Buxar district

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Buxar district
Landscape of Paddy Fields near Buxar Town, Bihar.jpg
Location of Buxar district in Bihar
Location of Buxar district in Bihar
Map divisions of Buxar district
Map divisions of Buxar district
Coordinates (Buxar): 25°33′53″N 83°58′40″E / 25.56472°N 83.97778°E / 25.56472; 83.97778
 • Member of ParliamentAshwini Kumar Choubey
 • District MagistrateAman Samir (IAS)
 • Total1,624 km2 (627 sq mi)
 • Total1,706,352
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationBR-44
Major HighwaysNH-84

Buxar district is one of the 38 districts of Bihar, India. Located in the southwestern part of the state, it is a primarily agricultural district. The district headquarters is at the town of Buxar.


According to local traditions, the name Buxar is derived from a lake in the town named Aghsar (effacer of Sin), which in course of time became Baghsar and took the present form that is Buxar. Another vedic legend states that, a sage or rishi named Besira transformed himself to take the look of a Tiger to frighten Durvasa rishi, and doomed by him to retain the form of Tiger forever. In order to restore his human form, Bedsira bathed in the holy pond of Aghsar and worshipped Garushankar. To commemorate this event the spot was called Vyaghrasar and later became Baghsar (The Tiger's pond).[1]


Buxar district is located in the southwestern part of the state of Bihar, bordered by Rohtas and Kaimur districts to the south, and by Bhojpur district to the east. To the north and west, respectively, the Ganges and Karmanasa Rivers form the boundary with the state of Uttar Pradesh.[2] In Uttar Pradesh, the district of Ballia is to the north and west of Buxar and that of Ghazipur lies to the west.)[3]

Buxar district covers an area of 1,703 km2, roughly 1.8% of the total area of Bihar, making it the 30th largest district in the state by area. Much of the district consists of an alluvial plain, gently sloping downward toward the northeast, with a height ranging from 71m above sea level in the south to 66m in the north. The soil consists of ustifs, ochrepts, orthents, fluvents, and psamments.[2]

The district formerly had large areas of forest cover, but deforestation caused by clearing land for agriculture has significantly reduced its area. This has also caused wildlife in the area to dramatically decline in numbers. Common trees in the forests of Buxar district are mango, seasum, mahua, and bamboo. Their main human use is as firewood. Additionally, long jhalas grass grows near the Ganges and is used to make roofs for kuccha houses.[2]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Buxar District
Religion Percent
Not Stated

According to the 2011 census, Buxar district has a population of 1,706,352[5] (roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[6] or the US state of Nebraska[7]). This gives it a ranking of 285th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] With 1.6% of the total population of Bihar, Buxar district is ranked 29th in the state by population.[2] The district has a population density of 1,003 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,600/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.67%.[5] Buxar has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1,000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 70.14%.[5]


Languages in Buxar (2011)[8]

  Bhojpuri (97.57%)
  Hindi (1.6%)
  Urdu (0.74%)
  Others (0.16%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 97.57 of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri 0.75% Urdu as their first language.[9]


It is said that Ahilya, the wife of Gautam Rishi restored her human body from that of stone and got salvation by a mere touch of the feet of Lord Rama. This place is now known as Ahirauli, and is situated six kilometers away from Buxar. The Kanwaldah Pokhara, also known as VyaghraSar, is today a tourist destination. It is in this district that sage Vishwamitra's Hermitage was situated. Chaitra Van, the forest where demoness Tadaka lived and was killed by Shri Ram, is also situated in Buxar.[10]


The Battle of Buxar and Battle of Chausa were fought in this district.[11][12][13]

The present district was created on 17th March 1991, when it was split off from Bhojpur district.[2]


Buxar district is divided 11 community development blocks, grouped together into 2 subdivisions based at Buxar and Dumraon.[3]

Of these, the most populous is Buxar and the least populous is Kesath.[2]

There are 1,133 villages and 142 gram panchayats in Buxar district.[2]

The district contains the following towns:[2]

Town name Block Class Population (in 2011)
Buxar Buxar Nagar parishad 102,861
Dumraon Dumraon Nagar parishad 53,618
Sarimpur Buxar Census town 8,020


Buxar district is mainly agricultural. Major crops include rice (especially winter rice), wheat, barley, and pulses, the most important of which is gram. Arhar, khesari, and masur are other pulses grown in Buxar. Other important crops include oil seed and sugar cane.[2]

Industry and commerce are mainly concentrated in the cities of Buxar and Dumraon, which both have soap and furniture manufacturers as well as the main wholesale markets in the district.[3]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bihar And Orissa Gazetteers Shahabad. p. 163. ISBN 8172681224.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Census of India 2011: Bihar District Census Handbook - Buxar, Part A (Village and Town Directory)". Census 2011 India. pp. 19–20, 23–98, 681–82, 730–746. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "About District/". Buxar. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nebraska 1,826,341
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  10. ^ ""Buxar history"". Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  11. ^ "Battle of Buxar : Venue, Date, Reasons, Winner, Loser, Aftermath, Significance". www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Battle of Buxar | Summary". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  13. ^ "The new battles of Buxar". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 January 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°33′56″N 83°58′33″E / 25.5656°N 83.9757°E / 25.5656; 83.9757