View of Burin, 2014
|State||State of Palestine|
|Name meaning||from the Arab word for pit?|
Burin was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal, part of Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 120 households and 5 bachelors, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olives, and goats or beehives, and a press for olives or grapes; a total of 26,445 akçe.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Burin had a population of 901, all Muslims, while in the 1931 census it had 215 houses and a population of 859 Muslims.
In the 1945 statistics, Burin (with Iraq Burin) had a population of 1,200, all Muslims, with 19,096 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,797 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 8,741 used for cereals, while 106 dunams were built-up land.
The Jordanian census of 1961 found 2,068 inhabitants in Burin.
After the 1995 accords, 20% of the village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 80% is defined as Area C land. Israel has confiscated land from Burin in order to construct 2 Israeli settlements: 621 dunams were taken for Bracha, and 233 dunams were taken for Yizhar.
The artists of this village are artists Qassim Al-Najjar (singer), artist Shadi Al-Burini, martyr Hamdan Al-Najjar, artist Firas Al-Borini, artist Akram Al-Borini, activist Osama Eid and others.
Expropriation and settler violence
The land and water resources of Burin has gradually been reduced since the 1967 Israeli occupation, due to the expropriation for Israeli settlements and military bases. Since 1982, more than 2,000 dunams of Burins land was first declared "state land" and then handed over to the settlers of Har Brakha.
In 2008, a yeshiva student from Yitzhar was arrested after a failed rocket attack on Burin. After Israeli police demolished a trailer home in Adei Ad, a group of settlers from Yitzhar vandalized cars, smashed windows and cut electricity wires in Burin. From mid-June 2008 to August 2008 the human rights group Yesh Din documented nine attacks on Palestinian families living in Burin allegedly carried out by settlers living in outposts near Yitzhar or Har Brakha. Cases of "disturbances of the peace", a term referring to harm caused to Palestinians and their property, as well as harm to Israeli security forces, by Israeli citizens, rose in 2008, with 429 incidents in the first half of 2008, compared with 587 incidents in all of 2006 and 551 in 2007.
In February 2010, an 18-year-old Burin resident was shot and wounded by a settler security guard, which the settlers said took place after Palestinians threw stones at them.
Olive harvest days are coordinated with Israel, the Palestinian Authority and large clans in the area to prevent violence and vandalism. 7,714 Palestinian-owned trees were damaged during the first months of 2013. According to a report by Yesh Din, Burin had lost the most trees. A spokesman for the Israeli governing body in the West Bank said that were also cases where Palestinians has damaged trees owned by Israel, but they were fewer.
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- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 132.
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 127
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- Mills, 1932, p.60
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- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 15
- Burin Village Profile ARIJ, p. 17
- Burin Village Profile ARIJ, p. 18
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Confiscation of more Palestinian Lands in Burin village for the expansion of Bracha Settlement Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine 1 May 2009, ARIJ
- "Palestinians say dozens of trees cut down by settlers". Ynet. 2009-11-12.
- "Settlers chop down olive trees south of Nablus". Ma'an. 2009-11-12.
- How dispossession happens. The humanitarian impact of the takeover of Palestinian springs by Israeli settlers Archived 2014-02-24 at the Wayback Machine, March 2012, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory
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- Ha'aretz Settler holds knife to IDF soldier's throat in West Bank riot. retrieved 26 July 2008
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- Special feature / The land of unchecked settler harassment 15 August 2008, Avi Issacharoff, Ha'aretz
- Ha'aretz 15 August 2008 Behind closed doors, police admit "turning a blind eye" to settler violence By Uri Blau
- Saed Bannoura, IMEMC News, Feb. 10, 2010
- Burin olive orchards under settlers' attack 29, December, 2005, ARIJ Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Setting 1200 Olive Trees Alight in Burin village – Nablus Governorate 17, July, 2011, ARIJ
- Ravaging 17 Olive Trees in Khallet Siwar, Burin Village - Nablus Governorate 11, May, 2012, ARIJ Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- In a harvest, Palestinians cast a light on hardship, The New York Times
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
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- Röhricht, R. (1893). (RRH) Regesta regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana.
- Welcome To Burin
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 11: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Burin Council
- Burin Village Profile, Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Burin (aerial photo), ARIJ
- Development Priorities and Needs in Burin, ARIJ
- Burin olive orchards under settlers' attack 29, December, 2005, POICA
- Confiscation of more Palestinian Lands in Burin village for the expansion of Bracha Settlement 01, May, 2009, POICA
- Setting 1200 Olive Trees Alight in Burin village – Nablus Governorate 17, July, 2011, POICA
- Ravaging 17 Olive Trees in Khallet Siwar, Burin Village - Nablus Governorate 11, May, 2012, POICA