Bury St Edmunds (UK Parliament constituency)
|Bury St Edmunds|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk.
Location of Suffolk within England.
|Population||113,678 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||85,933 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Jo Churchill (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1614–1885: Two
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
Bury St Edmunds is a constituency in Suffolk centred on the town of Bury St Edmunds that elects a Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The electorate has elected Conservative Party candidates at the general elections and two by-elections since the Liberal victory of 1880 however the Labour Party candidate came 368 votes short of winning it in 1997, less than 1% of the vote short.
In terms of election expenses and type of returning officer it has been a county constituency since 1918, before which it was a borough constituency that was created in 1614, returning two MPs to the House of Commons of England until 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and from 1800 to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Its representation was reduced to one seat under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885; it was extended and its type was switched under the Representation of the People Act 1918.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Members of Parliament
- 3 Elections
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes and references
- 6 External links
The constituency contains the towns of Bury St Edmunds, Stowmarket and Needham Market. Its boundaries do not match those of St Edmundsbury borough, which includes Haverhill (part of West Suffolk constituency), and excludes Stowmarket and Needham Market.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Suffolk the Boundary Commission for England recommended minor alterations to the previous constituency arrangement. The new boundaries came into force at the 2010 election.
The electoral wards used in the creation of this seat are:
- From the district of Mid Suffolk: Bacton and Old Newton, Badwell Ash, Elmswell and Norton, Gislingham, Haughley and Wetherden, Needham Market, Onehouse, Rattlesden, Rickinghall and Walsham, Ringshall, Stowmarket Central, Stowmarket North, Stowmarket South, Stowupland, Thurston and Hessett, and Woolpit
- From the district of St Edmundsbury: Abbeygate, Eastgate, Fornham, Great Barton, Horringer and Whelnetham, Minden, Moreton Hall, Northgate, Pakenham, Risbygate, Rougham, St Olaves, Southgate, and Westgate.
Members of Parliament
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1614||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Sir Robert Crane, 1st Baronet|
|1621||Sir Thomas Jermyn||John Woodford|
|1624||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Anthony Crofts|
|1625||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Sir William Spring|
|1626||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Emanuel Gifford|
|1628||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Sir William Hervey|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|1640 April||Sir Thomas Jermyn||John Godbolt|
|1640 November||Thomas Jermyn,
disabled on 14 February 1644
|Henry Jermyn, ennobled 6 Sep 1643 |
|1645||Sir Thomas Barnardiston||Sir William Spring,
excluded in Pride's Purge in 1648
|1653||Bury St Edmunds not represented in Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Samuel Moody||John Clarke|
|1656||Samuel Moody||John Clarke|
|1659||John Clarke||Thomas Chaplin|
|1659 Restored Rump Parliament||Sir Thomas Barnardiston||Sir William Spring, 1st Baronet (died 1654)|
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Bury St Edmunds|
|Labour||William Edwards ||10,514||17.7||+1.1|
|Green||Helen Geake ||4,692||7.9||+3.6|
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||3,581||6.0||-20.4|
|General Election 2010: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||15,519||26.4||+6.7|
It was announced that David Ruffley would be taking sick leave from 22 June 2010 to October 2010, with two neighboring constituency MPs (Matthew Hancock and Daniel Poulter) holding surgeries on his behalf, to allow Ruffley to recover from a period of depression.
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||10,423||19.8||+5.9|
|General Election 2001: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Williams||6,998||13.9||−4.3|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Benwell||580||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal Democrat||David A. Cooper||10,102||18.2||−3.8|
|Referendum Party||Ian C.H. McWhirter||2,939||5.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Ms. Joanna B. Lillis||272||0.5||−0.4|
|General Election 1992: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal Democrat||John B. Williams||13,814||22.0||−0.5|
|Natural Law||Ms. Joanna B. Lillis||550||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Bury St Edmunds|
|Social Democratic||Reginald Harland||12,214||21.5||−6.9|
|Labour||Christopher Louis Greene||9,841||17.3||+4.8|
|Green||Ida Mary Julia Wakelam||1,057||1.9||N/A|
|General Election 1983: Bury St Edmunds|
|Social Democratic||Reginald Harland||14,959||28.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election October 1974: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election February 1974: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election 1970: Bury St Edmunds|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election 1964: Bury St Edmunds|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Bury St Edmunds|
|Labour||A M A Walter||18,768||41.3||-3.6|
|General Election 1955: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election 1951: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election 1950: Bury St Edmunds|
|Liberal||Henry William Sparham||4,780||10.4||-8.6|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Bury St Edmunds 
|Conservative||Geoffrey Benedict Clifton-Brown||15,013||48.7||-7.5|
|Labour||Miss Cecily Alicia McCall||9,195||29.8||n/a|
|Common Wealth||E. C. Gordon England||750||2.4||n/a|
Following the death of Frank Heilgers on 16 January 1944 a by-election was held on 29 February 1944.
|Bury St Edmunds by-election, 1944 
|Conservative||Lt-Col. Edgar Mayne Keatinge||11,705||56.2||n/a|
|Independent Liberal||Margery Irene Corbett Ashby||9,121||43.8||n/a|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Bury St Edmunds|
|General Election 1931: Bury St Edmunds|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Bury St Edmunds
|Unionist||Rt Hon. Walter Edward Guinness||16,462||54.2|
|Liberal||Malcolm Douglas Lyon||11,344||37.4|
|Labour||Cllr Percy Austins||2,490||8.2|
On Guinness's nomination as Minister of Agriculture a by-election in 1925 was required under the electoral law of the time, which he won.
|Bury St Edmunds by-election, 1925
|Unionist||Rt Hon. Walter Edward Guinness||14,700||62.8|
|General Election 1924: Bury St Edmunds
|Unionist||Walter Edward Guinness||16,073||63.0|
|Liberal||John Adam Day||9,392||37.0|
Notes and references
- "Bury St Edmunds: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- The parliamentary or constitutional history of England|||| being a faithful account of all the most remarkable transactions in Parliament, from the earliest times. Collected from the journals of both Houses, the records, ..., Volume 9
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
- A double return was made, Thomas Chaplin and John Clarke were subsequently declared not duly elected.
- At the general election in May 1705, Davers was also returned for Suffolk, for which he chose to sit.
- Hon. Augustus John Hervey was also declared elected in April 1754, he and his uncle Felton having an equal number of votes. This election was declared void. At the subsequent by-election held on 9 Dec 1754, Felton Hervey was returned.
- "Bury St Edmunds 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Bury St Edmunds". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Jo Churchill selected as Bury St Edmunds candidate for next election". ITN. 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
- "UK > England > Eastern > Bury St Edmunds". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- Suffolk MP suffering depression granted sick leave
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bury St Edmunds — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.