Burkhart Waldecker was a German explorer who, in 1937, discovered the most southern source of the White Nile in Burundi. Waldecker came to the area to seek asylum from Nazi persecution. The true source is near Rutovu, where a pyramid was erected in 1938. Dr. Burkhart Waldecker's name is seen on the plaque which says in Latin, "Caput Nili," thus ending man's long quest to discover the source. The Nile river has various sources, Waldecker found the White Nile's most southern source which is part of the Kagera River, the other being Lake Kyoga in Uganda further north. The small pipe flowing with the first Nile water appears from the ground below the summit of Mount Kikizi where the pyramid is found.
The explorer missionary, David Livingstone, tried for many years to find the source of the Nile without success.