|Busch Stadium III|
|Address||700 Clark Ave|
|Location||St. Louis, Missouri|
|Public transit||Metrolink: Stadium|
|Owner||St. Louis Cardinals|
|Operator||St. Louis Cardinals|
46,861 (with standing room)
|Record attendance||Soccer (also all-time): 48,263 Chelsea F.C. vs Manchester City F.C. (3-4)
Baseball: 47,925 (May 14, 2017) Cardinals vs Cubs
Hockey: 46,556 (January 2, 2017) St. Louis Blues vs Chicago Blackhawks: 2017 Winter Classic
|Field size||Left Field — 336 feet (102 m)
Left Center Field — 375 feet (114 m)
Center Field — 400 feet (122 m)
Right Center Field — 375 feet (114 m)
Right Field — 335 feet (102 m)
|Broke ground||January 17, 2004|
|Opened||April 4, 2006MiLB exhibition)
April 10, 2006 (MLB)
|Construction cost||$365 million
($434 million in 2016 dollars)
Kennedy Associates/Architects Inc.
|Project manager||Clayco Corp.|
|Structural engineer||Bliss & Nyitray, Inc|
|Services engineer||M-E Engineers, Inc.|
|St. Louis Cardinals (MLB) (2006–present)|
Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, and the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has a seating capacity of 45,529, and contains 3,706 club seats and 61 luxury suites. It replaced Busch Memorial Stadium (aka Busch Stadium II) and occupies a portion of that stadium's former footprint. A commercial area, dubbed Ballpark Village, was built adjacent to the stadium over the remainder of the former stadium's footprint.
The stadium opened on April 4, 2006 with an exhibition between the minor league Memphis Redbirds and Springfield Cardinals, both affiliates of the St. Louis Cardinals, which Springfield won 5-3 with right-hander Mike Parisi recording the first win. The first official major league game occurred on April 10, 2006 as the Cardinals defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 6–4 behind an Albert Pujols home run and winning pitcher Mark Mulder.
The highest attendance for a sports event was on May 23, 2013, when 48,263 people watched Chelsea Football Club and Manchester City Football Club play a friendly match. To date, the largest attendance for a baseball game occurred May 13, 2017 with an attendance of 47,882 in a game between the Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs.
The stadium is the third stadium in St. Louis to carry the name Busch Stadium. Sportsman's Park was renamed Busch Stadium in 1953, after team owner Gussie Busch. The first Busch Stadium closed in 1966 and both the baseball Cardinals, and the National Football League (NFL)'s team of the same name (now the Arizona Cardinals) moved to a new multi-purpose stadium, named Busch Memorial Stadium. However, the current stadium is actually a corporate name and named after Anheuser-Busch, not Gussie Busch. The naming rights deal was signed in 2004 and would extend from the stadium's opening in 2006 until 2026.
- 1 History
- 2 Notable baseball events
- 3 Other sports
- 4 Concerts
- 5 Features
- 6 Regular season home attendance
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In 1995, St. Louis Cardinals team ownership began to lobby for a new ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but the team was unable to acquire funding for the project for several years. In June 2001, the Missouri state government signed a contract with the team, proposing a ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but a subsequent funding bill was struck down in May 2002, leaving the saga open. Team owners sought a location near Madison, Illinois, adjacent to Gateway International Raceway, until the city of St. Louis drafted a financing plan for the team to construct the new stadium in downtown St. Louis. The stadium was financed through private bonds, bank loans, a long-term loan from St. Louis County, and money from the team owners. The development, including the Ballpark Village was projected to cost approximately $665 million with the stadium alone costing $365 million.
Construction and opening
New Busch Stadium was designed by Populous (then known as HOK Sport) and built by Hunt Construction with an estimated cost of $344.8 million, which proved too low by $20.2 million to its final cost of $365 million. Populous' senior project designer for Busch Stadium was Jim Chibnall, who was also the lead designer of Progressive Field in Cleveland, Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, Sydney Olympic Stadium and other notable stadiums throughout the world.
The field level (16,880 seats), terrace level (9,150), and bleachers (3,661) were completed in time for opening day, with total capacity on that day of 37,962, not including up to 2,751 standing room tickets. An integrated LED video and scoring system from Daktronics was installed in the stadium prior to its opening, featuring a video display measuring 32 feet high by 52 feet wide and three message displays, as well as more than 100 feet of digital ribbon board technology.
Construction on the seating area was completed in late May increasing the capacity for the May 29, 2006 game vs the Houston Astros with finishing touches performed throughout the year. Including all 2,886 standing-room-only tickets for the general public and the suites and party rooms, the stadium's total capacity is 46,861. Natural grass turf was installed in March 2006.
