Butterfield Overland Mail in New Mexico Territory

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The Butterfield Overland Mail was a transport and mail delivery system that employed stagecoaches that traveled on a specific route between Saint Louis, Missouri and San Francisco, California and which passed through the New Mexico Territory. It was created by the United States Congress on March 3, 1857, and operated until March 30, 1861. The route that was operated extended from where the ferry across the Colorado River to Fort Yuma Station, California was located, through New Mexico Territory via, Tucson to the Rio Grande and Mesilla, New Mexico then south to Franklin, Texas, midpoint on the route. The New Mexico Territory mail route was divided into two divisions each under a superintendent. Tucson was the headquarters of the 3rd Division of the Butterfield Overland Mail Company. Franklin Station in the town of Franklin, (now El Paso, Texas), was headquarters of the 4th Division.

Stations[edit]

List of stations within two divisions:[1]

3rd Division[edit]

4th Division[edit]

5th Division[edit]

5th Division Stations in New Mexico Territory. These were located on Captain Pope's New Road to Franklin (1st route used, until August 1, 1859 when route was moved to the Lower Road.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of Stations from New York Times, October 14 1858, Itinerary of the Route
  2. ^ a b c d e f g THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. CHAPTER LXII. OPERATIONS ON THE PACIFIC COAST. JANUARY 1, 1861–JUNE 30, 1865. PART I., CORRESPONDENCE., p.1056, itinerary of the marches from Fort Yuma to Pima Villages, made by Lieutenant-Colonel West
  3. ^ Flap Jack Stage Station, Arizona, c. 1900, from Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Image Collection; Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Collection
  4. ^ Stanwix Stage Station, Maricopa County, Arizona, c. 1873, from Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Image Collection; Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Collection
  5. ^ Ruins of Oatman Flat Stage Station, Oatman, AZ, c. 1910, from Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Image Collection; Sharlot Hall Museum Transportation Collection
  6. ^ a b Sanders, Kirby, Butterfield Overland Mail Route Through New Mexico and Arizona, Kirby Sanders and Amazon Createspace, 2013
  7. ^ a b c d THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. CHAPTER LXII. OPERATIONS ON THE PACIFIC COAST. JANUARY 1, 1861–JUNE 30, 1865. PART I., CORRESPONDENCE., pp.1017-1018, Distances from Los Angeles, Cal., eastward to Mesilla, NM Territory
  8. ^ The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol. L, United States. War Dept, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1897, p.121, this station shortened the route between Dragoon Springs and Apache pass by 9 miles.
  9. ^ The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol. L, United States. War Dept, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1897, p.122
  10. ^ 32°20′26″N 108°39′29″W / 32.34056°N 108.65806°W / 32.34056; -108.65806
  11. ^ A. C. Greene, 900 Miles on the Butterfield Trail, p.75

External links[edit]