County of Bute
|• Total||225 sq mi (583 km2)|
|Ranked 30th of 34|
The county comprises a number of islands in the Firth of Clyde, between the counties of Argyll and Ayrshire, the principal islands being Bute, Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae. The county town is Rothesay, located on the Isle of Bute. Buteshire had its own elected county council from 1890 to 1975.
Local government councils
Buteshire had its own elected local government council from 1890 to 1975. However, in 1975 this system was superseded and Buteshire was divided for administrative purposes between the Strathclyde region districts of Argyll and Bute (which administered the Isle of Bute) and Cunninghame (which administered Arran and the Cumbraes). The Scottish regions were abolished in 1996, and this divide of the historic county continued, with both districts which administered historic Buteshire becoming council areas (Cunninghame under the name "North Ayrshire").
There was a Buteshire constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Between 1708 and 1832 it was an alternating constituency with Caithness: one constituency elected a Member of Parliament (MP) to one parliament then the other elected an MP to the next. Between 1832 and 1918 it was a separate constituency, electing an MP to every parliament.
In 1918 the constituency was combined with the Ayrshire North constituency to form the Bute and Northern Ayrshire constituency, a constituency which straddled the boundary between the local government counties of Bute and Ayrshire.
In 1983, eight years after Scottish local government counties had been abolished, the Bute and Northern Ayrshire constituency was divided between the Argyll and Bute constituency and the Cunninghame North constituency.
In 2005, both constituencies were enlarged as part of the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies. The name "Argyll and Bute" was retained, while the enlarged Cunningham North was named North Ayrshire and Arran.
List of places
Towns and places in Bute include:
- Corrie, Arran
- Corriegills, Arran
- Dippen, Arran
- Kilchattan Bay, Bute
- Kildonan, Arran
- Kilmory, Arran
- Kingarth, Bute
- Kings Cross, Arran
- Lochranza, Isle of Arran
- Millport, Cumbrae
- Mount Stuart
- Port Bannatyne, Bute
- Rothesay, Bute
- Whiting Bay
Rothesay Castle, with the 16th century forework in the centre, and the 13th century "Pigeon Tower" on the right
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Bute", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 879
- "Land Register Counties", Leaflets, Registers of Scotland, archived from the original on 2010-02-02
- UK Parliament. The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) Order 2005 as made, from legislation.gov.uk.
- "County Bute: List of towns and places", Registers of Scotland, Land Register, 2000, archived from the original on 2002-10-06
- Hedderwick, Robert (1878), "County of Bute", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (9th ed.), pp. 579–581
- NLS map of Buteshire. John Thompson's Atlas of Scotland. 1832.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bute (county).|