Butuanon people

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Total population
(1,420,000 (2000 census))
Regions with significant populations
Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Misamis Oriental
Cebuano, Tagalog, Butuanon, English
predominantly Roman Catholic, others
Related ethnic groups
other Visayans, other Filipinos, Other Austronesians groups (especially Indonesians, (Dayak, Malays, Meratus Dayak and other non-Muslim Pribumi)

The Butuanon are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. The Butuanon are one of the smallest Visayan ethnic groups. As with the Surigaonons, the Butuanons are also previously considered as Cebuanos.


Butuanons live in the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. Some live in Misamis Oriental or in Surigao del Norte, all of which are in the northeastern corner of Mindanao.


Butuanons number about 1,420,000. They are the descendants of Austronesian-speaking immigrants who came from South China during the Iron Age. Most Butuanon nowadays primarily speak the Cebuano language, because of the mass influx of Cebuano settlers to Mindanao, and Filipino, English as second languages. Most are Roman Catholics, while some are Protestants.