Bush Pioneer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bush Pioneers are people who gathered $100,000 for George W. Bush's 2000 or 2004 presidential campaign. Two new levels, Bush Rangers and Super Rangers, were bestowed upon supporters who gathered $200,000+ or $300,000+, respectively, for the 2004 campaign, after the 2002 McCain–Feingold campaign finance law raised hard money contribution limits. This was done through the practice of "bundling" contributions. [1] There were 221 Rangers and 327 Pioneers in the 2004 campaign and 241 Pioneers in the 2000 campaign (550 pledged to try).[1] A fourth level, Bush Mavericks, was used to identify fundraisers under 40 years of age who bundled more than $50,000. [2]

The Pioneer system was devised by Karl Rove. The network has roots in Texan GOP donor lists compiled by Rove, whose political roots are in direct-mail solicitation in the 1980s.[3]

Nineteen of the original Pioneers became ambassadors in 2001. Six Pioneers have been convicted of politics-related crimes.

Pioneers were involved in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. An analysis in 2006 found that 12 were supporting Rudy Giuliani, 21 supporting John McCain, and 16 supporting Mitt Romney.[4] A July 2008 report found fewer than half of the 2004 Pioneers and Rangers had yet contributed their own money to McCain.[5][6]

Prominent Pioneers, Rangers and Mavericks[edit]


  1. ^ a b Jim Drinkard and Laurence McQuillan (2003-10-16). "'Bundling' contributions pays for Bush campaign". USA Today. 
  2. ^ John Cheves (2004-08-28). "Raising $50,000 for Bush makes 23 year old a seasoned political player". Lexington Herald-Leader (via Texans for Public Justice). [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Charles Laurence (2003-06-15). "Bush's Rangers on trail to round up record $200m". Telegraph. 
  4. ^ Chris Cillizza (2006-12-11). "2008 Whale List Grows". The Fix, Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. 
  5. ^ Mooney, Brian C. (2008-07-01). "Bush base yet to rush to donate to McCain: Funding woes tied to candidate's stances, GOP standing in polls". The Boston Globe. 
  6. ^ Noah, Timothy (2008-07-01). "John McCain, Prisoner of Cash: How GOP fat cats will bring a Republican maverick to heel". Slate. 
  7. ^ Richard Wolffe and Holly Bailey (2005-01-12). "The Oval: Partying at the Inauguration". Newsweek. 
  8. ^ Clint Johnson (2004-07-22). "Texas' 4th-richest man appointed Regent". The Daily Texan. Archived from the original on 2004-08-13. 

External links[edit]