The Bush–Holley House
|Location||39 Strickland Road, Greenwich, Connecticut|
|Architectural style||Other, Colonial|
|Part of||Strickland Road Historic District (#77001625)|
|NRHP reference #||88002694|
|Added to NRHP||December 1, 1988|
|Designated NHL||July 17, 1991|
|Designated CP||March 22, 1990|
The Bush–Holley House is a National Historic Landmark and historic house museum at 39 Strickland Road in the Cos Cob section of Greenwich, Connecticut. It was constructed circa 1730 and in the late nineteenth century was a boarding house and the center of the Cos Cob Art Colony, Connecticut’s first art colony. From 1890 to 1920, the house was a gathering place for artists, writers and editors, and scores of art students came to study with leading American Impressionists John Henry Twachtman, J. Alden Weir, Theodore Robinson, and Childe Hassam. It is currently operated as a historic site by the Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, and is open for tours.
History of the Bush and Holley families
Bush–Holley House was built in stages beginning 1728–1730, with a one-room, two-story structure on a hilltop overlooking the harbor; the main "salt box" house was completed a few years later. In 1738, Justus Bush (originally Bosch), a Dutch Greenwich farmer, purchased the house but did not occupy it. His son David Bush (b. 1733) inherited the house and from 1755 to 1777, made significant changes to it, including joining the two buildings to create an entrance hall, adding wood panelling to the parlor and parlor chamber, and attaching an outbuilding to create the "back kitchen" wing.
In 1777 a widowed David Bush married his sister-in-law, Sarah Scudder Isaacs (b. 1742), adding five of her six children to his five, and fathering five more before his death in 1797. His household also included 10 enslaved adults and children, making him the largest slave-owner in town. David Bush's son, Justus Luke Bush, inherited the home and bought out his brother Ralph Isaac Bush's share of his father's estate.
The Holleys and MacRaes
The Bush–Holley House passed out of the Bush family in 1848 into the hands of Josephine and Edward Holley. The Holleys added new windows and a second-story porch, and in 1882 began operating it as a place of lodging for visiting artists and writers. In the summer of 1896, Elmer Livingston MacRae visited Cos Cob for a class in outdoor painting. While there, he fell in love with Emma Constant Holley, daughter of Josephine and Edward. MacRae moved into the house full-time in 1899, and married Emma on October 17, 1900. She gave birth to twin girls, Constant and Clarissa, on October 31, 1904.
MacRae succeeded John Henry Twachtman as head of the Cos Cob Art Colony, and for two decades Elmer and Emma continued to run the boardinghouse, which also served as a studio and showcase for MacRae’s works.
Bush–Holley Historic Site
The Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich purchased the house in 1957 from the widowed Constant Holley MacRae and first opened it as a museum in 1958. The main house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988, and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1991.
Guided tours of Bush–Holley House feature historic interiors related to the Bush and Holley families and an American Impressionist art collection. The William Hegarty Gallery presents historically and artistically significant exhibitions curated by foremost authorities on art and history. Exhibits focus on the art and artists of the Cos Cob art colony, museum collections and aspects of Greenwich history.
- List of the oldest buildings in Connecticut
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Bush–Holley House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- "History of Bush–Holley House". Greenwich Historical Society. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Shipp, Steve. American art colonies, 1850-1930: a historical guide to America's original art colonies and their artists. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. pp. 20–21.
- "MacRae -- Holly". The New York Times. October 17, 1900. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Elmer McRae's Studio". Cos Cob Art Colony. Greenwich Historical Society. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Elmer L. MacRae". The Cooley Gallery. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Barrett, Susan VP (June 1, 2011). "In our Own Backyard: Elmer Livingston MacRae, Greenwich's Own Artist". The Weekly Spotlight, from Abby M. Taylor Fine Art LLC. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Jack A. Gold and John Herzan (May 1988). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Bush–Holley House". National Park Service. and Accompanying photos
- Jan Cunningham (August 27, 1990). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Bush–Holley House". National Park Service. and Accompanying 6 photos, exterior and interior, from 1990
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. CT-279, "Bush–Holley House, 39 Strickland Road, Cos Cob, Fairfield County, CT", 17 photos, 18 measured drawings, 12 data pages