Buxton railway station
|Local authority||High Peak|
|Number of platforms||2|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Original company||Stockport, Disley and Whaley Bridge Railway|
|Pre-grouping||London and North Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|15 June 1863||Station opened|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Buxton from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Buxton railway station is a railway station that serves the town of Buxton in Derbyshire, England. It is managed and served by Northern. The station is 25 3⁄4 miles (41.4 km) south east of Manchester Piccadilly and is the terminus of the Buxton Line.
There is generally an hourly service daily (including Sundays) between Buxton and Manchester Piccadilly, taking about one hour. The service frequency is enhanced to about half-hourly in the morning and evening peaks. A limited number of trains (currently seven on weekdays in total) work through beyond Manchester, with one train each of to/from Blackpool North, Clitheroe, Barrow-in-Furness, Wigan North Western, Wigan Wallgate, Preston and Bolton.
Platform 2 is the main platform for arrivals and departures. Platform 1 is a departure platform by shunt move, which is usually used in early mornings by the first trains of the day which have been stabled overnight or when attachment/detachment of a unit to/from a formation is required.
Network Rail has proposed, in their North West RUS, installing a facing cross-over which will allow platform 1 to become fully operational as an arrival and departure platform. Doing this will reduce the number of shunt moves.
Two railways arrived in Buxton almost simultaneously in 1863. The Stockport, Disley and Whaley Bridge Railway, heavily promoted by the LNWR, built its line from Manchester to Whaley Bridge and extended it to Buxton. Meanwhile, the Midland Railway extended the Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway from Rowsley. When the Midland extended its main line to New Mills in 1867, to bypass the LNWR, Buxton became a branch line from Millers Dale. The stations were side by side, with identical frontages designed by J. Smith with guidance from Joseph Paxton, each having a wrought iron glazed train shed.
The Midland station closed in 1967, along with the line to Rowsley, and the site is now a roadway. However, the line through Dove Holes Tunnel from Chinley is still used for freight, such as limestone from Tunstead, along with the old Midland branch into Buxton. The LNWR station now handles local trains into Manchester, using its line through Dove Holes and Chapel-en-le-Frith. The surviving LNWR fan window has been restored and the external stonework cleaned.
- A runaway limestone train demolished the boiler room and gents toilet and damaged the porters' room in 1897, killing a passenger and injuring a porter.
- A LNWR Class B boiler blew up in the station yard in 1921, killing the driver and fireman.
Station exterior in 1965. The present station is on the left, and the former Midland Railway station, now closed, is in the centre of the picture.
- "What the railways are doing". Railway Magazine. September 1897. p. 282. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
- "Accident at Buxton on 11th November 1921 :: The Railways Archive". www.railwaysarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
- Radford, B., (1988) Midland Though The Peak Unicorn Books
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1953) (revised Elizabeth Williamson 1978). The Buildings of England: Derbyshire. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071008-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buxton railway station.|
- Train times and station information for Buxton railway station from National Rail
- English Heritage – Buxton station frontage
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|