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Looking east over Burley Model Allotments towards Leeds University.
|Burley shown within West Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||170 mi (270 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||LS3, LS4, LS6|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Burley is an inner city area of northwest Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Burley is situated just over 1 mile (1.6 km) north-west from Leeds city centre, and between the A65 Kirkstall Road at the south, and Headingley at the north. Burley falls within the Kirkstall ward of the City of Leeds.
The place-name 'Burley' is first attested in 1195 as "Burteg" and, around 1200, as "Burcheleia" which is more representative of other medieval attestations. The name derives from Old English burh, a 'fortification' and lēah an 'open space'.
Burley grew from a village in the late industrial revolution. Parts of the original village can still be seen at the junction of Burley Road and Haddon Road, and around Burley Lodge. Most houses constructed in Burley were of red-brick, but were generally smaller and largely back-to-backs. Industrial and commercial buildings were also largely brick-built. There are some larger stone-built buildings on Kirkstall Road such as the ornate Cardigan Arms public house—although this largely pre-dates most of the buildings in the area—which at the time of its construction only Burley Village existed, with the Arms somewhat outside.
Mills along the River Aire were built towards the end of the 19th century, some of which remain standing. Housing for mill workers and others in surrounding areas followed, and homes were built further up the bank.[further explanation needed] Other industries in the area included printing, clock-making, dairies and chemicals.
The area remained working class for many decades[quantify] but the growth of the University of Leeds and Leeds Metropolitan University in the late 20th century brought a growing student population to Burley and the surrounding areas of Hyde Park, and Headingley. In the mid- to late 2000s student halls were built along the lower parts of Burley Road.
The opening of the Leeds Studios in 1968 by Yorkshire Television provided the first major non-manufacturing employer. Yorkshire Television and Radio Aire broadcast studios, and the Home Office's Immigration offices, are on Kirkstall Road in Burley.
Burley public houses and members' clubs include The Cardigan Arms, Bridgewater Arms, The Merry Monk, Burley Social Club and Burley Conservative Club. There are three gyms, a 5-aside football centre and a nine-hole golf course.
The area is served by small supermarkets (Iceland, Asda, Co-op and Aldi), and small chains such as One-Stop, Costcutter and Premier. The main shopping area is on Kirkstall Road and Burley Hill where there are shops and restaurants. Cardigan Fields leisure park complex contains a multi-screen cinema, a nightclub, a gymnasium, a 10-pin Bowling, a public house, and an ALDI supermarket. Restaurants include Pizza Hut, McDonald's and Nando's.
Burley Model Allotments, in what was once a quarry, has more than 100 plots and is bisected by Beechwood Crescent. The allotments have existed since 26 August 1892 when Leeds City Council acquired the site. It was replanned in 1956 and 1957 and on 26 June 1958 they were re-opened as Burley Model Allotments by the Lord Mayor of Leeds.
Local artists open their homes as galleries to display their work as part of Triangle Art Day.
Burley is characterised by red brick Victorian terraces including small back-to-back houses and through terraces. In the 20th century private houses were built including semi-detached houses around the Burley Wood. There are pockets of 20th-century council houses including a small estate of prefabricated concrete houses on Burley Road near the Yorkshire Television studios and an estate closer to Kirkstall.
Burley has a student population in private rented accommodation and in the mid- to late 2000s large scale student halls were built on Burley Road and owned and operated by the Opal Group.
Burley is linked to Leeds city centre by the A65 and Burley Roads. Burley has a railway station at Burley Park which opened in 1988 and connects Burley with the city centre, Headingley, Horsforth, Harrogate, Knaresborough and York. First Leeds 15, 19, 19A, 33, 33A, 49, 50 and 50A bus services link Burley with the city centre, Bradford, Farsley, Horsforth, Ireland Wood, Tinshill, Kirkstall, Headingley, Bramley, Garforth, Guiseley, Menston, Otley, St James' Hospital and Seacroft. Until 1959 the Leeds Tramway ran through Burley.
Queens ARLFC play in the Pennine League Premier Division and have headquarters at Burley Social Club. Burley United play their games at West Park football fields, playing in Division 1 of the Sunday League. Burley RUFC play in Yorkshire Division 4 and play their matches next to Kirkstall Abbey.
Burley was the setting for the television drama Harry's Game, in which houses on Burley Road were portrayed to be Belfast which Yorkshire Television considered too dangerous[according to whom?] to use for filming. The Haddon Hall public house was used for filming in the Beiderbecke Tapes. Burley Park railway station is sometimes used as Hotton railway station in Yorkshire Television soap opera Emmerdale. Occasional scenes from Fat Friends were shot in Burley.
Melanie Brown (aka Scary Spice) from the girl band - the Spice Girls was born in Leeds in 1975 and moved to Burley where she lived until she joined the band. She owns the house she grew up in.
- A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of the West Riding of Yorkshire, English Place-Name Society, 30–37, 8 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961–63), IV 140-41.
- "Church of St Matthias", British Listed Buildings