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The National Museum of Rwanda at Butare
The National Museum of Rwanda at Butare
CountryFlag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda
Admin. divisionSouthern Province
(August 2002)
 • Total77,000

Butare is a city (population: 77,000 as of August 2002) in the Southern Province of Rwanda and capital of Huye district. It was the capital of the former Butare Province, Rwanda, that was dissolved on January 1, 2006. It was the formal colonial capital of Rwanda.[citation needed]

The large Christian Cathedral in Huye
The main street of Huye

Butare has the National University of Rwanda. It also held the prestigious Nyakibanda Seminary, the Rwandan National Institute of Scientific Research, the Ruhande Arboretum and a cathedral.

The city of Butare has long been regarded as the intellectual capital of the country, while Kigali holds most political power. The Belgian colonial rulers named the city Astrida, in honor of Queen Astrid of Belgium. The first Catholic mission in 1900 in the country was only a few kilometers from the town center, at Save Hill.

The National Museum of Rwanda was built in the early 1990s and is a good source of information on the cultural history of the country and the region. It is often referred to in tourist brochures as the finest museum in East Africa.

From 2006, some sources refer to the city as Huye, after the surrounding district, but most Rwandans continue to use the name Butare.

Coordinates: 2°36′S 29°45′E / 2.600°S 29.750°E / -2.600; 29.750


The Groupe Scolaire in Butare is the largest secondary school in Rwanda.[1]


The city is served by Butare Airport, a small civilian airport, administered by the Rwanda Civil Aviation Authority.


  1. ^ Tanganika, Frank. "Rwanda: Significant Developments in Schools." AllAfrica, 2 September 2010. Retrieved on September 18, 2010. "I recently visited Lycée de Kigali, the second largest secondary school in the country after Groupe Scolaire, Butare, and I was impressed by the..."