Notable baseball events
In the stadium's debut season every Cardinal game was sold out, giving a total attendance of 3,407,104 for the season, the second-largest in team history, but since surpassed in both 2007 and 2008.
In the first season of the new stadium, the Cardinals beat the Detroit Tigers in 5 games to capture their 10th World Series title.
Busch Stadium hosted only one postseason game in 2009, a 5–1 loss versus the Los Angeles Dodgers on October 10, to complete a sweep of the Cardinals.
In 2011, Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games in the National League Division Series versus the Philadelphia Phillies. On October 4, the Phillies won 3–2, to take a 2–1 game lead over the Cardinals. The next night, the 5th, the Cardinals beat the Phillies 5–3 to tie the series at 2 games apiece. In the NLCS versus the Milwaukee Brewers, the Cardinals won 2 of the three games they played at home (Games 3, 4, 5). The Cards ended up winning the series on the road in Milwaukee to advance to the World Series. (This was the second time the Cardinals had defeated the Brewers in a postseason series, the first being the 1982 World Series, when Milwaukee was represented as an American League team; the Brewers switched over to the National League in 1998.)
Because the National League had won the 2011 MLB All-Star Game, home field advantage went to the Cardinals as the National League champions, thus allowing the team to host the Texas Rangers for Games 1, 2, 6 and 7. Game 1 was won by the Cardinals on October 19, along with Game 6 on October 27, in a game won in walk-off fashion by a David Freese home run, then the deciding Game 7, which was taken by the Cardinals in a 6-2 final, giving the team the 2011 World Series title.
Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games vs. the Washington Nationals in the 2012 National League Division Series. The two teams split the two games at Busch, before the Cardinals won two of the next three games at Nationals Park. The Cardinals then won the first two home games against the San Francisco Giants to take a 3–1 series lead, but lost Game 5 and went on to lose the series in Game 7 at AT&T Park.
The Cardinals hosted nine postseason games at Busch Stadium in 2013. In the National League Division Series, they won Games 1 and 5 against the Pittsburgh Pirates, with the latter game capping off a series comeback after trailing 2–1. They would win every home game of the NLCS against the Dodgers, including a 9–0 shutout win in Game 6 to take the series 4–2. In the World Series, the Cardinals hosted Games 3–5 against the Boston Red Sox. Game 3 on October 26 ended in an obstruction call when Allen Craig was impeded by Will Middlebrooks at third base, thus awarding him a run after umpire Jim Joyce ruled obstruction on the play. The next night Game 4 ended on a successful pickoff by Koji Uehara on pinch-runner Kolten Wong at first base. The Cardinals led 2–1 after the controversial Game 3 win, but proceeded to lose the next three games to lose the series 4–2.
The Cardinals played two games in Busch Stadium against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League Division Series. The first two games of the Series were played at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, and the teams each won a game there. The Series then moved to Busch Stadium, and the Cardinals won the next two games, to win the Series 3-1 and advance to the National League Championship Series.
The Cardinals opened the National League Championship Series at Busch Stadium on October 11, 2014, against the San Francisco Giants. The teams split games 1 and 2 played at Busch Stadium, and the Series moved to AT&T Park in San Francisco. The Giants won games 3, 4, and 5 in their home ballpark, to defeat the Cardinals in the NLCS 4-1, and move on to an appearance in the 2014 World Series against the Kansas City Royals.
The Cardinals hosted two postseason games at Busch Stadium in 2015. In the National League Division Series, they won game 1 on October 9, 2015, but lost game 2 against the Chicago Cubs. The Cardinals then lost games 3 and 4 to the Cubs at Wrigley Field to lose the series 3-1.
MLB All-Star Game
The stadium hosted the 2009 Major League Baseball All-Star Game on July 14, 2009. The American League defeated the National League in that game, 4-3. Tampa Bay Rays outfielder Carl Crawford won MVP. President Barack Obama threw out the ceremonial first pitch wearing a Chicago White Sox jacket.
College and high school baseball
The Cardinals have allowed local high school teams to play each other on the field following select weekend afternoon games. So far, the only home run hit by a high school student was on May 7, 2011 by Johnny Wilson of Marquette Catholic High School against Farmington High School.
Busch Stadium hosted a friendly on May 23, 2013 between Manchester City and Chelsea of the English Premier League. Tickets for the match sold out within 20 minutes of going on sale, and Manchester City won 4-3 in front of an enthusiastic standing-room crowd of 48,263, to date the largest attendance at a sporting event at the stadium.
