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Otter in 2009
|32nd Governor of Idaho|
January 1, 2007
|Preceded by||Jim Risch|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's 1st district
January 3, 2001 – January 1, 2007
|Preceded by||Helen Chenoweth-Hage|
|Succeeded by||Bill Sali|
|37th Lieutenant Governor of Idaho|
January 5, 1987 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||David Leroy|
|Succeeded by||Jack Riggs|
|Member of the Idaho House of Representatives|
|Born||Clement Leroy Otter
May 3, 1942
Caldwell, Idaho, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Gay Simplot (1964–1992)
Lori Easley (2006–present)
|Alma mater||St. Martin's Abbey
Boise State University
College of Idaho
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1968–1973|
|Unit||Idaho Army National Guard|
Clement Leroy "Butch" Otter (born May 3, 1942) is the 32nd Governor of Idaho, in office since January 2007. He is a member of the Republican Party. Otter served as Lieutenant Governor of Idaho from 1987 to 2001 and as the United States Representative for Idaho's 1st congressional district from 2001 to 2007.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career (1942–1972)
- 2 Early political career (1972–1986)
- 3 Lieutenant Governor of Idaho (1987–2001)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2001–2007)
- 5 Governor of Idaho (2007–present)
- 6 2015 veto of CBD oil legalization
- 7 Personal life
- 8 Controversies
- 9 Electoral history
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Early life, education, and business career (1942–1972)
Butch Otter was born on May 3, 1942 in Caldwell, Idaho, into a small family of limited means. He is the son of Regina Mary (Buser) and Joseph Bernard Otter. His father was a journeyman, electrician, and the family lived in many rural locations in the Midwest and Western United States during his youth, attending 15 different schools. His nickname "Butch" was the result of a few schoolyard fights which resulted in minor bruises; Catholic Nuns had initially nicknamed him "Clem" after a character in the Red Skelton Show. He graduated from St. Teresa's Academy (now Bishop Kelly High School) in Boise in 1962.
Otter was 20 when he graduated from high school– a childhood accident involving gasoline severely burned his younger brother and forced Otter to take a year off. Otter worked throughout high school as a janitor, theater usher, and lawn boy. Otter briefly attended St. Martin's Abbey in Lacey, Washington.
Deciding against the priesthood, Otter returned to Idaho and attended Boise Junior College, then earned his B.A. in political science from the College of Idaho in 1967. He was the only member of his family to graduate from college, and made the dean's list in his last term. He served in the Idaho Army National Guard's 116th Armored Cavalry from 1968–73. His business experience includes 30 years with Simplot International, an agribusiness corporation which was founded by Otter's then father-in-law, J.R. Simplot. He started at a low-level position and eventually rose to the company's presidency.
Early political career (1972–1986)
1978 gubernatorial election
In January 1977, incumbent Democratic Governor Cecil Andrus was appointed U.S. Secretary of Interior under President Jimmy Carter. Lieutenant governor John Evans, a Democrat, succeeded Andrus and Otter announced in June his intention to run for Governor of Idaho in 1978. In the six-man Republican primary in August, Otter ranked a close third with 26.0% of the vote. Allan Larsen, the House Speaker from Blackfoot, won the nomination with 28.7% of the vote, followed by Vern Ravenscroft of Tuttle, with 27.6%. The nominees of both parties were Mormon, marking the first time in state history one would be elected governor. Incumbent Evans was unopposed in the Democratic primary and won the general election in November, the third of six consecutive victories by Democrats.
After Republican Ronald Reagan was elected in 1980, he appointed Otter to the administration's Task Force on International Private Enterprise, the World Bank's Agricultural Advisory Committee, and the Center for International Private Enterprise.
Lieutenant Governor of Idaho (1987–2001)
In 1986, Otter returned to politics and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Idaho. He was reelected in 1990, 1994, and 1998. He served under three different governors, Democrat Cecil Andrus, and Republicans Phil Batt and Dirk Kempthorne. In 1991, when the Idaho Senate was evenly divided between 21 Republicans and 21 Democrats, Otter's tie-breaking votes kept the body under GOP control. Otter left the post midway through his fourth term in 2001 to take his Congressional seat. He is the longest-serving lieutenant governor in Idaho history.
