Buyan-class corvette

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«Волгодонск».jpg
Град Свияжск.jpg
Buyan-class corvette (pr 21630)
Buyan-M-class corvette (pr 21631)
Class overview
Name: Buyan class or Project 21630
Builders:
Operators:  Russian Navy
Succeeded by: Karakurt-class corvette
Subclasses:
  • Project 21631 "Buyan-M"
  • Project 21632 "Tornado"
Planned: 15
Building: 5
Completed: 10
Active: 10
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement:
  • 500 tons standard (project 21630)[1]
  • 949 tons full (project 21631)[2]
Length:
  • 62 m (203 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 75 m (246 ft) (21631)[2]
Beam:
  • 9.6 m (31 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 11 m (36 ft) (21631)[2]
Height: 6.57 m (22 ft)
Draft:
  • 2 m (7 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 2.5 m (8 ft) (21631)[2]
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 x Zvezda M520, 14,584 shp (10,880 kW) and Kolomna Diesel, Pumpjet.
Speed:
  • 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) (21630)[1]
  • 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) (21631)[2]
Range:
  • 1,500 nmi (2,800 km; 1,700 mi) (21630)[1]
  • 2,300 nmi (4,300 km; 2,600 mi) at 12 knots (21631)[2]
Endurance: 10 days[2]
Complement:
  • 29-36 (21630)[1]
  • 52 (21631)[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: MR-352 Pozitiv-M1.2 phased array radar system (Pozitiv-ME1.2 for export)[3]
  • Fire Control: 5P-10-03 Laska (5P-10-03E for export)[3]
  • Sonar: Anapa-M suite (Anapa-ME for export)[3]
  • Navigational Radar: MR-231 Pal[3]
  • Other: 1 x electro-optical surveillance device
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
2 × PK-10 decoy launchers[3]
Armament:

The Buyan-class (Project 21630) of corvettes is a heavily armed gunboat designed for littoral operations in the Caspian Sea by the Russian Federation Navy. Designed by Zelenodolsk Design Bureau and built by Almaz shipyard facilities in St. Petersburg, Russia, the first ship of her class, Astrakhan (017), was commissioned on 1 September 2006, and assigned to the Caspian Flotilla.[5][6]

Design[edit]

In August 2010 some information about newly modified Project 21631 ships was published. The lead ship of this project, Grad Sviyazhsk, was laid down on 27 August 2010. This ship is a missile version of Project 21630 "Buyan" small-size gunnery ship and is dubbed as "Buyan-M". This ship of Project 21631 is dedicated to the defense of national economic zones and its main purpose is engagement of surface warships. This is going to be an up-to-date ship armed with missile and artillery weapons, and equipped with electronic countermeasure equipment. The Buyan-M class corvettes are said to be armed with nuclear-capable Kalibr cruise missiles (NATO code name Sizzler) with a claimed range of at least 1,500 km.[7] The ships' small size and displacement enable them to operate within inland river systems, including traversing the Moscow Canal which allows them to deploy to various seas around western Russia. This is a particular advantage for the Buyan-M series, because while the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty prohibits long-range cruise missiles from operating on land they can operate from ships, so a river-based corvette can deploy missiles without being subject to restrictions.[8]

The yard will build five ships including the lead one, since a contract was approved by the Russian defense ministry on 26 May 2010.[9][10]

The export variant of Project 21630, called Project 21632 "Tornado", will be purchased by Kazakhstan.[11]

Operational history[edit]

In October 2015, Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich and Velikiy Ustyug in company with the Gepard-class frigate Dagestan, launched cruise missiles at targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front).[12][13] According to US DoD officials, several of these Kalibr-NK cruise missiles fired from Russian ships crashed in Iran and didn't make it to their intended targets in Syria.[14] An Iranian dissident organizations's TV reported that an "unidentified flying object" crashed and exploded in a village near the Iranian city of Takab.[15]

On 13 February 2016, Zelenyy Dol was reported to have been dispatched from the Black Sea Fleet to serve as part of the Mediterranean task force which is providing support for Russia's intervention in the Syrian Civil War.[16]

On 25 October 2016 two vessels (Zelenyy Dol and Serpukhov) are reported by media to be deployed to the Baltic Sea.[7]

Ships[edit]

Name Project Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Astrakhan 21630 Buyan Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 30 January 2004 7 October 2005 1 September 2006 Caspian Flotilla Active
Volgodonsk 21630 Buyan Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 25 February 2005 6 May 2011[17] 28 December 2011[18] Caspian Flotilla [19] Active
Makhachkala 21630 Buyan Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 24 March 2006 27 April 2012 [20] 4 December 2012[21] Caspian Flotilla Active
Grad Sviyazhsk 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 27 August 2010 9 March 2013[22][23] 27 July 2014[24] Caspian Flotilla Active
Uglich 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 22 July 2011[25] 10 April 2013 27 July 2014 Caspian Flotilla Active
Velikiy Ustyug 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 27 August 2011[26] 21 May 2014[27] 19 December 2014[28][29][30] Caspian Flotilla Active
Zelenyy Dol 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2012[31][32] 2 April 2015 12 December 2015[33] Baltic Fleet[34] Active
Serpukhov[35] 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 25 January 2013[36] 3 April 2015 12 December 2015[37] Baltic Fleet[34] Active
Vyshniy Volochyok 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2013[38] 22 August 2016[39] 1 June 2018[40] Black Sea Fleet Active
Orekhovo-Zuyevo 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 May 2014 19 June 2018[41] 10 December 2018[42] Black Sea Fleet Active
Ingushetiya 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2014[43] 2019 Under construction
Grayvoron 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 10 April 2015[44] 2020 Under construction
Grad 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 24 April 2017[45] 2021 Under construction
Naro-Fominsk 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 23 February 2018[46] 2022 Under construction
Stavropol 21631 Buyan-M Zelenodolsk Shipyard 12 July 2018 2023 Under construction

