Burleigh Falls

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Panorama photo of Burleigh Falls with exposed rock during a time of low flow.
Photo of Burleigh Falls taken early to mid 1920s at a time of high water flow.

Burleigh Falls is both a geological feature and a small community in Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada. The falls form the boundary between the municipality of North Kawartha to the north and the municipality of Selwyn to the south.

The falls (more accurately described as a chute or cascade,[1] since the drop in water level is more horizontal than vertical) are created by a narrowing in the flow of water between Lovesick Lake and Lower Buckhorn Lake on the west and Stoney Lake to the east.[2] At one time the landform was known as the "Burleigh chute".[3]

Burleigh Falls bridge[edit]

The bridge over the upper part of the cascade is part of Highway 28,[4] a major north-south transportation route. Although the south and north shores are at one point less than 100m apart, the area is so riddled with large lakes and rivers that before the bridge was built the shortest distance by land between the two points was at that time more than 70 km., much of it without roads.[5] Before the Kings Post Truss style iron bridge was built in the 1860s, travelers managed by crossing Stony Lake, by boat in the summer, and across the ice in winter.[6]

Lock 28[edit]

In historical times, because of the large number of lakes and the rocky uneven terrain, most travel in central Ontario took place on water. An extensive system of locks and dams, the Trent-Severn Waterway, which connects Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay, was built to facilitate this travel. At Burleigh Falls, the large, rapidly moving flow, cascading over and around rocks, was a serious barrier to transportation,[3] so Lock 28 was built just to the north,[7] allowing boat traffic to bypass the falls. Commonly known as the Burleigh Falls Lock, it was previously composed of two 4m flights, and the lock canal, about 190m in length blasted through solid granite. The lock was replaced with one lock with a lift of 7.3m [8][9][10] The lock was completed in 1887.[6] Limestone around this area was used in the construction of several nearby locks.[7]

Control dam[edit]

High water level in July 2017

Also as part of the Trent-Severn Waterway, a long control dam was built just above the falls.[11][12] The purpose of this dam is to regulate the water level on Lovesick Lake, both keeping it navigable for larger boats and ensuring sufficient water to operate the lock.

Village of Burleigh Falls[edit]

Burleigh Falls sign Hwy28 10-Aug-2014.jpg

With the building of the bridge and lock, a village, also known as Burleigh Falls, developed on the nearby shores, with businesses which supply amenities to lumberman, steamship passengers, various other travelers by road and water,[13] and in more recent years to tourists and the thousands of cottagers on the two large nearby lakes.

On the 11 acre Burleigh Island, a hotel was built by John Holmes in 1857. The first post office opened in the village in 1877.[6]

At Burleigh Falls there is a public wharf.[7]

Outdoor activities[edit]

Recreational boating and in particular canoeing have long been popular around Burleigh Falls. In 1974 the local Kawartha Non-Status Indian and Metis Association started the Burleigh Falls Canoe Company, and began manufacturing cedar-strip canoes in response for the demand for these boats.[14] The area has been popular with fishermen since pioneers days.[15][16][17] More recently kayaking enthusiasts have arrived to enjoy the rapids.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harris, Mike. "Burleigh Falls". Waterfalls of Ontario.
  2. ^ "Burleigh Falls". Go Waterfalling.
  3. ^ a b Angus, James T. A Respectable Ditch: A History of the Trent-Severn Waterway 1833-1920. McGill-Queens University Press, Montreal and Kingston, 1988.
  4. ^ David C. Roy (1987). North-Eastern Section of the Geological Society of America: Decade of North American Geology, Centennial Field Guides Volume 5. Geological Society of America. pp. 337–. ISBN 978-0-8137-5405-5. 
  5. ^ Illustrated Historical Atlas of Peterborough County 1825 - 1875
  6. ^ a b c Lavery, Doug and Mary. "Up the Burleigh Road... beyond the boulders". Trent Valley Archives, Peterborough, Ontario
  7. ^ a b c Douglas W. Ayres (12 March 2012). Undaunted Curiosity. Trafford Publishing. pp. 241–. ISBN 978-1-4669-1983-9. 
  8. ^ "A whimsical waterway on Peterborough's Trent Severn". Metro, 21 October 2010.
  9. ^ https://www.trentsevern.com/index.php/select-a-lock/28-burleigh-falls
  10. ^ Foran, Charles. "Trent-Severn Waterway: The waterway" Archived August 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Canadian Geographic: Travel Club.
  11. ^ "Trent Severn Waterway National Historic Site of Canada Water Management Program State of the Kawartha Lakes Workshop October 28th, 2008"
  12. ^ Christie Bentham; Katharine Hooke (2000). From Burleigh to Boschink: A Community Called Stony Lake. Dundurn. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-1-896219-63-9. 
  13. ^ "Burleigh and Lovesick: Canal Expansion Continues". Trent-Severn Waterway National Historic Site of Canada.
  14. ^ "MÉTIS OF BURLEIGH FALLS". Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources February 2000 FINAL REPORT
  15. ^ Samuel Strickland (1853). Twenty-seven Years in Canada West: Or, The Experience of an Early Settler. R. Bentley. pp. 237–. 
  16. ^ Erwin A. Bauer (26 January 2011). Bass Fisherman's Bible. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 196–. ISBN 978-0-307-77805-5. 
  17. ^ "Ohians rescued Burleigh Falls". Zanesville Times-Recorder, 3 July 1957
  18. ^ "Local Paddling Locations". World Kayak.

Coordinates: 44°33′23″N 78°12′11″W / 44.55639°N 78.20306°W / 44.55639; -78.20306