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American golden eagle
(Aquila chrysaetos canadensis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Accipitridae
Subfamily: Buteoninae

About 2 dozen, see article

Buteoninae is a bird of prey subfamily which consists of medium to large broad-winged species.

They have large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs and powerful talons. They also have extremely keen eyesight to enable them to spot potential prey from a distance.

This subfamily contains the buzzards (buteoine hawks), true eagles and sea eagles.



  • Genus Buteo – buteonine hawks (North America) or buzzards (Europe): nearly 30 species (probably paraphyletic, might include Leucopternis in part and Parabuteo)
  • Genus Buteogallus – crab hawks: 5 species (probably paraphyletic, might include Leucopternis in part and Harpyhaliaetus)
  • Genus Harpia – harpy eagle
  • Genus Spizaetus crested hawk-eagles: c.4 species
  • Genus "Hieraaetus" – hawk-eagles: 3 species; Genus name unavailable or belongs in Aquila
  • Genus Aquila – true eagles: 9 species;
  • Genus Clanga – spotted eagles 3 species;
  • Genus Haliaeetus – sea eagles and brown fish eagles: 8 species
  • Genus Harpagornis – might belong into Aquila

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