Butte County, South Dakota

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Butte County, South Dakota
BUTTE COUNTY COURTHOUSE, BELLE FOURCHE.jpg
Butte County Courthouse
Map of South Dakota highlighting Butte County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded2 March 1883
6 May 1883
Named forHills in the county
SeatBelle Fourche
Largest cityBelle Fourche
Area
 • Total2,266 sq mi (5,869 km2)
 • Land2,250 sq mi (5,827 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (41 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)10,107
 • Density4.5/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitebutte.sdcounties.org

Butte County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,110.[1] Its county seat is Belle Fourche.[2] The county was established in the Dakota Territory on March 2, 1883, and given the descriptive name based on the French word for a hill.[3]

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

In 1975, plesiosaur fossils dating to the Cretaceous Period (ca. 110 million years ago) were discovered in Butte County. In the 1980s, a 90-million-year-old fossil of a clawless lobster was discovered. A Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton was found in 1981.

The early human history of the Belle Fourche River Valley has been traced to about 3000 BC. The first people of the area were Native Americans who resided on the northwestern plains of North America. The earliest known evidence of human activity in the area dates to the Middle Plains Archaic Period of the Plains Indians (ca. 3000–1500 BC). Traces of tipi rings dating from this period have been found. In 1979 and 1980, archeologists excavated a fortified and previously inhabited site west of Belle Fourche that dated to AD 1000. This site was called the Smiley-Evans Site and had been recorded in 1959. Until 1984, only 47 archaeological sites had been recorded, but after the excavation of the Smiley-Evans Site, several investigations were undertaken. As of 1989, 199 archaeological sites have been discovered in the county.[4]

Geography[edit]

Butte County lies on the west edge of South Dakota. Its northwestern boundary line abuts the eastern boundary line of the state of Montana, and its southwestern boundary line abuts the eastern boundary line of the state of Wyoming. The Butte County terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills cut by drainages oriented NW-SE. A relatively small portion of the area is dedicated to agriculture, including the employment of center pivot irrigation.[5] The terrain slopes to the southeast, and its highest point is on the western boundary line near the SW corner: 3,865' (1178m) ASL.[6]

The county has a total area of 2,266 square miles (5,870 km2), of which 2,250 square miles (5,800 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Belle Fourche Dam State Game Production Area
  • Belle Fourche National Wildlife Refuge [8]
  • Newell Lake State Game Production Area
  • Newell Lake State Lakeside Use Area
  • Rocky Point State Recreation Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,037
19002,907180.3%
19104,99371.8%
19206,81936.6%
19308,58926.0%
19408,004−6.8%
19508,1612.0%
19608,5925.3%
19707,825−8.9%
19808,3727.0%
19907,914−5.5%
20009,09414.9%
201010,11011.2%
Est. 201810,222[9]1.1%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[14] there were 9,094 people, 3,516 households, and 2,468 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 4,059 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 1.09% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% were of German, 10.0% Norwegian, 8.2% United States or American, 7.8% Irish and 7.7% English ancestry.

There were 3,516 households out of which 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.

The county population contained 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,040, and the median income for a family was $34,173. Males had a median income of $26,769 versus $15,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,997. About 9.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,110 people, 4,160 households, and 2,786 families in the county.[15] The population density was 4.5 inhabitants per square mile (1.7/km2). There were 4,621 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile (0.81/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 94.2% white, 1.9% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 40.9% were German, 16.6% were Irish, 15.7% were Norwegian, 10.4% were English, and 5.2% were American.[17]

Of the 4,160 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, and 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.1 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,041 and the median income for a family was $52,829. Males had a median income of $37,429 versus $25,273 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,418. About 11.5% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Like most of South Dakota, Butte County is a Republican stronghold. No Democratic Presidential candidate has carried Butte County since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. Although Roosevelt in the following 1936 election and Lyndon Johnson in 1964 came within six and fourteen votes of claiming the county during landslide Democratic victories, apart from these no Democratic Presidential candidate since 1920 has reached forty percent of the county’s vote.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[24]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.2% 3,357 16.0% 696 6.9% 298
2012 73.0% 3,073 23.8% 1,002 3.2% 133
2008 66.3% 2,821 30.7% 1,306 3.0% 129
2004 74.1% 3,166 23.6% 1,009 2.3% 96
2000 74.8% 2,760 22.8% 840 2.4% 89
1996 53.2% 1,947 31.0% 1,132 15.8% 578
1992 45.2% 1,674 26.3% 973 28.5% 1,053
1988 64.0% 2,291 35.1% 1,256 1.0% 35
1984 78.1% 2,865 21.4% 784 0.5% 18
1980 73.1% 2,850 21.6% 843 5.3% 205
1976 59.2% 2,055 39.3% 1,366 1.5% 51
1972 68.8% 2,452 30.5% 1,085 0.7% 26
1968 63.3% 2,090 30.8% 1,017 5.9% 196
1964 50.2% 1,877 49.8% 1,863
1960 65.4% 2,496 34.6% 1,318
1956 68.5% 2,231 31.5% 1,028
1952 76.3% 2,689 23.7% 837
1948 60.7% 1,726 37.5% 1,065 1.8% 51
1944 66.3% 1,824 33.7% 928
1940 61.0% 2,164 39.0% 1,384
1936 48.5% 1,525 48.3% 1,519 3.2% 101
1932 47.8% 1,594 50.5% 1,684 1.8% 59
1928 69.4% 1,988 29.3% 840 1.3% 38
1924 55.6% 1,199 12.8% 277 31.6% 681
1920 54.5% 1,722 21.3% 672 24.2% 765
1916 33.3% 537 57.7% 930 9.0% 145
1912 41.1% 601 58.9% 862
1908 60.2% 1,636 33.7% 915 6.1% 166
1904 67.3% 793 28.0% 330 4.7% 55
1900 53.2% 492 45.4% 420 1.4% 13
1896 43.5% 222 56.1% 286 0.4% 2
1892 40.1% 154 7.3% 28 52.6% 202

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), pp. 68, 479
  4. ^ Engebretson, Pat; Heck, Kay; Herrett, Helen (1989). A History of Butte County, South Dakota. Dallas TX: Curtis Media. ISBN 0-88107-139-0.
  5. ^ Butte County SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Belle Fourche National Wildlife Refuge, Belle Fourche SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  19. ^ Arpan SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  20. ^ Castle Rock SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  21. ^ East Butte SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  22. ^ Hoover SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  23. ^ West Butte Unorganized Territory SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  24. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

Coordinates: 44°55′N 103°29′W / 44.91°N 103.49°W / 44.91; -103.49