Later that year on November 18, Busch hosted a friendly between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Argentina; before a crowd of more than 30,000, many of which were members of St. Louis' large Bosniak community, Argentina beat Bosnia 2-0, with Sergio Agüero scoring both goals.
On November 13, 2015 the United States Men's National Soccer Team defeated St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6-1 in the first match of the fourth round of qualifiers for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in front of a crowd of 43,433.
|Date||Winning Team||Result||Losing Team||Tournament||Spectators|
|May 23, 2013||Manchester City||4–3||Chelsea||Club Friendly||48,263|
|November 18, 2013||Argentina||2–0||Bosnia and Herzegovina||International Friendly||30,000+|
|April 4, 2015||United States women||4–0||New Zealand women||Women's International Friendly||35,000+|
|November 13, 2015||United States||6–1||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||2018 FIFA World Cup qualification||43,433|
|August 1, 2016||Roma||2–1||Liverpool||Club Friendly||29,000|
On March 9, 2016, the National Hockey League announced that the St. Louis Blues, for the first time in their 50-year history, would host an outdoor game. The 2017 NHL Winter Classic was held at Busch Stadium on January 2, 2017. The Blues won the game by a score of 4–1 against the Chicago Blackhawks. Despite thick fog and spotty rain, Busch Stadium sold out to a crowd of 46,556 St. Louis hockey fans.
|Date||Artist||Opening act(s)||Tour / Concert name||Attendance||Revenue||Notes|
|June 7, 2008||Dave Matthews Band||The Black Crowes||N/A||35,000||N/A||This show was recorded and later released as a live album, entitled Live Trax Vol. 13.|
|June 24, 2010||The Eagles||Dixie Chicks||Long Road Out of Eden Tour||25,904 / 35,318||$2,151,706|||
|July 17, 2011||U2||Interpol||360° Tour||52,273 / 52,273||$4,423,395|||
|August 13, 2016||Paul McCartney||N/A||One on One tour||43,428 / 43,428||$4,657,982|
|June 4, 2017||Metallica||Volbeat||WorldWired Tour||38,778 / 41,246||$4,633,807|
Whereas the previous stadium was enclosed on all sides in the "cookie-cutter" style very similar to Riverfront, Veterans, Three Rivers and Atlanta-Fulton County stadiums, the new stadium is similar to the many other Populous designed "retro-classic" fields. Like all those, it offers a panoramic view of the downtown skyline.
The Gate 3 entrance on the west side of the stadium is most iconic, with a large "bridge" resembling the Eads Bridge arching over the entrance. The exterior of the stadium contains historical plaques of Cardinals logos, the STL insignia and a Busch Stadium logo behind home plate.
After complaints from fans that not all out-of-town games could be placed on the Daktronics out-of-town scoreboard at one time, following the inaugural season a number of advertisement panels were removed to expand the scoreboard and also create a secondary video board. In 2016, the entire original scoreboard and fascia-board system was replaced, creating two full HD video boards: the main board, which took up the entire area of the original scoreboard and video board, measures 4,800 sq ft (40 ft x 120 ft), with the out-of-town scoreboard measuring 3,280 sq ft (40 x 81 ft).
Outside the Gate 3 entrance stands a bronze statue of Cardinals legend Stan "The Man" Musial. Other Cardinals statues that previously surrounded Busch Memorial Stadium are now displayed at the corner of Clark and 8th streets, outside the Cardinals' team store. The statues are of former Cardinal players and Hall of Fame inductees Enos Slaughter, Dizzy Dean, Rogers Hornsby, Red Schoendienst, Lou Brock, Bob Gibson and Ozzie Smith; former St. Louis Browns player and Hall of Fame inductee George Sisler; former Negro league St. Louis Stars player and Hall of Fame inductee Cool Papa Bell; and former Cardinals radio broadcaster and Hall of Fame honoree Jack Buck.
Fans at the stadium have access to a large amount of food and drink options, ranging from standard ballpark fare like bratwurst, nachos and peanuts to St Louis-area favorites such as pork steak sandwiches and toasted ravioli. Budweiser holds the beer contract for the stadium as one would expect, but local craft breweries such as Saint Louis Brewery, Urban Chestnut, and 4 Hands all are available at multiple outlets. Tickets for multiple all-inclusive areas are sold on a single game basis, with amenities running the gamut from the ritzy Champions Club (offering a multiple-course buffet, large screen televisions, a chance to get on television or radio as a broadcast booth is located inside the club, and a full bar) to the more family-oriented Scoreboard Patio (with table seating for four in center field and a cookout-style selection of food). Cardinal management also allows outside food and drink (including soft-sided drink coolers); as a result, it is not uncommon to see vendors selling discounted bags of peanuts and bottles of soda and water, or even scalpers including a box of Cracker Jack with tickets.