U.S. House of Representatives (2001–2007)
U.S. Congresswoman Helen Chenoweth-Hage of Idaho's First Congressional District had promised to serve only three terms in the House when first elected in the Republican wave of 1994, and kept that pledge in 2000 even after calling term limits bad policy. Otter entered the Republican primary, and immediately became the favorite due to his name recognition as lieutenant governor. He won handily, and breezed to victory in November. He was re-elected in 2002 and 2004 with no substantive opposition.
In Congress, Otter was largely conservative with a slight libertarian streak, as reflected in his opposition to the Patriot Act. He was one of three Republicans (along with Bob Ney of Ohio and Ron Paul of Texas) to vote against the act in 2001. He has since stated that "much of the USA PATRIOT Act is needed to help protect us in a dangerous age of stateless zealots and mindless violence". Otter was also very critical of the Bush Administration's terrorist surveillance program concerning communications from within the United States to those outside the United States. He served as a deputy majority whip for most of his time in Congress
Otter has voted against allowing electronic surveillance without a warrant. He has supported military recruitment efforts on college campuses and has voted for adopting the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission. He opposes a time table for withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan.
He has voted for establishing a nationwide AMBER alert system for missing children.
Otter is pro-life and has voted to ban federal funding of abortions and opposes partial-birth abortions. He also supports parental consent laws for minors who seek an abortion.
He supports a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between "one man and one woman."
He has been a strong advocate for second amendment rights and opposes federal restrictions on gun sales.
On economic issues, he has voted for a 2001 bankruptcy overhaul requiring partial debt repayment. He supports a balanced budget amendment to the US constitution and supports broad based tax cuts including eliminating the estate and marriage tax. He has voted to reduce the marriage tax by $399B over 10 years. He has supported expanding free trade agreements with nations such as Singapore and Chile. Otter has voted to end offshore tax havens and promote tax credits for small businesses. He has voted to raise 401(k) limits & making pension plans more portable.
He has voted for medical malpractice and tort reform. He has voted to allow importation of prescription drugs and has supported small business associations to reduce health insurance costs via collaborative efforts.
He has voted to build a fence along the U.S.-Mexico border and has opposed granting amnesty to undocumented immigrants.
- U.S. House Committee on Resources
- U.S. House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- U.S. House Committee on Government Reform
- U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce
Leadership in International Trade
Otter published an article in The Ripon Forum magazine. In the article, Otter discussed that he had led many trade missions to Asia-Pacific countries, fostering relationships with companies in Seoul, Taipei, Taiwan and Ho Chi Minh City. Otter brought a delegation to Taiwan that resulted in Idaho’s Micron Technology becoming Taiwan’s largest direct U.S. investor.
Governor of Idaho (2007–present)
On December 15 Otter announced his candidacy for the gubernatorial seat in 2006. Otter won the May Republican primary with 70% of the vote, defeating three opponents 
In the general election, he faced Democrat Jerry Brady in the November 7 general election. Brady, the former publisher of The Post Register in Idaho Falls, had run for governor in 2002, losing to incumbent Republican Governor Dirk Kempthorne. Otter was initially considered an overwhelming favorite, given his popularity and Idaho's strong Republican lean. However, the race was far closer than expected in the last weeks of the campaign. A poll conducted for the Idaho Statesman and Boise ABC affiliate KIVI showed Otter ahead of Brady by only a single point– a statistical dead heat. According to the Statesman, it was the first time in over a decade that the governor's race has not already been decided 10 days prior to the election. State Republican Party chairman Kirk Sullivan told the paper that the race appeared to be closer than normal because of a strong national trend against the Republicans. Otter pulled away in the final week, and won the election 53%–44%, the closest gubernatorial race since 1994.
Otter has recommended an increase in Idaho state educational funding by $1.36 billion as well as expanding needs-based scholarships for college-bound students. Otter supports expanding offshore oil drilling and supports tax incentives for development of alternative fuels. He has stated that the US should set a goal of 25% renewable energy by 2025.
On January 11, 2007, Otter announced his support for a "gray wolf kill," in which all but 100 of Idaho's recently recovered population would be eradicated, pending the forthcoming U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service removal of the wolves' federal protections under the Endangered Species Act. Otter even remarked that he would be first in line to purchase a tag to kill one of the animals. This position drew criticism from many Western environmental and animal advocate groups, including Priscilla Feral, president of Friends of Animals who called for a boycott of potatoes from Idaho.
