Burlington Industries

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Burlington Industries
TypePublic
IndustryManufacturing
Founded1923; 100 years ago (1923) in Burlington, North Carolina
FounderJ. Spencer Love
Defunct2003
FateAcquired by International Textile Group
ProductsTextiles

Burlington Industries, formerly Burlington Mills, is a diversified American fabric maker based in Greensboro, North Carolina. Founded by J. Spencer Love in Burlington, North Carolina in 1923,[1] the company has operations in the United States, Mexico, and India and a global manufacturing and product development network based in Hong Kong with over 8000 employees on several sites in the United States, Canada and worldwide.

The company entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in December 2001. Its assets were acquired by International Textile Group (ITG) out of bankruptcy in late 2003.[2] Its carpet division was sold to Mohawk Industries and its headquarters were vacated in 2004. ITG retained Burlington as a brand and eventually became Elevate Textiles.

History[edit]

A Burlington Sock (in the mid-1990s)

In 1923 J. Spencer Love founded a textile corporation in Burlington, North Carolina.[3] Love and his father brought $50,000 worth in machinery from a factory they had sold in Gastonia to Burlington, and also invested $200,000 that they had earned from the sale of the Gastonia plant, as well as selling an additional $200,000 worth of stock to local residents. In early 1924 Love began construction on the Pioneer Plant and a mill village of 70 houses known as Piedmont Heights. The mill opened with about 200 workers.[3][4] The operation initially produced cotton products without much success, but the company's situation improved once Love adopted rayon as the mill's fabric for manufacture shortly after it had been introduced to the Southern market.[5][6] Love had a second mill built in 1928 and opened a sales office in New York City the following year.[5]

During the Great Depression demand for rayon dramatically increased as it was a cheaper substitute for silk. Love acquired faltering textile mills across central North Carolina and fitted them with new looms that could process rayon. By 1935 Love operated the largest rayon-weaving operation in the United States.[6] That year he moved his corporate headquarters to Greensboro.[3] By 1936 he owned 22 factories in 9 locales. The following year he unified the plants as the Burlington Mills Corporation and had it listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[6] Burlington Mills exclusively produced rayon until 1938 when it began making hosiery.[7]

During World War II Burlington Mills sold nylon parachute cloth to the United States government.[3] About 4,000 male employees served in the war and were replaced by female workers.[5] Following the war the company diversified its operations, offering cotton and nylon commercial products, and it rapidly expanded.[5][8] It also invested $50 million in revamping and expanding its facilities.[9] In 1952 it became the first textile corporation to create a television advertisement.[5] By then it was the largest synthetic textile producer in the world, overseeing 73 facilities and 31,000 workers. Three years later the company was reorganized as Burlington Industries with nine different divisions.[7] In 1961 Fortune listed Burlington Industries as the 48th largest American corporation, with sales of $913 million and 62,000 employees in and outside of the country.[8] Love died the following year and the company came under new management.[5] In 1970 the company opened a new headquarters building in Greensboro, designed by Odell Associates.[10]

In the late 1970s and early 1980s Burlington Industries reinvested 85 percent of its revenue ($1.5 billion) in new equipment.[11] By the end of the 1980s it retained 26,000 workers while mostly producing yarns, apparel fabrics, carpet, and upholstery. In 1987 the company was threatened with a hostile takeover[5] from a Canadian textile corporation and a New York investor, borrowing $2.4 billion to stop it.[12] As a result, the company was briefly privatized before relisting on the New York Stock Exchange in 1992.[5] The company experienced financial losses in the 1990s largely due to increased competition from cheaper foreign imports. It laid off employees[3][5] and filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on November 15, 2001 with $800 million in outstanding debts. It subsequently closed seven facilities and terminated 6,650 positions. Private equity firm WL Ross & Co acquired Burlington's assets in 2003 for $614.1 million and Wilbur Ross appointed himself chairman of the company. As part of the restructuring, Burlington's carpet division was sold to Mohawk Industries for $352 million.[13] The following year Ross merged Burlington with the Cone Mills Corporation to form the International Textile Group (ITG).[3][5] Staff vacated the Burlington headquarters in November of that year and were merged with the other textile company staffs. The headquarters was imploded in May 2005.[10] ITG retained "Burlington" as a brand name.[14][10] ITG transformed into Elevate Textiles (a component of Platinum Equity) in January 2019, remaining the parent corporation of Burlington.[15]

Legacy[edit]

In 1955, Burlington Industries helped to fund the North Carolina State University reactor program. This was the first fission reactor built only to apply nuclear fission in peacetime for educational purposes. Because of their funding, the building is named Burlington Engineering Laboratories in honor of the company.[16]

In 1998, the Supreme Court ruled in Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth that employers were responsible if a supervisor creates a hostile work environment for an employee.[17]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Burlington". ITG. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  2. ^ "Burlington, Cone become International Textile Group." Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine BedTimes Magazine. March 19, 2004. Retrieved 2011-8-29.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Troxler, George W. (2006). "Burlington Industries". NCPedia. NC Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  4. ^ Covington & Ellis 2002, pp. 157–158.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kaiser, Nancy (2009). "Burlington Industries, Inc. Records, 1844-2001". UNC University Libraries. University of North Carolina. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c Covington & Ellis 2002, p. 158.
  7. ^ a b Glass 1992, p. 80.
  8. ^ a b Covington & Ellis 2002, p. 159.
  9. ^ Glass 1992, p. 83.
  10. ^ a b c Williams, Matt (May 23, 2005). "Award-winning building falls as thousands watch". News & Record. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  11. ^ Glass 1992, p. 97.
  12. ^ Glass 1992, pp. 100–101.
  13. ^ Craver, Richard (November 13, 2003). "Greensboro, N.C.-Based Burlington Industries Emerges from Bankruptcy". Winston-Salem Journal. p. 1.
  14. ^ Bolden 2010, Introduction.
  15. ^ "International Textile Group Becomes Elevate Textiles Following Integration with American & Efird : A&E, Burlington, Cone Denim, Gütermann and Safety Components Join Forces Under New Corporate Brand". Elevate Textiles, Inc. January 22, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  16. ^ "Burlington Engineering Laboratories". projects.ncsu.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-14.
  17. ^ Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1998).

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]