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Bushahr State
Princely State of British India
Punjab-Districts 1911.png
Bushahr in a map of Punjab, 1911
CapitalRampur Bushahr (Last)
• 1941
8,907 km2 (3,439 sq mi)
• 1941
• Established
Succeeded by

Bushahr, also spelt as 'Bashahr' and 'Bussahir' or 'Bushair' was a Rajput princely state in India during the British Raj. It was located in the hilly western Himalaya promontory bordering Tibet in the northern part of colonial Punjab region.

The territory of this former state is now part of Kinnaur and Shimla districts of the present Himachal Pradesh state. The erstwhile Bushahr state was traversed by the Sutlej river. It was bordered on the west by the Kulu, Lahaul and Spiti states and by Tehri Garhwal on the east. It had an area of 8,907 km2 (3,439 sq mi).


Map of the Bushahr state, 1911
Bushahr and Tehri Garhwal shown in yellow in an 1863 map of Eastern Punjab

The erstwhile Bushahr state was occupied by a Gorkha king from central Nepal from 1803 to 1815. Ranjit Singh, the ruler of the Sikh state in the Punjab, intervened in 1809 and drove the Nepalese army east of the Satluj river. A rivalry between Nepal and the British East India Company over the annexation of minor states bordering Nepal eventually led to the Anglo-Nepalese War (1815–16) or the Gurkha War. Both parties eventually signed the Treaty of Sugauli, following which the Gurkhas were expelled from Kamru, the capital of Bushahr.[citation needed]

In 1898, Bushahr state was taken over by the British administration, although the Râja remained nominally in charge.[1] After British occupation, the Bushahr state was by far the largest of the 28 Simla Hills States.[citation needed] There was a tax revolt by Bushahr's peasants in 1906.[1]

Heads of State[edit]

The original seat of the rulers of the erstwhile Bushahr state was at the Kamru Fort, in the village of Kamru at the banks of the Baspa River at Sangla in Kinnaur. The fort is currently abandoned and houses an idol of Kamakhya Devi (Kamakshi Dev), which is believed to have been brought several centuries ago from Kamakhya temple in Guwahati. The rulers subsequently moved to Sarahan. The Palace of the "Raja of Bushahr state" at Sarahan ("The Srikhand view") was built by order of Raja Padam Singh for his lodging in September 1917. The current residence of the "Raja of Bushahr state" is at the Padam Palace at Rampur, Shimla district. The town of Rampur may have been founded by Raja Kehri Singh in the 17th century or by Raja Ram Singh in the 18th. The rulers moved down from their traditional seat in Sarahan to the banks of the river Sutlej. Bushair was one of the richest princely states in the hills and was an important center for trade between Tibet, Kinnaur and the lower areas.[citation needed]

With a personal gun salute of 9 guns, the ruler of Bashahr was the only Hills "Raja" amongst India's upper class of princely salute states, but was not entitled to the style of His Highness until independence in 1947.[citation needed]


Rulers bore the title of Rana and then Raja.[2][3]


  • ???? : Kehri Singh
  • ???? : Ram Singh
  • ???? - 1803 : Ugar Singh
  • 1803 - 1815 : Nepalese occupation


  • 1816 - 1850 : Mahendra Singh
  • 1850 - 1887 : Shamsher Singh
  • 1887 - 1898 : Raghunath Singh
  • 1898 - 1914 : Shamsher Singh (return to power)
  • 1914 - 1947 : Padam Singh
  • 1947 - 2021 : Virbhadra Singh[4][5]
  • 2021 - till date : Vikramaditya Singh[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bashahr" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 464.
  2. ^ "Indian Princely States before 1947 A-J". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J". rulers.org. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Virbhadra Singh: Congress stalwart, Himachal's Raja Sahib passes away at 87". Hindustan Times. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Virbhadra Singh dies: Rampur Bushahr mourns the passing of 'Raja sahab'". The Indian Express. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Bushashr Royalty: Vikramaditya Singh Crowned As 'Raja Sahib' In Private Ceremony". www.outlookindia.com. Archived from the original on 10 July 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  7. ^ Service, Tribune News. "Vikramaditya's 'raj tilak' before Raja's cremation". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 10 July 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°31′12″N 77°48′00″E / 31.52000°N 77.80000°E / 31.52000; 77.80000