Buriram

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Town of Buriram

บุรีรัมย์
Town
Buriram 24.12.2010 (21).JPG
Medical Edu. Center Building, Buriram.jpg
Buriram town.jpg
Thunder Castle 2.jpg
View of Sang Rung.jpg
(From top, left to right): Romburi Street, Buriram General Hospital, Municipality Office, Chang Arena, and the moat with defunct Saeng Rung Hoel
Official seal of Town of Buriram
Seal
Town of Buriram is located in Thailand
Town of Buriram
Town of Buriram
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 14°59′39″N 103°06′08″E / 14.99417°N 103.10222°E / 14.99417; 103.10222
CountryThailand
ProvinceBuriram Province
AmphoeMueang Buriram
Founded1936
Government
 • TypeThesaban
 • MayorKamon Rueangsuksiwong
Area
 • Total2 sq mi (6 km2)
Elevation535 ft (163 m)
Population
(2018)[1]
 • Total27,150
 • Metro density11,720/sq mi (4,525/km2)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
31000
Area code(s)044
AirportIATA: BFV – ICAO: VTUO
WebsiteOfficial website
Facebook

Buriram (Thai: บุรีรัมย์, RTGSburiram, pronounced [bū.rīː rām], 'city of happiness') is a town (thesaban mueang) in Thailand, capital of Buriram Province, about 410 km northeast of Bangkok. The town occupies tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Buriram District. In 2012 it had a population of 27,862.

History[edit]

Buriram New Provincial Office

Almost a thousand years ago, the present-day Buriram was part of the Khmer Empire. Ruins from that time attest to its destruction. The most significant of them is on an extinct volcano and is protected in the Phanom Rung Historical Park. According to inscriptions found, Buriram's ruler recognized the hegemony of the Khmer Empire's emperor. Before the ascent of Bangkok, little was known about Buriram. In the early Bangkok Period, in the early-19th century, the town originally called Muang Pae was renamed Buriram. After administrative reforms in the late 19th century, Buriram was incorporated into Siam as a province.[citation needed]

Administration divisions[edit]

Buriram Municipality Office

There are 18 chumchons (villages) (Thai: ชุมชน) in Buriram.[1]

Rank English Name Thai Name
1 Chum Het ชุมชนชุมเห็ด
2 Lang Sathani Rotfai ชุมชนหลังสถานีรถไฟ
3 Nah Sathani Rotfai ชุมชนหน้าสถานีรถไฟ
4 Prapa Kao ชุมชนประปาเก่า
5 Bu Lamduan Nuea ชุมชนบุลำดวนเหนือ
6 Bu Lamduan Tai ชุมชนบุลำดวนใต้
7 Lang Rajabhat ชุมชนหลังราชภัฏ
8 Ton Sak ชุมชนต้นสัก
9 Lak Mueang ชุมชนหลักเมือง
10 Saphan Yao ชุมชนสะพานยาว
11 Khok Klang ชุมชนโคกกลาง
12 Lalom ชุมชนละลม
13 Talat Bokhoso ชุมชนตลาด บ.ข.ส.
14 Lang San ชุมชนหลังศาล
15 Thetsaban ชุมชนเทศบาล
16 Talat Sot ชุมชนตลาดสด
17 Wat Isan ชุมชนวัดอิสาณ
18 Nong Prue ชุมชนหนองปรือ

Geography[edit]

Buriram is in the centre of Buriram Province. Buriram has no significant waterways. It has a creek, Huai Chorakhe Mak, the Buriram moat (or Khlong Lalom), Nong Prue, and Huai Chorakhe Mak and Huai Talat reservoirs.

Infrastructure[edit]

Communications[edit]

Buriram has a post office, TOT, the national telecom company, a CAT office and two radio stations: Radio Thailand AM and Radio Thailand FM.

Electricity[edit]

All of the houses in Buriram area (6,097 in total) have access to electricity. The Buriram Provincial Electricity Authority (Buriram PEA) is the main supplier.

Water supply[edit]

There are 6,097 houses which use municipal water in Buriram. Total consumption is 18,000-19,000 cubic meters a day. Huai Chorakhe Reservoir is the source of Buriram's water. Huai Talat Reservoir is the reserve water supply.

