|Occupation||Deputy Sheriff and outlaw|
|Criminal charge||Armed robbery|
Burt Alvord (1867-after 1910), or Albert Alvord, was a lawman and later outlaw of the Old West. He began working as a deputy under Cochise County Sheriff John Slaughter in 1886, but he turned to train robbery about the beginning of the 20th century.
Albert W. Alvord was born to Charles E. Alvord and his wife Lucy on September 11, 1867 in Plumas County, California. His father, a native of New York, worked as prospector and as a mechanic for mining companies, but he eventually came to hold the public offices such as constable and justice of the peace in several of the places that the family lived. The family moved often throughout Burt’s childhood, following the mining business from boomtown to boomtown. In 1879 the family settled in Pima County, Arizona, but soon moved to Tombstone. Alvord’s education was not formal, but he likely learned much from his father’s cases about local disputes. He also spent much time working at the O.K. Corral where he got to know the townspeople very well. Claims that Alvord witnessed the famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral are unsubstantiated, though the outlaw events that Tombstone was famous for would have certainly made an impression on young Alvord.
Law enforcement career
Despite Alvord’s reputation for frequenting saloons and his participating in several bar altercations, Sheriff John Slaughter recruited Alvord as a deputy in 1886. The same year, Alvord’s mother died. Alvord served primarily as the muscle behind Slaughter's operations, as he made several decisions which revealed his lack of experience and finesse in law enforcement. He was reportedly “not noble, temperate, far seeing, or unselfish”. He did assist Slaughter in capturing or killing several rustlers and other outlaws between 1886 and 1889, but his image suffered when his alcoholism became increasingly apparent. Alvord continued to frequent saloons, and even worse he began to associate with gamblers and suspected outlaws. When Sheriff Slaughter reprimanded him, he quit.
In 1896, Alvord moved to Cochise County, where he married Lola Ochoa, bought a ranch, and settled down. Once again he became a sheriff’s deputy. Unfortunately, his life took a turn for the worse just two years later, when his father died. In late December 1899, Alvord suddenly and inexplicably resigned his post of deputy sheriff.
Outlawry and last years
Almost immediately after turning in his badge, Alvord left his wife and turned to crime. He formed a gang with outlaws Billy Stiles and "Three Fingered Jack" Dunlop, men he had once pursued during his career as a law officer. Alvord's gang committed several armed robberies in Cochise County, where he and Stiles were both captured. Somehow, they managed to escape. On February 15, 1900, "Three Fingers Jack" was killed by lawman Jeff Milton during a bungled train robbery in Fairbank, Arizona. Gang recruit Bravo Juan Yoas was wounded. Later that year, Alvord was again captured and taken to Tombstone. Billy Stiles rode to Tombstone and wounded the deputy on duty, allowing Alvord and 24 other prisoners to escape.
In 1902, Alvord assisted Arizona Rangers Captain Burton C. Mossman in capturing the notorious Mexican bandit Augustine Chacon, in exchange for a share of the reward money and a reduced sentence. When Chacon was convicted of murder and hung at Solomonville, Alvord decided it was wiser not to surrender after all.
Alvord and Billy Stiles instead returned to crime, now pursued by the Arizona Rangers. They were captured in December 1903, but again managed to escape. Alvord even made a crude attempt at faking their deaths, using the bodies of two unknown Mexicans. Alvord sent the bodies to Tombstone, claiming they were himself and Stiles. However, an examination quickly showed the dead men were not the two "gringos".
The irritated Arizona Rangers finally pursued the outlaws across the international border into Mexico, trapping them near Naco in February 1904. The outlaws resisted, but they surrendered after they both had been wounded. Alvord would spend two years in Yuma prison. Following his release, he announced he was going by ship to start anew in Central America. He was last seen in 1910 working as a canal employee. Alvord's last years are unknown.
In the media
Bing Russell played Alvord in the 1963 episode "The Measure of a Man" of the syndicated series, Death Valley Days, narrated by Stanley Andrews. In the story line, Alvord, with a serious arm injury, is promised a light sentence if he will surrender and deliver the whereabouts of the notorious bandit Augustine Chacon (Michael Pate). Rory Calhoun plays the Arizona Ranger Burt Mossman who works to capture Chacon and return him to be hanged for a conviction four years earlier.
According to historian David Leighton, Alvord Road in Tucson, Arizona is named for the lawman turned outlaw.
- Chaput, pg. 17
- Chaput, pg. 16-21
- Chaput, pg. 21
- U.S. Census, Luttrell, Pima Co., Arizona, 7 June 1880: Chas. E. Alvord, 53, prospector, Lucy, 48, wife, William, 23, son, Chas. E., 16, son, Albert, 14, son, Mady, 9, daughter. Page 3, Enumerator's District 40.
- Census Enumeration of Cochise County, Arizona Territory - Tombstone: C. E. Alvord, 53, Lucy, 50, W. W., 26, C. E., 19, A. W., 15, M., 9. No page numbers.
- Chaput, pg. 20, 25
- Chaput, pg. 29
- Chaput, pg. 25-6
- Chaput, pg. 33-4
- Chaput, pg. 48-9
- Chaput, pg. 54
- Chaput, pg. 57
- Raine, pg. 74-77
- Wilson, pg. 45
- "Stories of the Century: "Burt Alvord", January 2, 1955". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
- "The Measure of a Man on Death Valley Days". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- David Leighton, "Street Smarts: Alvord Road named for deputy sheriff who became bank robber," Arizona Daily Star, Nov. 7, 2016
- Burton Alvord, lawman and outlaw
- Chaput, Donald (2000). Spawn Gone Wrong – The Odyssey of Burt Alvord: Lawman, Train Robber, Fugitive. Westernlore Press Co.
- Wilson, R. Michael (2005). Legal Executions in the Western Territories, 1847-1911: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-4825-8.
- Raine, William MacLeod (1905). Pearson's magazine: Carrying Law into the Mesquite. Pearson Publishing Co.
- Sifakis, Carl. Encyclopedia of American Crime, New York, Facts on File Inc., 1982