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Buuhoodle is located in Somalia
Location in Somalia.
Coordinates: 8°13′50″N 46°19′36″E / 8.23056°N 46.32667°E / 8.23056; 46.32667Coordinates: 8°13′50″N 46°19′36″E / 8.23056°N 46.32667°E / 8.23056; 46.32667
Country  Somalia
State Khatumo
Region Cayn
District Buuhoodle
 • Total 39,428 (district)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Buhoodle (Somali: Buuhoodle, Arabic: بووهودل‎), also known as Bohotle, is the capital of the northern Cayn region in Somalia. It is the second biggest city of Khatumo State of Somalia.


Main article: Dervish State

Buuhoodle is an historical city. It is where Mohamed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish nationalist and anti-colonial movement began.

Buhoodle is located on the border between Somalia and Ethiopia. It is serves as a commercial hub for the movement of goods to and from Bosaso, Garowe, Las Anod, Galkayo, Wardheer, Burao, the surrounding area, and the Ogaden. The city is rich in livestock as well as agriculture, and has grow considerably since 1993. Today, Buuhoodle has modern communication systems such as cell phones, land-line phones, and internet services. It also has modern hotels, as well as a new hospital constructed in 2008. Additionally, a water supply network was built in 2010 by young local residents.

Buhoodle and its environs are disputed by the Puntland and Somaliland autonomous macro-regions of Somalia.[1] Somaliland forces by claiming Buhodle is a part of their administration, entered the town on 15 May 2010, to convince the world that they control all earlier British Somaliland territory. The forces backed by the local civilians in the town and its surroundings, leaving at least 100 dead on 190 wounded. Conflicts later flared up again the following year, but were eventually resolved in early 2012, with the official withdrawal of Somaliland troops to a 50 km radius of the city's perimeter.[2]

In June 2014, the Puntland government launched a new tree-planting campaign in the state, with the regional Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism slated to plant 25,000 trees by the end of the year. Buuhoodle is among the seven cities and towns earmarked for the reforestation initiative, which also include Garowe, Bosaso, Qardho, Baran, Dhahar and Galkayo. The campaign is part of a broader partnership between the Puntland authorities and EU to set up various environmental protection measures in the region, with the aim of promoting reforestation and afforestation.[3]


The broader Buuhoodle District has a total population of 38,428 residents.[4] Buuhoodle is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante especially well-represented.[5]


Buuhoodle has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 12 primary schools in the Buuhoodle District. Among these are H/dh Abu-Bakar Sadiq, H/dh Al-Najax, H/dh Al-Furqan and Qararo.[6] Secondary schools in the area include Howd and Samatar Bahman.[7]

For higher studies, Buuhoodle is served by the East Africa University (EAU). The institution opened a seventh branch in the town on 18 April 2012 to serve pupils from the Cayn region.[8]


For air transportation, Buuhoodle is served by the Ismail Mire International Airport. It began providing flights to and from the town in April 2014.[9]

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ "Puntland State". Puntland State Government. Retrieved 2007-02-06. 
  2. ^ "Somalia: Former Militia Leader Joins Somaliland Cabinet". Garowe Online. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Somalia: World Environment Day celebrated in Puntland, Govt calls for tree plantation". Garowe Online. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Diedrich Westermann, Edwin William Smith, Cyril Daryll Forde (2009). Africa, Volume 79, Issue 2. Oxford University Press. p. 266. 
  6. ^ "Puntland - Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Puntland - Secondary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Buhodle Campus". East Africa University. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "The boys of Kalshaale celebrate the historic landing of first airplane in Buhodle City". Horufadhi. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.