Burton, British Columbia
Before European contact, Burton was known as xaieken, a large village of Sinixt first nations people. Inadequate archeological research of the area exists to support several First Nations claims. Burton arose in the 1890s when gold was found at Cariboo Creek, a steamboat stop. The community was named for Reuben Burton who preempted in 1893 and was the postmaster.:34 Arriving miners and farmers spurred development. Served by CPR sternwheeler boats for many years until 1954, BC Highway 6 is now the main means of access. Tug boats still ply the lake towing log booms and barges.
The original townsite was submerged when the Keenleyside Dam flooded the area in 1968. A new town site was established on higher ground at that time. The old town site had four stores, gas stations, cafe, school, playing fields, a community hall, a large Federal government wharf, a hotel with a pub and three churches. The old townsite was north of the mouth of Cariboo creek with farms north, south and east of the townsite. A scenic location surrounded by mountains with lake, creeks and wildlife close at hand.
- "Inventory and Strategic Directions for Built Heritage Assets in the Columbia Basin" (PDF). www.ourtrust.org. p. 114.
Most of the cultural sites listed are connected to the Sinixt/Arrow Lakes Interior Salish tribe and have been flooded or destroyed by reservoirs.
- "Burton (community)". BC Geographical Names.
- Akrigg, G.P.V.; Akrigg, Helen B. (1986), British Columbia Place Names (3rd, 1997 ed.), Vancouver: UBC Press, ISBN 0-7748-0636-2
- "THE ARROW LAKES: Burton". www.archive.org.
- "Nelson Star, 5 Aug 2013". www.nelsonstar.com.