Burlington Breakwater Lights

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Burlington Breakwater
North Light
BurlBreakwater.JPG
The North Light is visible to the right.
Burlington Breakwater Lights is located in Vermont
Burlington Breakwater Lights
LocationBurlington, Vermont
Coordinates44°28′50″N 73°13′47.2″W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778Coordinates: 44°28′50″N 73°13′47.2″W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778
Year first constructed1857
Year first lit2003 (current tower, which is a replica of 1890 tower)
Automated2003
FoundationBreakwater
ConstructionWood
Tower shapeSquare pyramidal
Markings / patternWhite
Focal height35 feet (11 m)
Range12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi)
CharacteristicFlashing red 2.5s
Fog signalnone
USCG number1-39615

[1]

[2]
Burlington Breakwater
South Light
Burlington Breakwater South VT.JPG
LocationBurlington, US
Coordinates44°28′12.1″N 73°13′32.4″W / 44.470028°N 73.225667°W / 44.470028; -73.225667
Year first constructed1857
Year first lit2003 (current tower, which is a replica of 1857 tower)
Automated2003
FoundationBreakwater
ConstructionWood
Tower shapeSquare pyramidal
Markings / patternWhite
Focal height12 feet (3.7 m)
Range7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi)
CharacteristicFlashing white 4s
Fog signalnone
USCG number1-39680

[1]

[2]

The Burlington Breakwater Lights were originally established in 1857 to mark the ends of a low, detached, two piece breakwater 23-nautical-mile (1.2 km; 0.77 mi) long which protects the Burlington, Vermont harbor from Lake Champlain.[3] The breakwater is on the National Register of Historic Places,[4] but the lights, being replicas, are not. The two lights were replaced and rebuilt several times as fire and ice took their toll. In the middle of the 20th century, the wood towers were replaced by steel skeleton towers. The City of Burlington arranged for Federal funding for replicas of the original towers which were activated on September 12, 2003.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 330.
  2. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ (2009-12-26). "Lighthouses of the United States: Vermont". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  3. ^ NOAA chart #14782 Lake Champlain: Cumberland Head to Four Brothers Islands, 1/40,000 2006
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.