In the Republican primary, he had five opponents file against him. He won re-nomination with just 55% of the vote. In the general election, he defeated Democratic nominee Keith Allred 59%–33%.
He was sworn into his second term on January 7, 2011. In the first State of the State in his second term, he proposed the elimination of teacher tenure, becoming one of the most aggressive governors in the country when it comes to education reform. The Stateline explained that the "Idaho plan is perhaps the most far-reaching effort to use teachers’ rights and performance as part of a bid to revamp a state’s entire educational process." Critics say that roughly 770 teaching positions would be eliminated and teacher contracts would have to be renegotiated every year, in which bargaining would cover only pay and benefits. In March 2011, Otter signed two bills into law, one limits the ability of teachers to collectively bargain and eliminates tenure for new teachers. The other allows school districts to pay teachers based on their performance. The "Luna laws" (named after the state's superintendent of education) were later overturned in three state referendums in 2012.
Otter was elected to a third consecutive term as governor.
In March, 2014 Otter established the "Wolf Control Fund and State Board" which continues his policy of exterminating wolves in Idaho.
2015 veto of CBD oil legalization
Senate Bill 1146a, which would have legalized CBD oil for persons with severe epilepsy, passed the Idaho Legislature following "lengthy and emotional" hearings, but was vetoed by Otter in April 2015.
In his veto, Otter stated:
It ignores ongoing scientific testing on alternative treatments... It asks us to trust but not to verify. It asks us to legalize the limited use of cannabidiol oil, contrary to federal law. And it asks us to look past the potential for misuse and abuse with criminal intent.
In 1964, Otter married Gay Simplot (b. 1945), only daughter of J. R. Simplot. After 28 years of marriage, the couple amicably divorced in 1992. The marriage was later annulled by the Catholic Church. In 2006, Otter married his longtime girlfriend Lori Easley (b. 1967), a former Miss Idaho USA, in Meridian on August 18.
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (March 2016)|
In August 1992, Otter was pulled over on Interstate 84 near Meridian for suspicion of driving under the influence. He claimed the arresting officer observed him swerving as he was reaching for his cowboy hat, which had been blown off by the wind in his open car. Otter offered several explanations for failing the field sobriety test including: his stocking feet were stung by weeds and gravel, he had run eight miles (13 km) and his knee hurt, he was hungry, and that he had soaked his chewing tobacco in Jack Daniel's. A jury convicted Otter in March 1993, and he was sentenced to 72 hours of community service and 16 hours at an alcohol treatment program, fined $700, and had his license revoked. He publicly admitted it could end his political career; it likely forced him to abandon an anticipated run for governor in 1994 and instead seek re-election for lieutenant governor.
Otter's policy of using public monies to track and kill wolves, even in protected wilderness areas, continues to draw public outcry.
|1986||Marjorie Ruth Moon||Butch Otter|
|1990||(unopposed)||Butch Otter (inc.)||246,132||100%|
|1994||John Peavey||191,625||47.4%||Butch Otter (inc.)||213,009||52.6%|
|1998||Sue Reents||133,688||35.6%||Butch Otter (inc.)||225,704||60.2%||Alan Stroud||American Heritage||15,769||4.2%|
|Idaho Lieutenant Governor Republican primary election, 1990|
|Republican||Butch Otter (inc.)||73,292||69.6%|
|Republican||(first name not given) Forrey||31,963||30.4%|
|Idaho Lieutenant Governor Republican primary election, 1994|
|Republican||Butch Otter (inc.)||46,805||39.7%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2000||Linda Pall||84,080||31.4%||Butch Otter||173,743||64.8%||Ronald G. Wittig||Libertarian||6,093||2.3%||Kevin P. Hambsch||Reform||4,200||1.6%|
|2002||Betty Richardson||80,269||38.9%||Butch Otter (inc.)||120,743||58.6%||Steve Gothard||Libertarian||5,129||2.5%|
|2004||Naomi Preston||90,927||30.5%||Butch Otter (inc.)||207,662||69.5%|
|Idaho's 1st Congressional district Republican primary election, 2000|
|Republican||"Big Jim" Pratt||1,281||1.5%|
|Idaho's 1st Congressional district Republican primary election, 2004|
|Republican||Butch Otter (inc.)||48,986||78.5%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2006||Jerry Brady||198,845||44.1%||Butch Otter||237,437||52.7%||Marvin Richardson||Constitution||7,309||1.6%||Steve Gothard||Libertarian||7,241||1.6%|
|2010||Keith G. Allred||169,556||32.9%||Butch Otter (inc.)||267,483||59.1%||Jana Kemp||Independent||26,655||5.9%||Ted Dunlap||Libertarian||5,867||1.3%|
