Burton, Texas

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Burton, Texas
City
BurtonHistoricDistrict1 (1 of 1).jpg
Location of Burton, Texas
Location of Burton, Texas
Coordinates: 30°10′54″N 96°35′46″W / 30.18167°N 96.59611°W / 30.18167; -96.59611Coordinates: 30°10′54″N 96°35′46″W / 30.18167°N 96.59611°W / 30.18167; -96.59611
Country United States
State Texas
County Washington
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 300
 • Density 250/sq mi (97/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 77835

Burton is a city in Washington County, Texas, United States. The population was 359 at the 2000 census. Prior to the 2010 census, Burton changed its status from a town to a city. The population was 300 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Burton was established in 1862 by John M. Burton when land was sold to trustees of the H.T & C Railroad and then sold to citizens. The arrival of the railroad after the Civil War benefited the community. By 1910 its population was 600. The community was incorporated in 1972.

Geography[edit]

Burton is located at 30°10′54″N 96°35′46″W / 30.18167°N 96.59611°W / 30.18167; -96.59611 (30.181668,-96.596178).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²), all of it land.

Burton lies on Highway 290 between Austin and Houston.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 125
1890 384 207.2%
1980 325
1990 311 −4.3%
2000 359 15.4%
2010 300 −16.4%
Est. 2016 298 [3] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census of 2000, there were 359 people, 153 households, and 93 families residing in the town. The population density was 301.7 people per square mile (116.5/km²). There were 194 housing units at an average density of 163.1 per square mile (62.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 67.13% White, 25.35% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 3.34% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.

There were 153 households out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,875, and the median income for a family was $47,321. Males had a median income of $26,406 versus $16,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,496. 7.8% of the population and 3.0% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.7% are under the age of 18 and 12.3% are 65 or older.

Education[edit]

The Town of Burton is served by the Burton Independent School District.

Texas Cotton Gin Museum and Festival[edit]

Burton is home to the Texas Cotton Gin Museum,[5] which is located at the Burton Farmers Gin. The gin was built in 1914 and is considered to be the oldest working cotton gin in the country.[6] Every year in the Spring, the Texas Cotton Gin Museum hosts the Burton Cotton Gin Festival. During the annual festival, the cotton gin runs, powered by a 16-ton, 125-horsepower 1925 Bessemer engine[7] called "Lady B."[8]

Dance Hall[edit]

La Bahia Turn Verein[9] hall is located about 5 miles southwest of the town of Burton. This hall hosts a regular antique fair, as well as traditional dances. The older part of the building is not air conditioned.

Resident Peacock[edit]

Local lore holds that the resident peacock that now roams freely through Burton was once an inhabitant of a petting zoo at the Burton Cotton Gin Festival.[8]

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 2017-01-03. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.cottonginmuseum.org/
  6. ^ http://www.texashighways.com/featured-events/item/7399-burton-cotton-gin-festival
  7. ^ http://www.texascooppower.com/travel/central-texas/burton-cotton-gin
  8. ^ a b http://thetandd.com/business/legacy-of-cotton-texas-gin-still-working-after-years/article_584e2b60-ccd5-11e3-93ca-001a4bcf887a.html
  9. ^ "Central Texas Dance Hall". Retrieved 2008-05-19.