Burton (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Burton
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Burton in Staffordshire
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England
CountyStaffordshire
Population102,731 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate75,302 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBurton upon Trent and Uttoxeter
Current constituency
Created1885
Member of Parliamentvacant
Number of membersOne
Created fromEast Staffordshire and North Staffordshire
Overlaps

Burton is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[3][4] Party
1885 Sir Michael Bass Liberal
1886 Sydney Evershed Liberal
1900 Robert Ratcliff Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton Unionist
1943 John Gretton, 2nd Baron Gretton Conservative
1945 Arthur W. Lyne Labour
1950 Arthur Colegate Conservative
1955 John Jennings Conservative
1974 Ivan Lawrence Conservative
1997 Janet Dean Labour
2010 Andrew Griffiths Conservative
2018 Independent
2018 Conservative

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covers most of the East Staffordshire district. The main town is Burton upon Trent, while it also includes Uttoxeter, Tutbury and Rocester. The remaining small part of East Staffordshire, the area around Abbots Bromley and Yoxall, and, from the 2010 general election (following a review by the Boundary Commission for England), the Needwood ward (containing the village of Barton-under-Needwood), is in the Lichfield constituency.

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1885. Burton-upon-Trent is a centre of the brewing industry and for sixty years from 1885-1945, the MPs were from brewery-owning families. From 1950-1997, the seat was held by the Conservative Party, albeit often with relatively small majorities. However, like many traditionally Conservative seats, it was lost to the Labour Party at the 1997 general election, which they won in a landslide. Janet Dean retained the seat until 2010, when the Conservatives retook it.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 2019: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Greens Kate Copeland[5]
Labour Louise Walker[6]
Liberal Democrat Adam Wain [7]
Brexit Party Dale Prime[8]
Conservative TBA
General election 2017: Burton[citation needed]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Griffiths 28,936 58.0 Increase 8.2
Labour John McKiernan 18,889 37.8 Increase 10.3
Liberal Democrat Dominic Hardwick 1,262 2.5 Steady 0.0
Green Simon Hales 824 1.7 Decrease 0.8
Majority 10,047 20.2 Decrease 2.6
Turnout 49,911 67.5 Increase 2.0
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 1.3
General election 2015: Burton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Griffiths 24,376 49.8 Increase 5.3
Labour Jon Wheale [10] 13,484 27.3 Decrease 4.5
UKIP Mike Green [10] 8,658 17.5 Increase 14.6
Liberal Democrat David MacDonald [11] 1,232 2.5 Decrease 13.3
Green Samantha Patrone [12] 1,224 2.5 Increase 2.5
Majority 11,252 22.8 Increase 10.1
Turnout 49,334 65.5 Decrease 1.0
Conservative hold Swing Increase 4.9
General election 2010: Burton[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Griffiths 22,188 44.5 Increase 7.2
Labour Ruth Smeeth 15,884 31.9 Decrease 10.2
Liberal Democrat Michael Rodgers 7,891 15.8 Increase 3.4
BNP Alan Hewitt 2,409 4.8 Increase 1.0
UKIP Philip Lancaster 1,451 2.9 Increase 1.0
Majority 6,304 12.7
Turnout 49,823 66.5 Increase 6.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase 8.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Burton[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Dean 19,701 41.1 Decrease 7.9
Conservative Adrian Pepper 18,280 38.2 Decrease 0.4
Liberal Democrat Sandra Johnson 6,236 13.0 +3.4
BNP Julie Russell 1,840 3.8 N/A
UKIP Philip Lancaster 913 1.9 Decrease 0.2
Veritas Brian Buxton 912 1.9 N/A
Majority 1,421 3.0
Turnout 47,882 61.0 Decrease 0.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 2001: Burton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Dean 22,783 49.0 Decrease 2.0
Conservative Maggie A. Punyer 17,934 38.6 Decrease 0.8
Liberal Democrat David A. Fletcher 4,468 9.6 Increase 1.1
UKIP Ian E. Crompton 984 2.1 N/A
ProLife Alliance John D.W. Roberts 288 0.6 N/A
Majority 4,849 10.4
Turnout 46,457 61.7 Decrease 13.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Burton[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Dean 27,810 51.0 Increase 11
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 21,480 39.4 Decrease 10.3
Liberal Democrat David A. Fletcher 4,617 8.47 Decrease 1.83
National Democrats Keith Sharp 604 1.11
Majority 6,330 11.61 Increase 1.91
Turnout 54,514 75.05 Decrease 7.35
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 10.65
General election 1992: Burton[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 30,845 49.7 Decrease 1.0
Labour Patricia K. Muddyman 24,849 40.0 Increase 6.4
Liberal Democrat Rob C. Renold 6,375 10.3 Decrease 5.5
Majority 5,996 9.7 Decrease 7.4
Turnout 62,069 82.4 Increase 3.9
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 3.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Burton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 29,160 50.68
Labour Dennis Heptonstall 19,330 33.60
Liberal Kenneth Hemsley 9,046 15.72
Majority 9,830 17.08
Turnout 78.55
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Burton[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 27,874 51.13
Labour REG Slater 16,227 29.76
Liberal J Garner 10,420 19.11
Majority 11,647 21.36
Turnout 75.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1979: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 29,821 54.00
Labour GS Jones 20,020 36.25
Liberal K Stevens 5,383 9.75
Majority 9,801 17.75
Turnout 78.75
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 23,496 44.45
Labour David Hill 21,398 40.48
Liberal K Stevens 7,969 15.07
Majority 2,098 3.97
Turnout 77.97
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 28,343 53.09
Labour David Hill 25,040 46.91
Majority 3,303 6.19
Turnout 79.48
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Jennings 27,428 54.32
Labour Ronald G Truman 23,063 45.68
Majority 4,365 8.65
Turnout 75.60
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General election 1966: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Jennings 23,773 50.29
Labour Charles William Shepherd 23,496 49.71
Majority 277 0.59
Turnout 78.74
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Jennings 25,236 53.24
Labour Thomas S Pritchard 22,161 46.76
Majority 3,075 6.49
Turnout 80.22
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General election 1959: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Jennings 26,926 56.14
Labour Edward McGarry 21,032 43.86
Majority 5,894 12.29
Turnout 82.36
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Burton [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Jennings 24,519 53.23
Labour Co-op Ewart Taylor 21,546 46.77
Majority 2,973 6.45
Turnout 80.78
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Colegate 24,884 50.75
Labour John Stonehouse 24,151 49.25
Majority 733 1.49
Turnout 86.31
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Colegate 24,903 51.54
Labour Arthur W. Lyne 23,418 48.46
Majority 1,485 3.07
Turnout 86.05
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General election 1945: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur W. Lyne 18,288 51.06
Conservative John Gretton 17,528 48.94
Majority 760 2.12
Turnout 66.84
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General election 1935: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gretton 23,539 74.54
Labour Gladys Nellie Paling 8,041 25.46
Majority 15,498 49.08
Turnout 65.64
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Burton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gretton 26,117 74.73
Labour William Paling 8,832 25.27
Majority 17,285 49.46
Turnout 74.65
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General election 1929: Burton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Gretton 18,243 52.6 −21.6
Labour William Paling 10,511 30.3 +4.5
Liberal Ifor Bowen Lloyd 5,943 17.1 N/A
Majority 7,732 22.3 −26.1
Turnout 34,697 75.3 −2.5
Registered electors 46,099
Unionist hold Swing −13.1
General election 1924: Burton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Gretton 20,550 74.2 N/A
Labour F. Thoresby 7,141 25.8 N/A
Majority 13,409 48.4 N/A
Turnout 27,691 77.8 N/A
Registered electors 35,599
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1923: Burton [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Gretton Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1922: Burton [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Gretton Unopposed
Unionist hold

