Bustan Birke

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Bustan Birke
Alternate name Boustan el Birke
Location 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) southeast of Kefraya, Lebanon
Periods Heavy Neolithic
Cultures Qaraoun culture
Site notes
Excavation dates 1966
Archaeologists Lorraine Copeland and Frank Skeels
Public access Unknown

Bustan Birke or Boustan el Birke is a Heavy Neolithic archaeological site of the Qaraoun culture that is located 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) southeast of Kefraya, Lebanon.[1][2]

The site was found in a vineyard by Lorraine Copeland and Frank Skeels in 1966. Heavy Neolithic materials recovered resembled those from Kefraya with an increased proportion of lighter tools. Large flakes, picks, large scrapers and choppers made on discoid cores were found, most frequently in chert-like flint or silicious grey limestone. Other forms found included a grattoir de côté and a nose-scraper typical of the Upper Paleolithic.[2]

Another tell was found to the northwest of the site, opposing the road to the village but had been destroyed by the building of a villa so that only Roman material could be found among the debris.[2]


  1. ^ Moore, A.M.T. (1978). The Neolithic of the Levant. Oxford University, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. pp. 444–446. 
  2. ^ a b c L. Copeland; P. Wescombe (1966). Inventory of Stone-Age Sites in Lebanon: North, South and East-Central Lebanon, p. 27. Impr. Catholique. Retrieved 29 August 2011.