Buses in Prague
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Bus services in Prague are provided by a number of transport operators, the chief of which is Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy, a.s. (the Prague Capital City Transport Company). Almost all city and suburban buses (as well as the city's metro and tramway lines, the Vltava ferries, and a funicular railway) are run as part of the Pražská integrovaná doprava (PID – Prague Integrated Transport) network, under the management of the regional organizing agency ROPID.
The first buses in Prague were operated experimentally in 1908 in the Malá Strana district, but the unreliable technology at the time led to the trial service being declared a failure after 20 months. Regular services did not begin again until 20 June 1925, but have been in continuous operation ever since that date.
In the 1990s and 2000s, the metropolitan system was expanded and integrated with suburban transport as Prague Integrated Transport (PID), although a few areas remain outside this system.
Buses fulfil many different roles in Prague's public transport system. Many lines serve as connections between the metro, tram, and rail systems and outlying residential areas. There are also plans to gradually introduce trunk services, similar to Latin America's bus rapid transit systems.
Main terminals of metropolitan buses are near metro stations: Černý Most, Zličín, Háje, Letňany, Nové Butovice, Želivského, Českomoravská, Kačerov, Budějovická, Depo Hostivař, Dejvická, Na Knížecí (Anděl), Skalka, Palmovka, Nádraží Holešovice, Florenc etc. Some suburban and long-distance buses stop at these stations. The main stations of long-distance buses are Florenc, Černý Most and Zličín.
Since 2008, ROPID is implementing a plan to differentiate rachial lines with small intervals and articulated buses. Some telematic systems are widely implemented (GPS monitoring, traffic signal preference).
Bus lines belonging to the PID system are numbered within number series:
- 100-250: daytime city routes (for technical reasons, route 100 is operationally numbered internally as route 299)
- 251-275: school routes
- 300-398: daytime suburban routes
- 421-499 and 601-671: daytime regional routes (outside the city centre)
- 901-915: nighttime city routes
- 951-960: nighttime suburban routes
- special bus routes for disabled persons: marked with a wheelchair symbol and the numbers 1, 2, 3 (also H1, formerly H2 and H3, internally numbered as 799 (H1), 798 (H3) and 797 (H2).
- letter X with number of tram line (X-9, X22) or metro line letter (X-A, XC) are used for occasional substitute lines. Internally numbered in the 800 series (809, 822...). Some substitute lines are numbered in 700 series.
- AE: Airport Express (internally 790)
- 700 series: some temporary local lines with non-standard financing (financed not by the city itself but by city districts etc.)
Outside the PID system:
- 700 series: special lines (transport to trade fairs, football matches etc.)
- shopping lines: marked in different ways (logos, letters, shop names etc. – IKEA, IKEA2, GLOBUS, OCL, T, E, S, C, O, BBC, OUTLET), all free of charge
- ZOO line with symbolic fare
- suburban lines of SID (Středočeská integrovaná doprava, Central Bohemian Integrated Transport) organized by Central Bohemian Region. Several attempts to integrate PID and SID are so far unsuccessful. Marked with combinations of one letter and two digits, e. g. D97.
- other lines outside integrated systems, mostly intercity and long-distance public lines, with small importance to city transport
- non-public (special) lines (for workers, handicapped etc.)
- Dopravní podnik hl. m. Prahy a. s. (DPP), most of metropolitan PID lines and several tens of suburban PID lines. DPP has 5 big bus depots in Prague: Klíčov (Prosek), Vršovice (Michle), Kačerov (Michle), Hostivař (Malešice), Řepy (Řepy)
- Arriva Transport Česká republika, a. s.: ca 9 metropolitan PID lines and 50 suburban PID lines, some SID lines and non-integrated lines. The main bus depot is in Vršovice.
- ČSAD Střední Čechy, a. s.: 31 suburban PID lines
- ČSAD POLKOST, spol. s r. o.: metropolitan PID line No. 232 and 11 suburban PID lines
- ČSAD MHD Kladno, a. s.: 9 suburban PID lines and several suburban SID lines
- Martin Uher, spol. s r. o.: 6 suburban PID lines
- STENBUS s. r. o.: metropolitan lines 269, 263, 206, 562, 564
- ABOUT ME s. r. o.: minibus metropolitan lines 295, 296, 297, H2
- Jaroslav Štěpánek: metropolitan PID lines 110 and 557, suburban PID line 302
- PROBO BUS a. s. (Abellio Group): 5 suburban PID lines
- Okresní autobusová doprava Kolín, s. r. o.: 2 suburban lines to Prague (and 14 regional lines PID in Kolín District)
- Hotliner s. r. o. and Cityliner s. r. o.: some shopping lines outside PID and some occasional tram-substitute lines
- Libor Valenta: several shopping lines of Tesco Letňany (outside PID)
- CEDAZ s. r. o.: shuttle microbuses to the airport, outside PID
- ČSAD Benešov a. s.: shopping line OUTLET Štěrboholy, outside PID
- many other operators of SID system and non-integrated suburban and long-distance lines
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buses in Prague.|
- Integrated Transport: The Future of Light Rail and Modern Trams in the United Kingdom; Tenth Report of Session 2004-05. HC (Series) (Great Britain. Parliament (Session 2004-05). House of Commons). Stationery Office. 2005. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-215-02573-9. Retrieved January 30, 2017.