Bury St Edmunds (UK Parliament constituency)
|Bury St Edmunds|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk.
Location of Suffolk within England.
|Population||113,678 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||85,933 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jo Churchill (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1614–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Changes proposed for 2022
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 5.18 Elections in the 1840s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 External links
The constituency was created as a Parliamentary Borough in 1614, returning two MPs to the House of Commons of England until 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and from 1800 to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Its representation was reduced to one seat under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, it was abolished as a borough and reconstituted as a division of the Parliamentary County of West Suffolk. As well as the abolished borough, the expanded seat comprised most of the abolished Stowmarket Division, except for the town of Stowmarket itself. From 1950, it has been classified as a county constituency in terms of election expenses and type of returning officer.
The electorate has elected Conservative Party candidates at the general elections and two by-elections since a Liberal victory in 1880. The closest contest since that year was in 1997 when the Labour Party candidate fell 368 votes, less than 1%, short of winning the seat in 1997 during Tony Blair's first landslide result.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Bury St Edmunds, the Urban District of Newmarket, the Rural Districts of Brandon, Mildenhall, and Thedwastre, and parts of the Rural Districts of Moulton and Thingoe.
1950–1983: The Municipal Borough of Bury St Edmunds, the Urban Districts of Haverhill and Newmarket, and the Rural Districts of Clare, Mildenhall, Thedwastre, and Thingoe.
1983–1997: The Borough of St Edmundsbury wards of Abbeygate, Barningham, Barrow, Chevington, Eastgate, Fornham, Great Barton, Honington, Horringer, Ixworth, Northgate, Pakenham, Risby, Risbygate, Rougham, St Olave's, Sextons, Southgate, Stanton, Westgate, and Whelnetham, and the District of Forest Heath.
Southern areas, including Haverhill, transferred to the new County Constituency of South Suffolk. Eastern-most area, equivalent to the former Rural District of Thedwastre, transferred to the new County Constituency of Central Suffolk.
1997–2010: The Borough of St Edmundsbury wards of Abbeygate, Eastgate, Fornham, Great Barton, Horringer Court, Northgate, Pakenham, Risbygate, Rougham, St Olave's, Sextons, Southgate, Westgate, and Whelnetham, and the District of Mid Suffolk wards of Badwell Ash, Elmswell, Gislingham, Haughley and Wetherden, Needham Market, Norton, Onehouse, Rattlesden, Rickinghall, Ringshall, Stowmarket Central, Stowmarket North, Stowmarket South, Stowupland, Thurston, Walsham-le-Willows, and Woolpit.
Major reconfiguration, with the majority of the constituency, including Newmarket, forming the basis of the new County Constituency of West Suffolk. Extended eastwards, gaining western half of Central Suffolk, including Stowmarket.
2010–present: The Borough of St Edmundsbury wards of Abbeygate, Eastgate, Fornham, Great Barton, Horringer and Whelnetham, Minden, Moreton Hall, Northgate, Pakenham, Risbygate, Rougham, St Olave's, Southgate, and Westgate, and the District of Mid Suffolk wards of Bacton and Old Newton, Badwell Ash, Elmswell and Norton, Gislingham, Haughley and Wetherden, Needham Market, Onehouse, Rattlesden, Rickinghall and Walsham, Ringshall, Stowmarket Central, Stowmarket North, Stowmarket South, Stowupland, Thurston and Hessett, and Woolpit.
Marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.
The constituency contains the towns of Bury St Edmunds, Stowmarket and Needham Market. Its boundaries do not match those of the borough of St Edmundsbury, which includes Haverhill (part of West Suffolk constituency), and excludes Stowmarket and Needham Market.
Changes proposed for 2022
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Members of Parliament
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1621||Sir Thomas Jermyn||John Woodford|
|1624||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Anthony Crofts|
|1625||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Sir William Spring|
|1626||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Emanuel Gifford|
|1628||Sir Thomas Jermyn||Sir William Hervey|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|1640 April||Sir Thomas Jermyn||John Godbolt|
|1640 November||Thomas Jermyn,
disabled on 14 February 1644
|Henry Jermyn, ennobled 6 September 1643|
|1645||Sir Thomas Barnardiston||Sir William Spring, |
excluded in Pride's Purge in 1648
|1653||Bury St Edmunds not represented in Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Samuel Moody||John Clarke|
|1656||Samuel Moody||John Clarke|
|1659||John Clarke||Thomas Chaplin|
|1659 Restored Rump Parliament||Sir Thomas Barnardiston||Sir William Spring, 1st Baronet (died 1654)|
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Helen Korfanty||3,565||5.7||-0.3|
Note: Independent (politician) St. Edmundsbury Borough Councillor  and Bury St Edmunds Town Councillor Paul Hopfensperger submitted a valid nomination but this was subsequently withdrawn. Because of the timing of the withdrawal, his name appears in the Statement of Persons Nominated for this election.
