Burnt River (Oregon)

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Burnt River
Burnt River Canyon (Baker County, Oregon scenic images) (bakDA0050a).jpg
Flowing through Burnt River Canyon
Burnt River (Oregon) is located in Oregon
Burnt River (Oregon)
Location of the mouth of Burnt River in Oregon
EtymologyEither burned timber along its banks or burned-looking rocks along its course[2]
Location
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyBaker
Physical characteristics
SourceBlue Mountains
 - locationnear Unity, Oregon
 - coordinates44°30′15″N 118°10′51″W / 44.50417°N 118.18083°W / 44.50417; -118.18083[1]
 - elevation3,824 ft (1,166 m)[3]
MouthSnake River
 - location
near Huntington, Oregon
 - coordinates
44°21′54″N 117°13′34″W / 44.36500°N 117.22611°W / 44.36500; -117.22611Coordinates: 44°21′54″N 117°13′34″W / 44.36500°N 117.22611°W / 44.36500; -117.22611[1]
 - elevation
2,073 ft (632 m)[1]
Length98 mi (158 km)[4]
Basin size1,090 sq mi (2,800 km2)[6]
Discharge 
 - average131 cu ft/s (3.7 m3/s)[5]

The Burnt River is a 98-mile-long (158 km)[4] tributary of the Snake River in eastern Oregon, United States. It enters the Snake near Huntington, Oregon, at a point upstream of the Powder River and downstream of the Malheur River, slightly more than 327 miles (526 km) from the Snake's confluence with the Columbia River.[7] Draining 1,090 square miles (2,800 km2), it flows predominately west to east.[8]

The river begins at Unity Reservoir at the confluence of the North, West, Middle, and South forks of the river. The reservoir is slightly east of the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest in the Blue Mountains and slightly north of Unity. Unity Lake State Recreation Site adjoins the reservoir. As it leaves the lake, the river flows under Oregon Route 245, then runs east through the upper Burnt River Valley past Hereford and Bridgeport and, through the Burnt River Canyon, to Durkee. Turning generally south at Durkee, the river runs along Interstate 84 past Weatherby, Dixie, and Lime before flowing under the Interstate and turning east again. Shortly thereafter, it passes Huntington and reaches the Snake.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Burnt River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey (USGS). November 28, 1980. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  2. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 129. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
  3. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed May 3, 2011
  5. ^ Palmer, Tim (2014). Field Guide to Oregon Rivers. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press. p. 275. ISBN 978-0-87071-627-0.
  6. ^ "Bull Trout Recovery Plan: Columbia River/Klamath (2002), Chapter 13: Hells Canyon" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. p. 2. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  7. ^ United States Geological Survey (USGS). "United States Geological Survey Topographic Map:Olds Ferry, Idaho, quadrangle". TopoQuest. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (Map) (1991 ed.). DeLorme Mapping. § 82–83. ISBN 0-89933-235-8.