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St. Mary's church, Buttsbury - geograph.org.uk - 895929.jpg
St. Mary's church
Buttsbury is located in Essex
Location within Essex
OS grid referenceTQ6698
Civil parish
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBillericay
Post townIngatestone
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
51°39′N 0°23′E / 51.65°N 00.39°E / 51.65; 00.39Coordinates: 51°39′N 0°23′E / 51.65°N 00.39°E / 51.65; 00.39

Buttsbury is a village and former 2,079-acre (8.4 km2) civil parish (once ancient parish) in the Chelmsford District of Essex, England, a contraction of Botulph's Pirie, a major saint who died in 680.[1] It is sometimes surmised that the name refers to a tree under which St Botolph preached.[2] The civil parish was merged into Stock in 1936.[3] In 1931 the civil parish had a population of 1709.[4]


It is centred on minor roads between the towns of Ingatestone and Billericay. The parish technically starts immediately north of the old centre of Billericay and extends around the south, west and north sides of Stock.[5]


The parish shown south-east of Ingatestone in the 1872-1890 Ordnance Survey Map

The land of Buttsbury has since the early medieval period been mainly agricultural, with some remaining areas of woodland. Of working adult men, in 1831, 84, a clear majority, worked in agriculture. The other three working sectors were: manufacturing: nil, retail and handicraft: 43 and other: 13.[6] This remained the situation by 1881, by which time 18 of the women residents were domestic servants.[7]

Acres of crops in 1801[8]
Wheat 288
Barley 37
Oats 173
Potatoes 16
Peas 95
Beans 60
Turnips or Rape 11
Rye 7

In the early 1870s Buttsbury had 531 residents divided across 109 houses.[1] A wave of early 20th century building was coupled with better general health especially lower infant mortality rates. Between 1911 and 1921 the population rose from 697 to 863, notwithstanding World War I in that period. In the following ten years it rose to 1,709.[9]

Year Houses[10]
1831 106
1841 123
1851 121
1881 119
1891 123
1901 136
1921 201
1931 467


  1. ^ a b "History of Buttsbury, in Chelmsford and Essex - Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed.
  3. ^ "Relationships and changes Buttsbury AP/CP through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Population Statistics Ridlington AP/CP through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10235777/boundary
  6. ^ "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Industry Statistics - Males aged 20 and over, in four industrial categories". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
  7. ^ "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Industry Statistics - Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
  8. ^ "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Agriculture and Land Use Statistics - 1801 Crop Acreages". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
  9. ^ "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Population Statistics - Total Population". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
  10. ^ "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Housing Statistics - Total Houses". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.

External links[edit]

Media related to Buttsbury at Wikimedia Commons