Burqa, Ramallah

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Burqa
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بُرقة
Burqa´s mosque from the north
Burqa´s mosque from the north
Burqa is located in the Palestinian territories
Burqa
Burqa
Location of Burqa within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°53′45″N 35°15′15″E / 31.89583°N 35.25417°E / 31.89583; 35.25417Coordinates: 31°53′45″N 35°15′15″E / 31.89583°N 35.25417°E / 31.89583; 35.25417
Palestine grid 174/144
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (200)
 • Jurisdiction 2,090
Name meaning "The speckled ground"[1]

Burqa (Arabic: بُرقة‎‎) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) east of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of approximately 2,090 inhabitants in the 2007 census.[2]

History[edit]

In 1596, Burqa appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 28 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, fruit trees, goats and/or beehives.[3]

American scholar Edward Robinson noted the village in 1838, "high up on the hill-side",[4] while in 1863 French explorer Victor Guérin found it to contain about thirty houses. A Muslim shrine devoted to Sheikh Youseph was also noted.[5]

An Ottoman village list from about 1870 showed that Burka had a population of 152, with a total of 31 houses, though the population count included men, only.[6][7] In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Burkah as "a good-sized village standing high on a bare hillside, with a spring in the valley to the south."[8]

In 1896 the population of Burka was estimated to be about 270 people.[9]

British Mandate of Palestine[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Burqa had a population of 268, all Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census, to 320, still all Muslim, in 66 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population was 380, all Muslims,[12] while the total land area was 6,001 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 1,297 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 2,460 for cereals,[14] while 22 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Burqa came under Jordanian rule.

1967 and aftermath[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Burqa has been under Israeli occupation. As of September 1995, the immediate region, now known as Area A, has come under collaborative or joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority (PA) administration,[16] with civil administration vested fully in the PA, but where any breaches in what Israel regards as "security matters" (as of 2002) are under Israeli Defense Forces control.[17]

The outpost Migron, Mateh Binyamin was located east of Burqa, on land registered as privately owned by inhabitants of Burqa and Deir Dibwan. In 2012 Migron was evacuated and since then the area is deserted.[18][19][20][21]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 292
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 112
  4. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 118
  5. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 57
  6. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 149
  7. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 127
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 9
  9. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 121
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 48.
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 111
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 161
  16. ^ 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement. Text of the Accord
  17. ^ Nahum Barnea, 'Beitunian nights: The IDF in the West Bank', Ynet 18 March 2016.
  18. ^ Peace now
  19. ^ State: Migron outpost to be evacuated within six months, 23 January 2008, By Yuval Boaz, Ha'aretz
  20. ^ Settlers leaders to vote on moving Migron outpost 7 August 2008, By Tovah Lazaroff, Jpost
  21. ^ In Battle Over a Settlement, It's Israelis vs. Israelis 24 December 2003, By Richard Bernstein, New York Times

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]