Throughout the 18th century, portions of land entered the estate of the Scottish Bute Estate, of which the area around Bute Town was one, and so the town was named after the Marquis of Bute. The area was developed into a "model village" to house local ironworkers in the 1830s and consisted of three rows of 16 houses each, for a total of 48 residences. The village's population fluctuated, and in the 19th century between 195 and 430 people lived there.
The village reached a peak in population in 1871, when the Rhymney Valley transitioned from iron production to coal mining and when a growth in railroads in the area brought a spike in workers to the town.
Bute Town has been a Conservation Area since October 1972, and all of the buildings are on the statutory list of buildings of architectural or historic interest.
- "Bute Town". www.butetownhistory.info. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "SO1009 : Butetown - Y Drenewydd, Rhymney". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Bute Town Conservation Area Design Guide" (PDF). www.caerphilly.gov.uk. August 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Doctor Who Series 7: Diana Rigg Filming Pics". SFX. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
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