Busswil bei Büren
|Busswil bei Büren|
|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|• Mayor||Rolf Christen BDP|
|• Total||3.10 km2 (1.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||437 m (1,434 ft)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Büetigen, Lyss, Studen, Worben|
Busswil is located on the old Aare river, the part of the Aar river that still flows from Aarberg to Büren after the river was corrected in the 19th century to stop the flooding which had been completely inundating Busswil since ancient times. In those days the Celts from neighbouring villages to the north used the "Obererer Weg" to travel to the market town of Lyss. Also of note is the ancient oak tree in the middle of a field next to the Länggasse, at which Napoleon is said to have rested with his troops on the way back from his Austrian campagne.
Busswil has a bakery, a post office, two small supermarkets (Co-Op and Denner), a tea-room, a hotel (Rössli), restaurant (Bahnhof), and a railway station.
Busswil bei Büren has an area, as of 2009[update], of 3.05 km2 (1.18 sq mi). Of this area, 1.57 km2 (0.61 sq mi) or 51.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.87 km2 (0.34 sq mi) or 28.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi) or 19.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.7% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area, industrial buildings make up 2.0% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 8.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 7.5%. 28.2% of the total land area is heavily forested with oak, birch and beech trees but sadly much of this will be destroyed by the politically influential Vigier Beton gravel and sand company who are extending the area of their excavations. Of the agricultural land, 44.6% is used for growing crops and 5.6% is pastures, while 1.3% is used for orchards or vine crops. Most of the water in the municipality is in rivers, streams or underground springs of excellent quality (used as drinking water by several houses along the Länggasse) but the springs will also soon be destroyed by the extension of the above-mentioned Vigier Beton gravel and sand excavations.
Busswil bei Büren has a population (as of 31 December 2010) of 1905. As of 2007[update], 11.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 4.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (90.6%), with French being second most common ( 1.8%) and Italian being third ( 1.7%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.5% and the seniors (over 64 years old) make up 10.4%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Busswil bei Büren about 72.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Busswil bei Büren has an unemployment rate of 1.21%. As of 2005[update], there were 27 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 199 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 20 businesses in this sector. 237 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 38 businesses in this sector.
Besides the political municipality where everybody living is a member there exists a municipality of citizens where usually old families are member of. These families are called Bangerter, Eggli, Löffel, Stauffer and Stebler, they own 0.7 km² (23%) of the ground. That makes them very important when new buildings are planned.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Busswil bei Büren.|
- Official website of the political municipality Busswil bei Büren
- Busswil bei Büren in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Statistics on Swiss Municipalities
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB Archived April 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 September
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 01-Jun-2009