Burkholderia kururiensis

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Burkholderia kururiensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Beta Proteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Burkholderiaceae
Genus: Burkholderia
Species: B. kururiensis
Binomial name
Burkholderia kururiensis
Zhang et al. 2000
Type strain
JCM 10599

Burkholderia kururiensis is a species of proteobacteria.

It was isolated by Zhang et al.[1] from a groundwater sample in Japan. The sample was heavily contaminated with the industrial solvent trichloroethylene (TCE), which Burkholderia kururiensis degraded.

Phenotypic characteristics[edit]

Phenotypically, B. kururiensis is a Gram negative bacterium with an oval cell morphology. It was found to metabolise simple sugars such as mannose, glucose, galactose and maltose, as well as alcohols such as glycerol, inositol and mannitol.

Genotypic characteristics[edit]

Genotypically, studies of 16s ribosomal RNA suggested B. kururiensis belonged to the genus Burkholderia. The G+C total DNA content was measured as 64.8 mol %, as perhaps would be expected for proteobacteria.

Type strain[edit]

Based on information gathered during phenotypic and genotypic analysis, the KP23T strain isolated by Zhang et al. was reckoned to be a new species in the genus, and the name Burkholderiales kururiensis was proposed. The type strain is KP23T (= JCM 10599).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhang, H; Hanada, S; Shigematsu, T; Shibuya, K; Kamagata, Y; Kanagawa, T; Kurane, R (2000). "Burkholderia kururiensis sp. nov., a trichloroethylene (TCE)-degrading bacterium isolated from an aquifer polluted with TCE". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 50: 743–749. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-2-743. PMID 10758884.