Bury (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the constituency in Suffolk, see Bury St Edmunds (UK Parliament constituency).
Bury
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Lancashire
(now Greater Manchester)
Major settlements Bury
18321950
Number of members One
Replaced by Bury & Radcliffe
Created from Lancashire

Bury was a borough constituency centred on the town of Bury in Lancashire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1832 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new constituency of Bury & Radcliffe.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party[2][3][4]
1832 Richard Walker Liberal
1852 Frederick Peel Liberal
1857 Robert Needham Philips Liberal
1859 Frederick Peel Liberal
1865 Robert Needham Philips Liberal
1885 Sir Henry James Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1895 James Kenyon Conservative
1902 Sir George Toulmin Liberal
1918 Charles Ainsworth Conservative
1935 Alan Chorlton Conservative
1945 Walter Fletcher Conservative
1950 constituency abolished: see Bury & Radcliffe

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Lawson
General Election 1885: Bury [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Henry James 3,976 n/a
Conservative John Grant Lawson 3,787 n/a
Majority 189 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Bury [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Sir Henry James unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Bury [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Sir Henry James 4,070 n/a
Liberal John Parks 3,241 n/a
Majority 829 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
Cheetham
General Election 1895: Bury [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Kenyon 3,890
Liberal John Frederick Cheetham 3,215
Majority 675
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Bury [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Kenyon 4,132
Liberal George Toulmin 3,283
Majority 849
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
George Toulmin
Bury by-election, 1902[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Toulmin 4,213 52.6
Liberal Unionist Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson 3,799 47.4
Majority 414 5.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.0
General Election 1906: Bury [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Toulmin 4,626
Conservative Reginald Jaffray Lucas 3,499
Majority 1,127
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Bury [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Toulmin 4,866
Conservative Edwin Leach Hartley 4,258
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Bury [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir George Toulmin 4,509
Conservative Edwin Leach Hartley 4,254
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1923: Bury [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Ainsworth 10,680 40.3 -0.9
Labour Harry Wright Wallace 9,568 36.1 -0.6
Liberal James Duckworth 6,251 23.6 +1.5
Majority 1,112 4.2 -0.3
Turnout 80.8 -0.5
Unionist hold Swing -0.1
General Election 1924: Bury [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Ainsworth 13,382 46.9 +6.6
Labour Harry Wright Wallace 10,286 36.1 0.0
Liberal James Duckworth 4,847 17.0 -6.6
Majority 3,096 10.8 +6.6
Turnout 86.5 +5.7
Unionist hold Swing +3.3
General Election 1929: Bury [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Ainsworth 14,845 42.2
Labour James Bell 13,175 37.4
Liberal Clifford Stanley Ickringill 7,160 20.4
Majority 1,670 4.8
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Bury [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Ainsworth 24,975 70.3 +28.1
Labour James Bell 10,532 29.7 -7.7
Majority 14,443 40.7 +35.8
Turnout 35,507 81.6
Conservative hold Swing +17.9
General Election 1935: Bury [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Ernest Leofric Chorlton 18,425 49.4
Labour Edith Clara Summerskill 12,845 34.4
Liberal Donald McIntosh Johnson 6,065 16.2 n/a
Majority 5,580 15.0
Turnout 37,335 83.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40 Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Bury [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Fletcher 14,012 39.9
Labour Sydney Hand 13,902 39.6
Liberal Arthur Walter James 7,211 20.5
Majority 110 0.3
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 72. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 89. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 112. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 165 (189 in web page)
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ Manchester Evening News 4 Apr 1939
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig