Butia

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Butia
Butia capitata - Villa Thuret - DSC04803.JPG
Butia odorata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Genus: Butia
(Becc.) Becc.[1]
Type species
Butia capitata

Butia is a genus of palms in the family Arecaceae, native to the South American countries of Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.[2] Many species produce edible fruits, which are sometimes used to make alcoholic beverages and other foods. The name is derived from a Brazilian vernacular word for members of the genus.[3]

Description[edit]

These are 'feather palms', having pinnate leaves up to 3m long including petiole which usually have a distinct downward arch. The species vary from nearly stemless plants rarely exceeding 40 cm tall (e.g. Butia campicola) to small trees up to 12m tall (e.g. B. yatay).

Butia odorata is notable as one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about −10 °C; it is widely cultivated in warm temperate to subtropical regions.

Species[edit]

Accepted species:[2][4][5][6]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Flickr - João de Deus Medeiros - Butia archeri.jpg Butia archeri (Glassman) Glassman Goiás, Brasília, Minas Gerais, São Paulo
Butia arenicola (Barb.Rodr.) Burret Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
Butia campicola (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
Butia capitata kz5.jpg Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc. Minas Gerais, Goiás, Bahia
Butia catarinensis Noblick & Lorenzi Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina
Butia eriospatha kz1.JPG Butia eriospatha (Mart. ex Drude) Becc. – Woolly butia palm[7] Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina
Butia exilata Deble & Marchiori Rio Grande do Sul
Butia exospadix Noblick Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
Butia lallemantii.jpg Butia lallemantii Deble & Marchiori Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
Butia lepidotispatha Noblick Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
Butia leptospatha (Burret) Noblick Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
Butia marmorii Noblick Alto Paraná in Paraguay
Butia matogrossensis Noblick & Lorenzi Mato Grosso do Sul
Butia microspadix Burret Paraná, São Paulo
Butia capitata Madrid.jpg Butia odorata (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick – South American jelly palm,[1] jelly palm,[1][7] pindo palm[1] Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
Butia paraguayensis.jpg Butia paraguayensis (Barb.Rodr.) L.H.Bailey – Dwarf yatay palm[7] Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
Butia pubispatha Noblick & Lorenzi Paraná
Butia purpurascens Glassman Goiás, Minas Gerais
Butia witeckii K.Soares & S. Longhi Rio Grande do Sul
Butia yatay kz1.JPG Butia yatay (Mart.) Becc. – Jelly palm,[1][7] yatay palm[1][7] Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay, Argentina

No longer accepted species:[4][5]

New species:[5][8]

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Genus: Butia (Becc.) Becc". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-03-16. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
  4. ^ a b c Soares, Kelen Pureza; Longhi, Solon Jonas; Neto, Leopoldo Witeck; de Assis, Lucas Coelho (2014). "Palmeiras (Arecaceae) no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil". Rodriguésia - Revista do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese). 65 (1): 113–139. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Soares, Kelen Pureza (2015). "Le genre Butia". Principes (in French). 1: 12–57. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  6. ^ Noblick, Larry (January 2014). "Butia: What we think we know about the genus". The Palm Journal - Journal of Oil Palm Research. 208: 5–23. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e Porcher, Michel H. (20 April 2003). "Sorting Butia names". Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND). University of Melbourne. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  8. ^ Deble, Leonardo Paz; Keller, Héctor A.; Da Silva Alves, Fabiano (August 2017). "Resurrection and epitypification of Butia poni (Arecaceae), a neglected palm micro-endemic in the grasslands of Misiones, Argentina". Phytotaxa. 316 (2): 171–180. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.316.2.6. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Butyagrus nabonnandii". Palms. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia. Archived from the original on 2013-05-19. Retrieved 2012-11-14.

External links[edit]