After St. Louis Post-Dispatch sportswriter Rick Hummel was honored with the J. G. Taylor Spink Award and induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007, the Cardinals renamed the stadium's press box the "Bob Broeg-Rick Hummel Press Box", honoring the two local writers enshrined in Cooperstown.
Ballpark Village is a multi-phase residential and entertainment complex located on the site of the former Busch Memorial Stadium across the street from the new ballpark. Despite several years of delays, groundbreaking occurred in February 2013 and the first phase was completed in time for Opening Day 2014.
During a weather incident during a July 2006 game vs the Atlanta Braves, portable concession stands were knocked over, the infield rain tarp was damaged, and plastic sheets used to protect the press box were dislodged. As a result of the storm at least 30 spectators were injured, of whom five were taken to the hospital. After the storm happened, the stadium designated shelter areas for such disasters which are located throughout the ballpark.
Regular season home attendance
- Muret, Don (April 17, 2006). "Another round of Busch for St. Louis". SportsBusiness Journal. Street & Smith's.
- Bausch, Mark; Orf, Tom; Schott, Tom (March 1, 2017). 2017 St. Louis Cardinals Official Media Guide. Major League Baseball Advanced Media. p. 432.
- Kronheim, David P. (June 1, 2016). "Major League Baseball 2015 Attendance Analysis" (PDF). Number Tamer. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- Kronheim, David P. (June 8, 2014). "Major League Baseball 2013 Attendance Analysis" (PDF). Number Tamer. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- "Cardinals make 65,000 additional tickets available" St. Louis Cardinals Press Release, April 28, 2006.
- "St. Louis Cardinals on Twitter".
- Goold, Derrick (May 13, 2017). "Cardinals burn Cubs in front of record crowd at Busch". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- Busch Stadium Facts MLB.com
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- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Busch Stadium - KAI Design & Build".
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- "Projects: Srofessional Sports Stadiums". me-engineers.com. M-E Engineers, Inc. 2006. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
- "Kwame Building Group - St. Louis Cardinals Busch Stadium".
- CBSSports.com, PHOTO: Busch Stadium as a soccer venue, May 24, 2013, http://www.cbssports.com/mlb/blog/eye-on-baseball/22295758/photo-busch-stadium-as-a-soccer-venue
- Anheuser-Busch Buys Cardinals Stadium Naming Rights
- Ballparks of Baseball article regarding funding and construction of the stadium
- "New plan calls for $333 million stadium, plus Ballpark Village complex," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 25, 2002
- "Cardinals looking at site near Gateway Raceway," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 16, 2002
- Bonetti, David (April 6, 2006). "Q&A With The Architect: 'It's Not Totally Retro'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
- "New Busch Stadium: Baseball Chronology". BaseballChronology.com. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- "Article: Daktronics Announces 2006 Major League and Minor League Baseball Projects".
- "Cards lose, Become NL Central Champ With Worst Record". ESPN. Retrieved October 1, 2006.
- "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance Records". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- l "English Premier League soccer coming to Busch" Check
|url=value (help). stltoday.com. March 29, 2013.
- Daily Mail Online, Hottest ticket in St Louis! City v Chelsea's post-season friendly sells out in 20 minutes, April 3, 2013, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-2303572/Chelsea-Manchester-City-USA-friendly-sells-20-minutes.html
- CBS St. Louis, Manchester City Tops Chelsea in Busch Stadium Thriller, May 23, 2013, http://stlouis.cbslocal.com/2013/05/23/manchester-city-tops-chelsea-in-busch-stadium-thriller/
- "Winter Classic Comes to St. Louis in 2017: Busch Stadium will serve as host to Blues / Blackhawks game on Jan. 2, 2017". NHL.com. March 9, 2016.
- Johnson, Kevin C. (June 25, 2010). "Eagles Deliver Timeless Tunes at Busch Stadium". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- Johnson, Kevin C. (November 1, 2010). "U2 Bringing 360° Tour to Busch Stadium". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- "Cardinals adding giant HD video board to Busch Stadium". January 7, 2016.
- Storm damages Busch Stadium; Cards-Braves delayed from ESPN.com
- "Busch Stadium Wiki Information". StubPass.com. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- "When Foul Balls Become Lethal Projectiles, Fans Are Mostly Unprotected". International Herald Tribune. April 20, 2008. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance, Stadiums, and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Busch Stadium.|
|Events and tenants|
Busch Memorial Stadium
|Home of the
St. Louis Cardinals
2006 – present
|Host of the
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Angel Stadium of Anaheim
|Host of the
NHL Winter Classic