Buried rupture earthquake

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The Northridge earthquake was a buried ruture earthquake,[1], but causes massive surface damage

A buried rupture earthquake, or blind earthquake (c.f., surface rupture earthquake) is an earthquake with non-visible offset of the ground surface when an earthquake rupture along a fault does not affect the Earth's surface. See also blind thrust earthquake, a close concept.

The Cypress Street Viaduct's collapsed upper deck and failed support columns, from the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which was a buried rupture earthquake[1], but causes massive surface damage

Buried rupture earthquakes and ground motion[edit]

Recorded ground motions of large surface-rupture earthquakes are weaker than the ground motions from buried rupture earthquakes.[1]

How deep they occur[edit]

The asperity for a buried rupture earthquakes is in area deeper than roughly 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). Examples are the Loma Prieta earthquake, Northridge earthquake, and the Noto Hanto earthquake.[2]

Buried rupture earthquakes and tsunamis[edit]

Uplifted water outside the fault plane in the buried rupture case, as compared to the seabed surface rupture case, makes for large tsunami waves.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "OBSERVED DIFFERENCES IN GROUND MOTIONS" (PDF). IJR. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  2. ^ Wada, K; Goto, H. "Generation Mechanism of Surface and Buried Faults Considering the Effect of Plasticity in a Shallow Crust Structure" (PDF). iitk.ac.in. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  3. ^ Goda, Katsuichiro (October 2015). "Effects of Seabed Surface Rupture Versus Buried Rupture on Tsunami Wave Modeling: A Case Study for the 2011 Tohoku, Japan, Earthquake". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 105 (5): 2563–2571. doi:10.1785/0120150091. hdl:1983/ab80d036-71a5-45e6-a26c-180964d589f4. Retrieved 29 October 2018.

External links and references[edit]