|2014||A.J. Balukoff||148,680||38.55%||Butch Otter (inc.)||235,405||53.52%||John Bujak||Libertarian||17,884||4.07%||Jill Humble||Independent||8,801||2%|
|Idaho Gubernatorial Republican primary election, 2006|
|Republican||Jack Alan Johnson||7,652||5.6%|
|Idaho Gubernatorial Republican primary election, 2010|
|Republican||Butch Otter (inc.)||89,117||54.6%|
|Republican||Sharon Margaret Ullman||13,749||8.4%|
|Republican||Ron "Pete" Peterson||8,402||5.2%|
|Republican||Fred Nichols (write-in)||38||0.0%|
|Idaho Gubernatorial Republican primary election, 2014|
|Republican||Butch Otter (inc.)||79,779||51.4%|
- "Idaho Gov. Otter endorses John Kasich for president". KBOI.
- "Butch Otter Rides Again". Reason.com. October 13, 2006. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Who's who in the West: A Biographical Dictionary of Noteworthy Men and Women ...". Books.google.com. June 6, 2008.
- "Simplot executive seeks GOP nod for Idaho post". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. June 3, 1977. p. 15.
- "ID Governor - R Primary Race - Aug 08, 1978". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Idaho GOP governor vote close". The Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. August 9, 1978. p. 1.
- "Larsen upsets Ravenscroft in GOP". Lewiston Morning Tribune (Idaho). Associated Press. August 9, 1978. p. 1A.
- "Governor C.L. "Butch" Otter - The State of Idaho". Gov.idaho.gov. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Butch Otter on the Issues". Issues2000.org. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "Candidate - C.L. "Butch" Otter". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Otter, Butch (Summer 2013). "The Importance of Pacific Trade to My State". Ripon Forum. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "ID Governor - R Primary Race - May 23, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "ID Governor Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Idahoans weigh in on ending wolf protections". MSNBC. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "Wolves Or Taters?". ESPN. August 28, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "ID Governor - R Primary Race - May 25, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "ID Governor Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Idaho's Tom Luna offers sweeping school overhaul plan". February 25, 2011. Archived from the original on January 8, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Daniel C. Vock (March 18, 2011). "Idaho governor signs anti-tenure teacher law". Archived from the original on January 8, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Alan Silverleib (April 21, 2011). "Idaho governor blocks federal health care reform law". CNN. Archived from the original on April 27, 2011.
- "Nov 04, 2014 General Election Results". Idaho Secretary of State. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "Boise, Meridian, Nampa, Caldwell news by Idaho Statesman". Idaho Statesman. April 16, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
- Russell, Betsy Z. (April 16, 2015). "Otter vetoes bill to allow CBD oil to be used to treat sick Idaho kids". The Spokesman-Review. Spokesman. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
- Boone, Rebecca. Wedding draws near for Otter, Easley 3 August 2006. Web. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- Miller, John (October 28, 2006). "Beauty queen, civil rights marcher could be first lady". Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Idaho-Washington). Associated Press. p. 7A.
- Boone, Rebecca (August 19, 2006). "Otter and Easley exchange vows". Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Idaho-Washington). Associated Press. p. 5A.
- //web.archive.org/web/20080304223709/http://www.nbcnews6.com:80/index.cfm?page=nbcheadlines.cfm&ID=35942. Archived from the original on March 4, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2006. Missing or empty
- "A second chance for Lieutenant Governor". Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Idaho-Washington). March 11, 1993. p. 10A.
- Kenyon, Quane (April 20, 1993). "Butch Otter fined, loses license". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. B3.
- Governor C. L. “Butch” Otter official government website
- Butch Otter for Governor
- Butch Otter at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- U.S. Representative 2001–2007
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
|Lieutenant Governor of Idaho
|Governor of Idaho
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's 1st congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of Idaho
2006, 2010, 2014
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
|Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
as Governor of Washington
|Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of Wyoming