Location of Bussey, Iowa
|• Total||0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)|
|• Land||0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||850 ft (259 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||419|
|• Density||1,278.8/sq mi (493.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0455013|
Bussey is located at (41.205164, -92.885341).
Jesse Bussey, originally from Greene County, Pennsylvania, bought the land for the town of Bussey in 1867. He laid out the town of Bussey on the line of the Albia, Knoxville and Des Moines Railroad in 1875, the same year the line was acquired by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Mr Bussey went into the lumber and grain business there. By 1880, the population was close to 100, with four general merchandise stores and one drug store. The town was incorporated in 1895. There were some problems with the initial incorporation, so a second vote was held in 1899, after which James Bussey was elected as the first mayor.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were numerous coal mines in the Bussey area. In the early 1890s, the Powers company had two mine shafts in the area with a private tramway connecting them to the company's tipple along the railroad line. J. A. Powers founded the O.K. Coal Company in Bussey, with a mile-long railroad spur to a mine a mile south of town. This mine was the largest producer in Marion County from 1895 to around 1902. Powers reorganized the O.K. company as the Mammoth Vein Coal Company when it moved its primary operations to Everist, a coal camp 3 miles west of Bussey and a mile north of Marysville. The Cricket Coal Company, later the Equality Coal Company, was based in Bussey and had a shaft outside of town, producing 18,000 tons of coal in 1915 from a coal seam that was 4 to 6 feet thick.
United Mine Workers local 69 was organized in Bussey in 1899; in 1902, it had 275 members in 1902, but by 1907, by which time most of the local mining activity had moved to Everist, it had only 8 members. Prior to union organization, the minimum wage was $1.50 per day, but by 1902, this had increased to $2.15 per day. By 1907, wages ranged from $1.90 to $2.70 per day. A second union local, UMW local 2482, had 216 members in Bussey in 1912.
|Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. and Iowa Data Center
As of the census of 2010, there were 422 people, 176 households, and 116 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,278.8 inhabitants per square mile (493.7/km2). There were 209 housing units at an average density of 633.3 per square mile (244.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 176 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 40.7 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 450 people, 184 households, and 128 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.1 people per square mile (526.5/km²). There were 210 housing units at an average density of 633.8 per square mile (245.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.78% White, 0.22% Native American, 0.44% Asian, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.22% of the population.
There were 184 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,500, and the median income for a family was $42,857. Males had a median income of $35,500 versus $23,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,657. About 7.5% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Bussey, Chapter XIV -- Liberty Township, The History of Marion County, Iowa, Union Historical Company, Des Moines, 1881, as reprinted in 1975 by the Marion County Genealogical Society; page 789; see also Page 433 for the reference to the A., K. & D. R. R., and page 790 biographical detail about J, Bussey.
- Tom Savage, Bussey, A dictionary of Iowa Place Names, University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, 2007; page 46.
- John W. Wright and W. A. Young, Bussey, Chapter X -- Towns and Villages, History of Marion County Iowa and its People, S. J. Clarke, Chicago, 1915; pages 160-161.
- Charles Rollin Keyes, Marion County, Coal Beds of Central Iowa, Coal Deposits of Iowa Iowa Geological Survey, 1894; page 340.
- John W. Wright and W. A. Young, Coal Mining, Chapter XIV -- Finance and Industry, History of Marion County Iowa and its People, S. J. Clarke, Chicago, 1915; page 254.
- The Coal Field Directory and Mining Catalogue, Keystone, Pittsburgh, 1915; page 148.
- Trade Unions in Iowa – Table No. 1, Mine Workers of America, United, Tenth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa, 1901–1902, Murphy, Des Moines, 1903; page 232.
- Trade Unions in Iowa, Thirteenth Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa for the period 1906-1907, Des Moines, 1908; page 198.
- Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Convention of the United Mine Workers of America Jan. 16 – Feb. 2, 1912, Indianapolis; page 80A.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Votesmart.org.-Kenneth Veenstra