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election 1918: Burton [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist John Gretton Unopposed
Unionist hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election December 1910: Burton [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Ratcliff 5,877 60.8 N/A
Liberal Harold Rylett 3,784 39.2 N/A
Majority 2,093 21.6 N/A
Turnout 9,661 81.3 N/A
Registered electors 11,878
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election January 1910: Burton [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Ratcliff Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1906: Burton [26][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Ratcliff 5,613 55.1 −6.9
Liberal Francis Vane 4,572 44.9 +6.9
Majority 1,041 10.2 −13.8
Turnout 10,185 88.8 +5.7
Registered electors 11,465
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −6.9
General election 1900: Burton [26][27][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Ratcliff 5,592 62.0 N/A
Liberal Jabez Edward Johnson-Ferguson 3,421 38.0 N/A
Majority 2,171 24.0 N/A
Turnout 9,013 83.1 N/A
Registered electors 10,852
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Evershed
General election 1892: Burton [26][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Evershed Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1895: Burton [26][27][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Evershed Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

By-election, 20 Aug 1886: Burton [26][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Evershed 4,792 67.4 N/A
Conservative Gerald Holbech Hardy 2,319 32.6 N/A
Majority 2,473 34.8 N/A
Turnout 7,111 75.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,463
Liberal hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Bass' elevation to the peerage, becoming Lord Burton.
Bass
General election 1886: Burton [26][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Bass Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Burton [26][28][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Bass 5,395 68.0 N/A
Conservative Gerald Holbech Hardy 2,543 32.0 N/A
Majority 2,852 36.0 N/A
Turnout 7,938 83.9 N/A
Registered electors 9,463
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Burton: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Burton 1885-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
  5. ^ https://my.greenparty.org.uk/candidates/105864
  6. ^ https://www.facebook.com/BurtonUttoxeterLabour/photos/a.126788094111636/1343923209064779/?type=3&theater
  7. ^ https://ltblibdems.org.uk/en/article/2019/1333872/burton-uttoxeter-candidate
  8. ^ https://www.derbytelegraph.co.uk/burton/brexit-party-burton-general-election-3180830/
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ a b "UK ELECTION RESULTS: BURTON 2015".
  11. ^ "Lichfield & Burntwood - Paul Ray".
  12. ^ "General Election". westmidlands.greenparty.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Burton [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ The Times Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
  23. ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  27. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  28. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°52′N 1°50′W / 52.87°N 1.83°W / 52.87; -1.83