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Buyan-class Corvette Volgodonsk". rusnavy.com. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Keel-laying of sixth project 21631 ship". zdship.ru. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Малый артиллерийский корабль пр. 21632 «ТОРНАДО» вариант 1. zdship.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/52773/russia-to-equip-buyan-m-corvettes-with-komar-sam-turret
  5. ^ "Russian Navy receives stealth-capable gunboat". sputniknews. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  6. ^ Yanko, Eugene. "21630 Buyan Small Artillery Ship". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b Osborn, Andrew; Johnson, Simon (Oct 26, 2016). "Russia beefs up Baltic Fleet amid NATO tensions: reports". Reuters. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  8. ^ Packing a Punch: Buyan-M Corvettes Built for Russian Navy - Strategic-Culture.org, 26 September 2016
  9. ^ "Zelenodolsky Shipyard to lay down a Project 21631 small-size missile ship". rusnavy.com. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Appearance of Project 21631 small-size missile ship got abroad". rusnavy.com. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  11. ^ Казахстан хочет три малых ракетных корабля "Торнадо". bmpd (in Russian). 8 November 2014. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014.[unreliable source?]
  12. ^ "4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea". rt.com. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  13. ^ Aji, Albert; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (7 October 2015). "Russia fires cruise missiles from warships into Syria". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015..
  14. ^ "Pentagon: Some Russian cruise missiles crashed in Iran". The Washington Post. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  15. ^ "US official: 4 Russian cruise missiles fired from Caspian Sea landed inside Iran soil". People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Zeleny Dol Corvette Enters Mediterranean to Join Russia's Task Force". Sputnik International. 13 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  17. ^ Торжественный спуск "Волгодонска". Docklife.ucoz.ru (in Russian). 6 May 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  18. ^ Малый артиллерийский корабль "Волгодонск" принят в состав ВМФ России. flot.com (in Russian). 28 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  19. ^ "Caspian Flotilla To Receive Two Ships In 2011". rusnavy.com. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  20. ^ Церемония спуска МАК "Махачкала" состоится на СФ "Алмаз" 27 апреля. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 April 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Caspian Flotilla received new Stealth corvette". rusnavy.com. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  22. ^ Пятый "Буян-М" получил наименование "Серпухов". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 17 December 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  23. ^ Спущен на воду малый ракетный корабль «Град Свияжск». Сделано у нас (in Russian). Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  24. ^ На кораблях "Град Свияжск" и "Углич" подняли Военно-Морские флаги. zdship.ru (in Russian). 27 July 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  25. ^ В Зеленодольске заложат новый ракетный корабль для ВМФ России. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 20 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  26. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе имени А.М. Горького состоится закладка третьего МРК типа "Буян". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Великий Устюг" спущен на воду. topwar.ru (in Russian). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  28. ^ Малый ракетный корабль "Великий Устюг" передан ВМФ. bmpd (in Russian). 18 November 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  29. ^ Шесть малых ракетных кораблей пополнят ВМФ России - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер". vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  30. ^ На «Великом Устюге» поднят Андреевский флаг. vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 December 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  31. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе им. А.М. Горького состоится закладка четвертого МРК проекта 21631. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 24 August 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  32. ^ Mevedev, Sergei (3 March 2015). "Russian Black Sea Fleet to get 3 surface ships, two submarines in 2015 — Captain". TASS. Itar-Tass. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-10. Retrieved 2015-12-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ a b ""Зелёный Дол" и "Серпухов" пришли на Мальту, а "Ярослав Мудрый" ушёл из Сеуты". Сделано у нас.
  35. ^ "Fifth Buyan-Class Corvette Gets Name of Serpukhov". rusnavy.com. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  36. ^ Малый ракетный корабль проекта 21631 заложат 25 января в Зеленодольске. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 15 January 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  37. ^ Sputnik. "Russian Warships Equipped With Kalibr Missiles Join Black Sea Fleet". sputniknews.com.
  38. ^ "Work Begins on 6th Missile Boat for Caspian Flotilla". sputniknews. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  39. ^ "В Татарстане спущен на воду МРК 'Вышний Волочек'". 22 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Новейший малый ракетный корабль «Вышний Волочёк» принят в состав Черноморского флота" (Press release) (in Russian). Ministry of Defence of Russia. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  41. ^ http://nws.su/42389-Spusk-MRK-Orehovo-Zuevo-na-Zelenodol-skom-SZ.html
  42. ^ "Latest cruise missile corvette accepted for service in Russian Navy". tass.com. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  43. ^ Зеленодольский завод заложит восьмой малый ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  44. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе заложили очередной ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 10 April 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  45. ^ "Рогозин: "Зеленодольский завод помог Крыму восстановить свою промышленность"". www.tatar-inform.ru.
  46. ^ "11th Project 21631 Corvette Naro-Fominsk Laid for Russian Navy". navyrecognition.com. 25 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.

External links[edit]