Buta (ornament)

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Buta (Persian: بته‎), (Azerbaijani: Buta) – is an almond-shaped ornament with a sharp-curved upper end.[1] Buta motif belongs to Persian culture. It is broadly famed in Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey and countries of the Near East.[1]

Patterns and ornaments of buta motifs can be found on Azerbaijani rugs, kalaghai and textiles, paintings of decorative-applied arts of Azerbaijan and also in decorations of architectural monuments.

Buta in Azerbaijani culture[edit]

“Buta” is a typical detail of Azerbaijani national ornaments.[2] This motif is considered as the most ancient among all national ornaments of Azerbaijan.[3] There are many printed items decorated only with buta.[3] Buta motif was frequently used by Azerbaijani masters. Buta has a lot species and each of them has its own symbolical meaning. But buta is widely spread in Ganja, where it has become an integral part of carpet ornaments.[1]

Buta is displayed in the emblem of the 2012 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, which has been held in Azerbaijan.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c Н. Самгнна. (1995). Ковры типа Фахралы 56. Сообщения Государственного Эрмитажа: Искусство. p. 59. 
  2. ^ В. Лобачев. (1975). Магия подзаголовка. Книга. p. 190. 
  3. ^ a b Г. А. Гулиев. (1964). Об азербайджанской набойке. Советская этнография: Издательство Академии наук. p. 134. 


  • F. Petri «Origin of the Book of the Dead Angient Egipt». 1926. June part 2 с 41-45
  • С. Ашурбейли «Новые изыскания по истории Баку и Девичьей башни» Альманах искусств 1972 г, С.Ашурбейли «О датировке и назначении Гыз галасы в крепости» Элм. 1974 г.