Buyan-class corvette

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Caspian Corvette Astrakhan.jpg
Град Свияжск.jpg
Buyan-class corvette (pr 21630)
Buyan-M-class corvette (pr 21631)
Class overview
Name: Buyan class or Project 21630
Builders: Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg
Operators:  Russian Navy
Subclasses:
  • Project 21631 "Buyan-M"
  • Project 21632 "Tornado"
Building: 4
Planned: 15
Completed: 8
Active: 8
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement:
  • 500 tons standard (project 21630)[1]
  • 949 tons full (project 21631)[2]
Length:
  • 62 m (203 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 75 m (246 ft) (21631)[2]
Beam:
  • 9.6 m (31 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 11 m (36 ft) (21631)[2]
Height: 6.57 m (22 ft)
Draft:
  • 2 m (7 ft) (21630)[1]
  • 2.5 m (8 ft) (21631)[2]
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 x Zvezda M520, 14,584 shp (10,880 kW), Pumpjet.
Speed:
  • 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) (21630)[1]
  • 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) (21631)[2]
Range:
  • 1,500 nmi (2,800 km; 1,700 mi) (21630)[1]
  • 2,300 nmi (4,300 km; 2,600 mi) at 12 knots (21631)[2]
Endurance: 10 days[2]
Complement:
  • 29-36 (21630)[1]
  • 52 (21631)[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: MR-352 Pozitiv-M1.2 phased array radar system (Pozitiv-ME1.2 for export)[3]
  • Fire Control: 5P-10-03 Laska (5P-10-03E for export)[3]
  • Sonar: Anapa-M suite (Anapa-ME for export)[3]
  • Navigational Radar: MR-231 Pal[3]
  • Other: 1 x electro-optical surveillance device
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
2 × PK-10 decoy [3]
Armament:

The Buyan-class corvette was designed by Zelenodolsk Design and designated Project 21630 by the Russian Government. This is one of the newest corvettes of the Russian Navy. The first ship of her class, Astrakhan, was commissioned in September 2006, and assigned to the Caspian Flotilla.[5][6]

In August 2010 some information about newly modified Project 21631 ships was published. The lead ship of this project, Grad Sviyazhsk, was laid down on 27 August 2010. This ship is a missile version of Project 21630 "Buyan" small-size gunnery ship and is dubbed as "Buyan-M". This ship of Project 21631 is dedicated to the defense of national economic zones and its main purpose is engagement of surface warships. This is going to be an up-to-date ship armed with missile and artillery weapons, and equipped with electronic countermeasure equipment. The yard will build five ships including the lead one, since a contract was approved by the Russian defense ministry on 26 May 2010.[7][8]

One of the export variants of Project 21630, called Project 21632 "Tornado", will be purchased by Kazakhstan.[9]

Ships[edit]

Buyan class — significant dates
Name Project Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Astrakhan 21630 Sankt-Peterburg 30 January 2004 7 October 2005 1 September 2006 Caspian Active
Volgodonsk 21630 Sankt-Peterburg 25 February 2005 6 May 2011[10] 28 December 2011[11] Caspian[12] Active
Makhachkala 21630 Sankt-Peterburg 24 March 2006 27 April 2012 [13] 4 December 2012[14] Caspian Active
Grad Sviyazhsk 21631 Zelenodolsk 27 August 2010 9 March 2013[15][16] 27 July 2014[17] Caspian Active
Uglich 21631 Zelenodolsk 22 July 2011[18] 10 April 2013 27 July 2014 Caspian Active
Velikiy Ustyug 21631 Zelenodolsk 27 August 2011[19] 21 May 2014[20] 19 December 2014[21][22][23] Caspian Active
Zelenyy Dol 21631 Zelenodolsk 29 August 2012[24][25] 2 April 2015 12 December 2015[26] Black Sea Fleet Active
Serpukhov[27] 21631 Zelenodolsk 25 January 2013[28] 3 April 2015 12 December 2015[29] Black Sea Fleet Active
Vyshniy Volochek 21631 Zelenodolsk 29 August 2013[30] 2016
Orekhovo-Zuyevo 21631 Zelenodolsk 29 May 2014 2017
Ingushetiya 21631 Zelenodolsk 29 August 2014[31] 2017
Grayvoron 21631 Zelenodolsk 10 April 2015[32] 2018

