Bushy Run Battlefield
|Location||Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, USA|
|Nearest city||Harrison City, Pennsylvania|
|Area||218 acres (88 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||66000696|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||October 9, 1960|
|Designated PHMC||September 14, 1964|
Bushy Run Battlefield Park is a historical park that is operated by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC) and the Bushy Run Battlefield Heritage Society on 218 acres (88 ha) in Penn Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in the United States. It was the site of the Battle of Bushy Run fought on August 5–6, 1763 during the Pontiac's Rebellion. The battle was a major victory for the British and enabled them to secure their control of the Ohio River Valley and what was to become the Northwest Territory. Bushy Run Battlefield Park was established as a Pennsylvania State Park in the 1920s and became a National Historic Landmark in 1960. The Visitor Center is open Wednesday through Saturday from 9:00 am until 5:00 pm, and Sunday from noon to 5:00 pm, during the months of May–October. The Visitor Center hosts a museum exhibit entitled, "The March to Bushy Run", a theater, a gift shop and battlefield tours. Bushy Run Battlefield Park is the only historic site or museum that deals exclusively with Pontiac's Rebellion. Battle reenactments are held annually on the first full weekend of August. The park is on Pennsylvania Route 993 near Harrison City and Jeannette.
The Battle of Bushy Run was fought between a British relief column under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet and a combined force of Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Huron warriors. In July 1763, a British relief column consisting of 500 British soldiers was sent to relieve Fort Pitt, then under siege. Under the command of Bouquet, the column left Carlisle, Pennsylvania. On August 5, while passing through present-day Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, the column was ambushed by a large force of Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Huron 25 miles (40 km) east of Fort Pitt. The British managed to hold their ground and, after the natives withdrew after sunset, Bouquet ordered a redoubt, made of sacks of flour, constructed on Edge Hill placing their wounded and livestock in the center of the redoubt.
The following morning, after the evening sentries were being relieved, the allied tribes attacked only to be ambushed themselves by the relieved sentries. As the tribal forces were flanked, the warriors fled in a disorganized retreat. With troops under Bouquet, the column dispersed the attackers before heading to Bushy Run, where there was badly needed water. The battle has since been attributed to Bushy Run despite the main fighting taking place in Edge Hill. Bouquet then marched to the relief of Fort Pitt. The battle was costly with 50 British soldiers killed. The confederacy of the Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Huron also suffered an unknown number of casualties including two prominent Delaware chieftains.
The battlefield was acquired by the state and established as a state park in the 1920s. In August 2009, the state closed several PHMC museums indefinitely due to a lack of funding as part of an ongoing budget crisis. Bushy Run Battlefield was one of the sites set to be closed. With the help of the Bushy Run Battlefield Heritage Society, the site's volunteer organization, the museum has stayed open despite budget cuts. On May 5, 2010 the Bushy Run Battlefield Heritage Society came to an agreement with the PHMC to allow the volunteers to staff and operate the museum.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
- "Bushy Run Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2008-06-05. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
- "Latest News & Events | Bushy Run Battlefield | Pennsylvania". bushyrunbattlefield.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-24.
- Rujumba, Karamagi "Fort Pitt Museum, Bushy Run close due to state budget crisis". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (14 August 2009.)
- Pickels, Mary "Bushy Run volunteers keep battlefield traditions alive, including hay-ride Archived 2009-10-17 at the Wayback Machine". Tribune-Review (12 October 2009.)
- Reeger, Jennifer "Volunteers to operate Bushy Run Museum Archived 2012-09-08 at archive.today". Tribune-Review (06 May 2010.)
- Barcousky, Len "Tours to continue at Bushy Run Battlefield". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (06 May 2010).