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||3,581||6.0||-20.4|
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||15,519||26.4||+6.7|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||David Chappell||10,423||19.8||+5.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Williams||6,998||13.9||−4.3|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Benwell||580||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||David A. Cooper||10,102||18.2||−8.7|
|Referendum||Ian C.H. McWhirter||2,939||5.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Joanna B. Lillis||272||0.5||−0.4|
|Liberal Democrat||John B. Williams||13,814||22.0||−0.5|
|Natural Law||Joanna B. Lillis||550||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Reginald Harland||12,214||21.5||−6.9|
|Social Democratic||Reginald Harland||14,959||28.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||Colin J.V. Seager||23,286||38.8||-7.1|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Colin J.V. Seager||23,140||45.4||+5.2|
|Labour||Noel James Insley||20,216||40.2||-1.1|
|Liberal||Richard L. Afton||4,840||9.6||N/A|
|Labour||Noel James Insley||19,682||43.5||+2.2|
|Liberal||Richard L. Afton||3,387||7.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Alison Margaret A. Walter||18,768||41.3||-3.6|
|Labour||Cecily Alicia McCall||18,430||40.3||+10.5|
|Liberal||Henry William Sparham||4,780||10.4||-8.6|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||Cecily Alicia McCall||9,195||29.8||N/A|
|Liberal||Harold Charles Drayton||5,863||19.0||N/A|
|Common Wealth||Eric Gordon England||750||2.4||N/A|
Following the death of Frank Heilgers on 16 January 1944 a by-election was held on 29 February 1944.
|Independent Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||9,121||43.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
On Guinness's nomination as Minister of Agriculture a by-election in 1925 was required under the electoral law of the time, which he won.
|Liberal||John Adam Day||9,392||36.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Walter Guinness
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||Walter Baldwyn Yates||741||31.2||−10.2|
|Liberal||Walter Baldwyn Yates||1,047||41.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||John Eustace Jameson||863||40.5||−0.8|
Elections in the 1880s
|Turnout||1,960 (est)||92.4 (est)||+7.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||−0.7|
Elections in the 1870s
|Turnout||1,627 (est)||84.8 (est)||−5.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.8|
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||1,362 (est)||90.5 (est)||+4.5|
|Turnout||582 (est)||86.0 (est)||+13.4|
Elections in the 1850s
|Turnout||505 (est)||72.6 (est)||+6.4|
|Peelite gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.3|
|Peelite gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Hervey's succession to the peerage, becoming 2nd Marquess of Bristol
|Turnout||465 (est)||66.2 (est)||−10.7|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.4|
- Caused by Stuart's resignation after being appointed a Vice-Chancellor of the Court of Chancery.
|Turnout||570 (est)||76.9 (est)||+11.6|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+2.3|
Elections in the 1840s
|Turnout||491 (est)||65.3 (est)||−20.5|
|Whig||Rowland Gardiner Alston||256||21.2|
- Caused by Hervey's appointment as Treasurer of the Household
Notes and references
- "Bury St Edmunds: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents September 2018 (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 15 February 2019.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "General Index to the Twenty-three Volumes of The Parliamentary Or Constitutional History of England". Printed; and sold by Thomas Osborne, ... and William Sandby. 12 October 2017 – via Google Books.
- Hervey, Arthur Charles (12 October 2017). "A Paper Read Before the Archaeological Institute of Suffolk, at Their Meeting Held at Ickworth, October 2nd, 1856". S. Tymms – via Google Books.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
- A double return was made, Thomas Chaplin and John Clarke were subsequently declared not duly elected.
- At the general election in May 1705, Davers was also returned for Suffolk, for which he chose to sit.
- Hon. Augustus John Hervey was also declared elected in April 1754, he and his uncle Felton having an equal number of votes. This election was declared void. At the subsequent by-election held on 9 December 1754, Felton Hervey was returned.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 53–55. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 92. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- Ollivier, John (1841). "Alphabetical List of the House of Commons". Ollivier's parliamentary and political director. p. 38. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Political". Norfolk News. 10 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Reference: D/B 5 Pb1/1". Essex Record Office. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Neighbouring Counties". Norfolk News. 7 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Gardeners Chronicle & New Horticulturist, Volume 7. Haymarket Publishing. 1847. p. 233. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Bury St Edmunds". Beacon and Christian Times. 13 April 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- Gash, Norman (2013). Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation, 1830–1850. Faber & Faber. p. 386. ISBN 9780571302901. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "207 Lord Alfred Hervey". Clarke Chronicler's Politicians. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- https://archive.org/stream/publicgeneralac01walegoog#page/n131/mode/2up Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Second Schedule; Statutes of the Realm, Eyre & Spottiswoode (1884, London) at p. 123
- "Bury St Edmunds 1660-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Bury St Edmunds parliamentary constituency – Election 2017". BBC.
- Geater, Paul. "Election 2017: Find out who is standing in the general election in Suffolk and north Essex".
- "Councillor details – St Edmundsbury Borough Councillor Paul Hopfensperger". 12 October 2017.
- "Councillor details – Bury St Edmunds Town Councillor Paul Hopfensperger". 12 October 2017.
- "Councillor Paul Hopfensperger - Official Website".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Bury St Edmunds". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Jo Churchill selected as Bury St Edmunds candidate for next election". ITN. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Director selected as Tory candidate". BBC. 4 November 2014.
- "UK > England > Eastern > Bury St Edmunds". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- "The Bury St Edmunds Election". Grantham Journal. 31 August 1907. Retrieved 5 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885–1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Bury St. Edmunds". Diss Express. 4 June 1875. p. 5. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bury St. Edmunds". Evening Mail. 14 July 1865. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 31 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hertford Mercury and Reformer". 5 June 1841. p. 2. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bury St Edmunds – presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.