Butter chicken

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Butter chicken
Chicken makhani.jpg
Alternative names Murgh makhani
Place of origin India
Region or state Delhi[1][2][3][4][5][6]
Created by Kundan Lal Jaggi, Kundan Lal Gujral and Thakur Dass[4][5]
Main ingredients Butter, tomatoes, chicken
Cookbook: Butter chicken  Media: Butter chicken

Butter chicken or murgh makhani (Hindi: मुर्ग़ मक्खनी) (pronounced [mʊrg məkʰniː]) is a dish, originating from the Indian subcontinent, of chicken in a mildly spiced curry sauce. It is commonly eaten in the capital of India, Delhi.

History and cuisine[edit]

The dish has its roots in Moti Mahal Daryaganj. It was developed by three Indians, Kundan Lal Jaggi, Kundan Lal Gujral and Thakur Dass all Punjabi Hindu restaurateurs[7][1][8][9] who were the founders of Moti Mahal restaurant in Delhi, India.[10][11][12][13][14][15]

The dish was created by the three partners at their restaurant in Delhi in the 1950s.[1][2] The dish was made "By Chance" by mixing the leftover chicken in a tomato gravy, rich in butter and cream.[16][17][8]

In Australia and New Zealand, it is also a common pie filling.[18][19][20]


Chicken is marinated for several hours in a lemon juice, dahi (yogurt) and spice mixture. The spices may include garam masala, ginger, garlic, pepper, coriander, cumin, turmeric and chili.

The chicken is usually cooked in a tandoor (traditional clay oven), but may be grilled, roasted, or pan fried. It is served in a mild curry sauce that includes butter. There are many variations on the composition and spicing of the sauce. Spices may include cardamom, cumin, cloves, cinnamon, coriander, pepper and fenugreek (Punjabi/Hindi: kasuri methi). Cream may be used in the sauce or as a garnish. Cashew paste may be used as a thickener.

Garnishes can include butter, cream, green chillies, coriander, and fenugreek.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Partition brought Moti Mahal, a landmark in India's culinary history, to central Delhi". www.sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Delhi's original butter chicken – The Hindustan Times". Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Laura Siciliano-Rosen. "Delhi Food and Travel Guide: The inside scoop on the best North Indian foods". 
  4. ^ a b Gujral, Monish (7 March 2013). On the Butter Chicken Trail: A Dehli Darbar Cookbook (1.0 ed.). Delhi, India: Penguin India. ISBN 9780143419860. 
  5. ^ a b Hosking, Richard (8 August 2006). Authenticity in the kitchen : proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on food and cookery 2005 (1 ed.). Blackawton: Prospect Books. p. 393. ISBN 9781903018477. 
  6. ^ "Origin of Butter Chicken – Indian or English?". Indian Street Food Co. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Punjab on a platter". 31 March 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  8. ^ a b Singh, Shivani (August 14, 2017). "‘Vadiya Khao’: Refugees taught Delhi how to eat out in style". Hindustan Times.
  9. ^ Laura Siciliano-Rosen. "Delhi Food and Travel Guide: The inside scoop on the best North Indian foods". 
  10. ^ Gujral, Monish (20 Mar 2013). The Moti Mahal Cookbook. Penguin Books India. ISBN 9780143419860. 
  11. ^ "On a journey's trail". The Hindu. 28 November 2009. 
  12. ^ Bararia, Anu. "Had I not re-invented the brand, Moti Mahal would have become a thing of the past than a legacy to the future". India Hospitality Review. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  13. ^ "Restaurant chain Moti Mahal Deluxe opens outlet in Shimla". Himachal Live News. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Akhtar, Nazia (3 November 2009). "Moti Mahal brings Mughalia cuisines to Kashmir". Greater Kashmir Srinagar. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Famous Indian Restaurant Moti Mahal Tandoori Franchise Open in Oman". Franchise Mart. 
  16. ^ "Hospitality Biz India :: ICC 2017 by IFCA - Showcasing the culinary spirit of IndiaKundan". www.hospitalitybizindia.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  17. ^ "What If Kundan Lal Hadn't Hit Upon Butter Chicken?". Outlook India. August 14, 2004. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  18. ^ Angela Saurine (2015-05-26). "The best pies in Sydney and regional NSW revealed". The Daily Telegraph. 
  19. ^ Rob Broadfield (2017-11-18). "Rob Broadfield: Taste testing Mrs Mac's new Perth Stadium range of pies". The West Australian. 
  20. ^ "An eye for the perfect pie". New Zealand Herald. 2015-06-28.