Butia

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Butia
Butia capitata - Villa Thuret - DSC04803.JPG
Butia odorata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Subtribe: Attaleinae
Genus: Butia
(Becc.) Becc.[1]

Butia is a genus of palms in the family Arecaceae, native to South America in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.[2] Most species produce edible fruits, which are sometimes used to make alcoholic beverages and other foods. The name is derived from a Brazilian vernacular word for members of the genus.[3]

Description[edit]

They are 'feather palms', with pinnate leaves 2–4 m long. The species vary from nearly stemless plants rarely exceeding 40 cm tall (e.g. Butia campicola) to small trees up to 10m tall (e.g. B. yatay).

B. odorata is notable as one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about −10 °C; it is widely cultivated in warm temperate to subtropical regions.

Species[edit]

Accepted species:[2]

  1. Butia archeri (Glassman) Glassman - Goiás, Brasília, Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  2. Butia campicola (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  3. Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc. – Wine Palm, Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm - Minas Gerais, Goiás
  4. Butia catarinensis Noblick & Lorenzi - Santa Catarina
  5. Butia eriospatha (Mart. ex Drude) Becc. – Woolly Butia Palm -southern Brazil
  6. Butia exilata Deble & Marchiori - Rio Grande do Sul
  7. Butia exospadix Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  8. Butia lallemantii Deble & Marchiori - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  9. Butia lepidotispatha Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  10. Butia leptospatha (Burret) Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  11. Butia marmorii Noblick - Alto Paraná in Paraguay
  12. Butia matogrossensis Noblick & Lorenzi - Mato Grosso do Sul
  13. Butia microspadix Burret - southeastern Brazil
  14. Butia noblickii Deble - Corrientes Province of Argentina
  15. Butia odorata (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  16. Butia paraguayensis (Barb.Rodr.) L.H.Bailey – Dwarf Yatay - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  17. Butia pubispatha Noblick & Lorenzi - Paraná
  18. Butia purpurascens Glassman – Purple Yatay Palm - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  19. Butia stolonifera (Barb.Rodr.) Becc. - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  20. Butia witeckii K.Soares & S. Longhi – Field butia - Rio Grande do Sul.
  21. Butia yatay (Mart.) Becc. – Yatay Palm - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay, Argentina

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Butia (Becc.) Becc". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. 
  4. ^ "Butyagrus nabonnandii". Palms. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia. Archived from the original on 2013-05-19. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 

External links[edit]