Service[edit]

In October 2015, Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich and Velikiy Ustyug in company with the Gepard-class frigate Dagestan, launched cruise missiles at targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front).[33][34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Buyan-class Corvette Volgodonsk". rusnavy.com. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Keel-laying of sixth project 21631 ship". zdship.ru. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Малый артиллерийский корабль пр. 21632 «ТОРНАДО» вариант 1. zdship.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/52773/russia-to-equip-buyan-m-corvettes-with-komar-sam-turret
  5. ^ "Russian Navy receives stealth-capable gunboat". sputniknews. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Yanko, Eugene. "21630 Buyan Small Artillery Ship". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Zelenodolsky Shipyard to lay down a Project 21631 small-size missile ship". rusnavy.com. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Appearance of Project 21631 small-size missile ship got abroad". rusnavy.com. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Казахстан хочет три малых ракетных корабля "Торнадо". bmpd (in Russian). 8 November 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014. [unreliable source?]
  10. ^ Торжественный спуск "Волгодонска". Docklife.ucoz.ru (in Russian). 6 May 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  11. ^ Малый артиллерийский корабль "Волгодонск" принят в состав ВМФ России. flot.com (in Russian). 28 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Caspian Flotilla To Receive Two Ships In 2011". rusnavy.com. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Церемония спуска МАК "Махачкала" состоится на СФ "Алмаз" 27 апреля. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 April 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Caspian Flotilla received new Stealth corvette". rusnavy.com. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  15. ^ Пятый "Буян-М" получил наименование "Серпухов". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 17 December 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  16. ^ Спущен на воду малый ракетный корабль «Град Свияжск». Сделано у нас (in Russian). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  17. ^ На кораблях "Град Свияжск" и "Углич" подняли Военно-Морские флаги. zdship.ru (in Russian). 27 July 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  18. ^ В Зеленодольске заложат новый ракетный корабль для ВМФ России. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 20 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  19. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе имени А.М. Горького состоится закладка третьего МРК типа "Буян". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Великий Устюг" спущен на воду. topwar.ru (in Russian). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  21. ^ Малый ракетный корабль "Великий Устюг" передан ВМФ. bmpd (in Russian). 18 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  22. ^ Шесть малых ракетных кораблей пополнят ВМФ России - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер". vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  23. ^ На «Великом Устюге» поднят Андреевский флаг. vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 December 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  24. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе им. А.М. Горького состоится закладка четвертого МРК проекта 21631. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 24 August 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  25. ^ Mevedev, Sergei (3 March 2015). "Russian Black Sea Fleet to get 3 surface ships, two submarines in 2015 — Сaptain". TASS. Itar-Tass. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  26. ^ http://en.news-4-u.ru/two-ships-with-missile-complex-caliber-nk-became-a-part-of-the-black-sea-fleet.html
  27. ^ "Fifth Buyan-Class Corvette Gets Name of Serpukhov". rusnavy.com. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  28. ^ Малый ракетный корабль проекта 21631 заложат 25 января в Зеленодольске. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 15 January 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  29. ^ http://sputniknews.com/military/20151212/1031641742/russian-ship-black-navy-fleet-kalibr-missile-system.html
  30. ^ "Work Begins on 6th Missile Boat for Caspian Flotilla". sputniknews. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  31. ^ Зеленодольский завод заложит восьмой малый ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  32. ^ На Зеленодольском заводе заложили очередной ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 10 April 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  33. ^ "4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea". rt.com. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  34. ^ Aji, Albert; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (7 October 2015). "Russia fires cruise missiles from warships into Syria". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 

External links[edit]