Business class airline

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A business class airline was an airline concept which emerged during the mid-first decade of the 21st century involving a number of airlines that operated all-business class service.[1]

Dedicated business class airlines[edit]

Current[edit]

Currently, only one all business class airline, La Compagnie, which was founded in 2013, provides an all business class service between Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris and Newark Liberty International Airport. Service is currently provided using two Boeing 757-200 aircraft, to be supplemented with two Airbus A321neos from 2019.[2]

Additionally, a startup known as Odyssey Airlines is planning to launch all business class flight from London City Airport to New York using Airbus A220-100 aircraft,[3] though the initial launch date of 2016 was not met and, as of April 2018, service was expected to start "probably in a year or two".[4]

History[edit]

20th Century[edit]

2000s[edit]

In the decade of 2000s, several dedicated business class airlines, including Eos Airlines, MAXjet Airways, SilverJet and L'Avion have been launched.[1] Early on, the idea was considered potentially lucrative, however the business model became vulnerable when in 2008 oil prices surpassed $100 a barrel. Between late 2007 and 2008, MAXjet, Silverjet and Eos Airlines all ceased operations, with Silverjet ceasing operations on 2008 and L'Avion on 2009.[5][6]

Virgin Atlantic and British Airways both proposed founding rival all-business class subsidiaries until the oil crisis put an end to Virgin Atlantic's plans.[1] L'Avion continued to trade, and was purchased by British Airways for its subsidiary OpenSkies at a price of £54m in July 2008.[7] OpenSkies operated an all Boeing 757 business-class service from Paris Orly Airport during October 2008 to June 2012. Since June 2012, the premium economy Eco class was reintroduced to OpenSkies.

Airlines with all-business class service[edit]

Current[edit]

In October 2009 British Airways launched the first longhaul jet operations using a STOLport runway, named "Club World London City" (aka CWLCY) offering a business class only Airbus A318 service between New York JFK and London City Airport. The westbound service touches down in Ireland to refuel. To minimise wasted time CWLCY passengers on BA001 go through US Immigration and Customs in Shannon Airport as the aircraft refuels. The flight then lands as domestic flights into New York JFK, without the need to clear customs again. Eastbound flights are direct from New York JFK to London City Airport LCY. It uses the same flight numbers (BA001-BA004) as were previously used by Concorde. Concorde, which was a single cabin all-premium service, could have been said to be the world's first all business class service, although Concorde's on the ground and on board service was significantly better than that in both Business and First Class.

Saudia launched all business class flight with Airbus A319-100 between Jeddah and Riyadh in year 2016, operate by PrivatAir.[8]

Historical[edit]

Until October 2013, Singapore Airlines flights flew the longest and biggest all-business class flights on their Airbus A340-500 from Singapore to New York, also the world's longest scheduled flight and to Los Angeles.[9]

Lufthansa once offered all-business class service from year 2002 on routes from Germany to India, Middle East and North America using leased Privatair Boeing Business Jets and Airbus Corporate Jets[10]. However, those service have been reconfigured to include economy class section on board.[11][12] The Swiss International Air Lines in the Lufthansa group also offered all business class flight with Boeing Business Jet 2 between Zurich and Newark before being replaced by three-class A340 in 2012.[13]

Hong Kong Airlines formerly operated flights from Hong Kong to London with their all-premium Airbus A330-200 with business and first class sets on board.[14] This product was discontinued in September 2012.[15] Subsequently, these A330's were wet leased to Hainan Airlines, which operated all-business-class flights between Beijing and Shenzhen in the same configuration.[16]

Until October 2015, Scandinavian Airlines operated an all business class route between Houston and Stavanger, using a Boeing 737-700. The route was primarily aimed at people working in the oil industry. The aircraft is then used to fly between Newark and Copenhagen before being reconfigured.[17]

All Nippon Airways once operated an all-business class configuration Boeing 737-700ER from Tokyo Narita to Mumbai, from 2007 to their retirement in 2013.[18] After the aircraft's retirement, the route have been upgauged to a Boeing 787-8 which also include economy and premium economy class seats.

KLM once offered the service by using Boeing Business Jet wet leased from PrivatAir on the route of Amsterdam to Houston.[19]

In 2014, Qatar Airways launched the all-business class Qatar Airways Flights 15 and 16 travelling between Doha and London Heathrow Airport with A319LR. The flight was then upgraded to use Boeing 787 after a year's operation.[20] The aircraft were also used on routes to Jeddah and Dubai before being reconfigured.

List of all business class airline carriers[edit]

For the majority of its history Midwest Airlines the United States offered an all business class service and cabin configuration its DC-9 and Boeing 717 aircraft. This was discontinued in its later years in an effort to financially survive before being shut down as an individually certificated independent airline by its new Republic Airways Holdings owners

Other all-business class (charter) airline carriers d/b/a's[edit]

List of present all business class routes[edit]

Of major, flag, legacy, national, network, mainline or non-mainline airline carriers.

List of premium service "airline within an airline" marketing brands[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Business class airlines: a travel revolution". Just the Flight. 17 July 2007. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008.
  2. ^ "France's La Compagnie orders two A321neo for TATL ops". ch-aviation. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Opinion: The CS100 Could Be The Future for British Airways' London City to New York Service". 5 July 2017.
  4. ^ "London City seeking E190-E2 certification in 2019". Flight Global. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Troubled Silverjet stops flights". BBC News. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  6. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/insights/analysis/all-business-class-north-atlantic-airlines-dreamjet-seeks-to-avoid-lavions-paris-nyc-nightmare-171655 All-business class North Atlantic airlines: Dreamjet seeks to avoid L'Avion's Paris-NYC nightmare]
  7. ^ Osborne, Alistair (3 July 2008). "BA Buys L'Avion". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  8. ^ "PrivatAir Commences Operations On The Jeddah - Riyadh Route On Behalf Of Saudia Private Aviation - PrivatAir - Global leader in business aviation". www.privatair.com.
  9. ^ "World's longest haul flight coming to an end". Bloomberg. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Lufthansa adds all-business service". 1 April 2003.
  11. ^ "Lufthansa to fit PrivatAir business jets with economy cabin". 13 March 2009.
  12. ^ Current Services - PrivatAir
  13. ^ "Review: Swiss International Air Lines Business Class".
  14. ^ "Skymark Airlines offers all-premium A330s on domestic routes. It could only work in Japan?".
  15. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines to axe HK-London 'all business class' flights". Australian Business Traveller. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Hainan Airlines becomes a test bed for all-premium operations in domestic China". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  17. ^ "SAS All Business Class Flights Between Newark And Copenhagen".
  18. ^ "40席の贅沢仕様737-700ER 特集・さよならANAビジネスジェット(前編)".
  19. ^ "PRIVATAIR RENEWS KLM BUSINESS-CLASS ONLY SERVICE" (PDF).
  20. ^ "Qatar Airways Discontinuing All Business Class A319 Flight To London - One Mile at a Time". 2 July 2015.
  21. ^ "Eos Airlines files for bankruptcy". The Telegraph. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  22. ^ "All-business-class airlines take off despite past failures - USATODAY.com". usatoday30.usatoday.com.
  23. ^ "Un Boeing 767 pour OpenSkies".