Fairhaven Avenue in downtown Burlington
The Hub City
Location of Burlington in Washington
|Incorporated||June 16, 1902|
|• Mayor||Steve Sexton|
|• Total||4.44 sq mi (11.49 km2)|
|• Land||4.28 sq mi (11.08 km2)|
|• Water||0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2) 3.62%|
|Elevation||30 ft (9.1 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,131.78/sq mi (823.09/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512052|
|Highways|| I-5 |
Burlington is a city in Skagit County, Washington, United States. The population is 8,388 as recorded by the 2010 census. It is roughly halfway in between Seattle and Vancouver, and is included in the Mount Vernon–Anacortes, Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Burlington began as a logging camp, established by John P. Millett and William McKay, in 1882. It was officially incorporated on June 16, 1902.
Originally, Burlington's businesses were centered on Fairhaven Avenue. Today, Fairhaven Avenue is the center of Burlington's old downtown, and provides a gathering place for the whole city during the annual summer Berry Dairy Days.
Berry Dairy Days started in 1937 was originally simply known as the Strawberry Festival. It served as a fundraiser for the town's fire department for many years. It is now a community event put on by the Burlington Chamber of Commerce. A 1954 article described a gigantic strawberry shortcake that was the centerpiece of that year's festival: it consisted of 60 sheets of sponge cake that took 12 hours to bake, and claimed to be the largest strawberry shortcake in the world.
Indigent defense ruling
In December 2013, U.S. District Judge Robert Lasnik determined that Burlington had systematically violated its duty to offer effective legal representation to defendants who couldn't afford an attorney. The ruling required Burlington and Mount Vernon to hire a public defense supervisor to ensure their defense system complies with constitutional standards.
2016 Cascade Mall shooting
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.42 square miles (11.45 km2), of which, 4.26 square miles (11.03 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.
The Skagit River has a long history of flooding, which has affected Burlington as well as other communities in the Skagit Valley. A 1909 newspaper article describes how a dike broke upriver "and a mountain of water came rushing down the Skagit valley and quickly inundated [Burlington]". Burlington is protected by a system of dikes under the jurisdiction of Skagit County Dike District #12, which was originally incorporated in 1895.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,388 people, 3,166 households, and 1,935 families living in the city. The population density was 1,969.0 inhabitants per square mile (760.2/km2). There were 3,419 housing units at an average density of 802.6 per square mile (309.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.1% White, 1.2% African American, 1.8% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 17.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.4% of the population.
There were 3,166 households of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.26.
The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 20.4% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2000 there were 6,757 people, 2,398 households, and 1,585 families living in the city. The population density was 1,609.8 people per square mile (621.2/km²). There were 2,531 housing units at an average density of 603.0 per square mile (232.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.49% White, 0.83% African American, 1.10% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 17.66% from other races, and 2.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.26% of the population.
There were 2,398 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 30.0% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,848, and the median income for a family was $42,083. Males had a median income of $35,247 versus $22,716 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,167. About 11.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.
Burlington is home to Cascade Mall, a shopping mall located in the heart of the Skagit Valley. It is an enclosed, single-level 585,362 sq ft (54,382 m2). regional shopping center in Burlington, 60 miles (97 km) north of Seattle. Cascade Mall opened in the fall of 1989, during a time-period where the city of Burlington was credited by the Wall Street Journal as one of the fastest-growing and best investment opportunities of small towns in the United States. The mall is situated near the interchange of Interstate 5 and State Route 20. The mall is owned and managed by Merlone Geier and local management is headed by property manager Taylor Long.
- Lynn D. "Buck" Compton, soldier from the Easy Company (portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers), police officer, and lawyer
- Mel Hein, American football player and coach inducted into Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Mary Mapes, journalist and television producer for 60 Minutes
- Fred Schacht, medical doctor and American football player and coach
- Charles F. Stafford, lawyer and Washington Supreme Court Justice
- "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "U.S. Census Bureau FactFinder". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- Meany, Edmond S. (1923). Origin of Washington geographic names. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 31.
- "Library Building Project". Burlington Public Library. City of Burlington Washington. Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Administration". City of Burlington. City of Burlington Washington. Archived from the original on July 23, 2010. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Fairhaven Ave looking East / Burlington Wash [photograph]". Hub History. c. 1910. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Burlington Chamber of Commerce. "Then and Now". Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Berry Dairy Days". Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Krenmayr, Janice (June 13, 1954). "It's shortcake time in Burlington". Seattle Times.
- Liptak, Adam (January 4, 2014). "Need-blind justice". New York Times Sunday Review. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Cole, Gina; Lerman, Rachel (December 31, 2013). "In lawsuit's wake, cities increase public defense budget". Skagit Valley Herald.
- Lerman, Rachel (March 29, 2014). "Supervisor named to oversee MV, Burlington public defense efforts". Skagit Valley Herald.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Skagit delta is flooded" (PDF). Mount Vernon Argus. December 3, 1909. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Skagit County Dike District #12" (PDF). Skagit County. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- "Contact us". Cascade Mall. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- McClellan, Dennis (February 29, 2012). "Lynn D. 'Buck' Compton dies at 90; judge also known for WWII service". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- "Hall of Famer Mel Hein dies". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. February 2, 1992. p. C2. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Frey, Jennifer (October 4, 2004). "Mary Mapes's Darkest Hour". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Breymeyer, Natalie (January 7, 2018). "Burlington chamber unveils a legendary exhibit". Skagit Valley Herald. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Norton, Dee (July 4, 1984). "Stafford death to add a 4th race to state high-court ballot in fall". The Seattle Times. p. B15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burlington, Washington.|