Bussum

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Bussum
Town and former municipality
Bussum across from city hall
Bussum across from city hall
Flag of Bussum
Flag
Coat of arms of Bussum
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Bussum in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°17′N 5°10′E / 52.283°N 5.167°E / 52.283; 5.167Coordinates: 52°17′N 5°10′E / 52.283°N 5.167°E / 52.283; 5.167
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Municipality Gooise Meren
Area[1]
 • Total 8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi)
 • Land 8.09 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
 • Water 0.06 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 1 m (3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[3]
 • Total 32,731
 • Density 4,046/km2 (10,480/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bussumer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1400–1406
Area code 035
Website www.bussum.nl
Map of the former municipality of Bussum, June 2015

Bussum (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɵsəm]) is a commuter town and former municipality in the Het Gooi region in the south east of the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Since 2016, Bussum has been part of the new municipality of Gooise Meren.

Bussum had a population of 32,731 in 2014 and covered an area of 8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi).

History[edit]

For a long time Bussum was not more than a hamlet situated amongst the heathlands of Het Gooi and was first mentioned in 1306. In this time, Bussum was a large heathland with many small farms, sheep pens and forests as is shown on old maps. Since Bussum is situated near the fortified town Naarden it was governed by Naarden from 1369 onward. In 1470 Bussum was inhabited by about 250 people, which made it the smallest village in Het Gooi.

Bussum became independent from Naarden in 1817, yet it was not until the arrival of a railway line in 1874 that Bussum began to flourish. Two train stations were built in the town, that still exist today: Naarden-Bussum and Bussum Zuid (Dutch for Bussum South), both on the connection between Amsterdam and Hilversum. The stations and the road network fostered the town's status as a satellite town of Amsterdam, allowing for reverse commute also to Hilversum. From 1898 until 1907, Bussum housed the first Dutch socialist colony after the example of Thoreau's Walden, set up by the writer and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden. In 1951, Bussum hosted the first Dutch national TV broadcast and the national TV studios were located there until 1964.

Bussum was set to merge with the local municipalities of Naarden and Muiden on 1 January 2016. In October 2014, the combined town councils chose the name Gooise Meren for the new municipality, the other options being Naarden-Bussum and Naardingerland.[4]

Local government[edit]

The last municipal council of Bussum consisted of 23 seats, which were divided as follows (2015):

  • VVD - 5 seats
  • Hart voor Bussum - 4 seats
  • PvdA - 3 seats
  • CDA - 2 seats
  • GroenLinks - 2 seats
  • D66 - 2 seats
  • Gooise Ouderen Partij - 2 seats
  • Partij voor Bussum (PVB) - 1 seat
  • Fractie Krabbendam - 1 seat
  • GooiDuursaam - 1 seat

Notable residents[edit]

Transport[edit]

The town of Bussum has two railway stations: Naarden-Bussum and Bussum Zuid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 1404EP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Gooise Meren wordt de naam van de fusiegemeente Naarden-Muiden-Bussum'" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2014-11-17. 

External links[edit]