Burzil Pass

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Burzil Pass
Burzil Pass, Kashmir.jpg
Burzil Pass
Elevation4,100 m (13,451 ft)
LocationPakistan
RangeHimalaya Range
Coordinates34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°E / 34.90000; 75.10000Coordinates: 34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°E / 34.90000; 75.10000[1]

The Burzil Pass (el. 4,100 m (13,500 ft))[2] is an ancient pass in northern India, and is part of the historic caravan route between Srinagar and Gilgit. The pass lies close to the Line of Control demarcating India and Pakistan, which has since closed the Burzil. The crest of the pass is wide and covered in summer with alpine grass vegetation.[citation needed] The Astor river originates from western slopes of the pass.[3]

It is the oldest route connecting Gilgit with Srinagar and Skardu through Deosai Plateau. The travellers used horses and ponies to cross the pass. At the beginning of the 20th century a hut of post couriers was situated on the crest of the pass. They brought mail from India to China.[4]

Gilgit is some 367 km (228 mi)[2] from Srinagar by road over the Burzil Pass above the northern banks of Wular Lake and Gurez.[5]

From Astore to Burzil Pass Road the following main places are in the route: Gorikot, Astore River Bridge, Maikaal, Dad Khiran, and Chilam Chowki.

References[edit]

  1. ^ GeoNames.org. "Burzil Pass".
  2. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Provincial Series: Kashmir and Jammu (facsimile reprint). Adamant Media Corporation (original: Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta). 4 July 2001 [1909]. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-543-91776-8. Retrieved 2009-08-10.
  3. ^ Sultana, K.; Muqarrab Shah; T.M.Upson (2007). "Altitudinal Distribution of Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of Deosai Plateau: Pakistan". The Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 6 (11): 2518. ISSN 1579-4377. Archived from the original on 2009-12-18. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  4. ^ "The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu, Chapter on the Western Regions from Hou Hanshu 88, The Kingdom of Wuyishanli 烏弋山離 (Kandahar, including Arachosia and Drangiana), 2nd ed". John Hill (translation, notes, appendices). September 2003.
  5. ^ Bamzai, P.N.K. (1994). Culture and political history of Kashmir. 1. Ancient Kashmir. M D Publications. p. 9. ISBN 978-81-85880-31-0. Retrieved 2009-08-10.