Climate[edit]

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Buriram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
34.0
(93.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.9
(93)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.5
(86.9)
29.8
(85.6)
33.1
(91.6)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.7
(72.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
23.3
(73.9)
20.9
(69.6)
18.3
(64.9)
22.5
(72.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.1
(0.004)
7.1
(0.28)
42.0
(1.654)
113.8
(4.48)
241.9
(9.524)
100.8
(3.969)
176.1
(6.933)
109.9
(4.327)
288.9
(11.374)
177.5
(6.988)
94.3
(3.713)
6.0
(0.236)
1,358.4
(53.482)
Source: Buriram Meteorological Department

Economy[edit]

Buriram moat
Chumchon Nah Sta-nee Rotfai

The bulk of the local economy is agricultural and the tourist industry that is a prominent feature in much of the rest of the country has yet to make a significant impact. Key agricultural crops include rice and cassava. The main languages spoken in Buriram are central Thai, Lao, and Khmer.

Taweekit Supercenter, a local department store, Buriram

Buriram has a football club, Buriram United F.C., which plays at Chang Arena.

Chang International Circuit Speedway construction started in March 2013[2] and opened on 4 October 2014.[3][4] The track is an FIA Grade I certified circuit, suitable for Formula One racing,[5][6] and hosted a Japanese Super GT round in 2014. From 2018 on, the circuit will host MotoGP for the first time.[7] Other racetracks are being planned, such as a motocross circuit.

In 2013, Newin Chidchob, developer of the Buriram's new CIC F1 racetrack, has said that, "Buriram doesn't have the sea like Pattaya, doesn't have mountains like Chiang Mai, so we will make Buriram the city of sports."[8]

Transport[edit]

Airports[edit]

Buriram Airport is the only airport in Buriram Province. Two airlines, Nok Air and Thai AirAsia, serve Buriram from Don Mueang International Airport (DMK).

Highways[edit]

Highways 218, 219, 226, and 2074 pass through Buriram.

Intercity transit[edit]

Buriram Railway Station

The State Railway of Thailand (SRT), the national rail system, provides service from the Buriram Railway Station. Buriram is on the northeastern railway line.

The national bus company, The Transport Co., Ltd., operates a bus depot at Buriram Bus Station. Nakhonchai Air has a terminal adjacent to the bus station.

Demography[edit]

Wooden houses on Sunthorntep St, old town

As of 30 April 2010.

  • Male 13,555
  • Female 14,620

Total population of 28,283 and 6,097 family units.[1]

Education[edit]

Building 9, Buriram Pittayakhom School
Pre-primary
  • Thesaban Mueang Buriram Child Development Center
  • Buriram Hospital Child Development Center
Pre-primary and Primary
  • Buriram Kindergarten School
  • Hua Khiaw School
  • Thesaban 3 School
  • Anuban Theera School
  • Buriram Ratjabhat University Demonstration School
Pre-primary, Primary and Secondary
  • Marie Anusorn School
  • Burirat Darun Wittaya School, or Thesaban 1 School
  • Isan Theera Wittayakan School, or Thesaban 2 School
  • Trai Kam Sittisil School
Secondary
Colleges
  • Buriram Technical College
  • Buriram Polytechnic
University
  • Buriram Rajabhat University

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  2. ^ Paritta Wangkiat (2014-10-05). "Buri Ram on fast track for F1 races". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2014-10-11.
  3. ^ "ช้างเซอร์กิต บุรีรัมย์ สู่F1ระดับโลก" [Chang Circuit Buriram towards F1 and world-class]. Daily News (Thailand) (in Thai). 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
  4. ^ Buriram International Circuit
  5. ^ Nick Mulvenney (2014-10-08). "Formula One grade circuit opens in Thailand". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
  6. ^ "Super GT race all set to blast down Buriram circuit". The Nation (Thailand). 2014-09-19. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
  7. ^ "Thailand to sign 3-year MotoGP deal". Autosport. 28 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  8. ^ https://m.prachachat.net/news_detail.php?newsid=1416856166

External links[edit]