Buzescu

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Buzescu
Main street of Buzescu
Main street of Buzescu
Location in Teleorman County
Location in Teleorman County
Buzescu is located in Romania
Buzescu
Buzescu
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°01′N 25°14′E / 44.017°N 25.233°E / 44.017; 25.233Coordinates: 44°01′N 25°14′E / 44.017°N 25.233°E / 44.017; 25.233
CountryRomania
CountyTeleorman
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Valentin Trăistaru[1] (PNL)
Area
35 km2 (14 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
3,922
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.TR

Buzescu is a commune in Teleorman County, Muntenia, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Buzescu. It is well known for its wealthy Roma inhabitants and their extravagant Romani palaces.[3][4][5]

At the 2002 census, 77% of inhabitants were ethnic Romanians and 22.9% Roma. However, more recent estimates place the number at around 35% Roma.[5]

The town runs along a single street filled with various Romani mansions. Most Romanians live outside the town in the surrounding rural area. The Romani usually only occupy a portion of their houses due to the cost of air conditioning. The Romani citizens abide by their own code of honor that emphasizes silence called omerta.[5]

In terms of religious affiliation, 94.9% identified as Romanian Orthodox and 4.7% as Seventh-day Adventist.

History[edit]

The main church in Buzescu built in 1860

Following the abolition of slavery in Romania in the 1860s, the first recently freed Roma families settled in this part of Romania to work as metal smiths. Because of this profession they became known as the Kalderash clan.[4][6] Nowadays, the town has changed much with the new extravagant mansions of wealthy Roma that contrast with the rural cottages of Romanian peasants in the countryside.[5] The Kalderash Roma of the town are said to have made their wealth trading scrap metal in a previously unregulated market. However, since Romania joined the European Union more regulations have been put on this trade and only a handful of Buzescu’s families are extremely wealthy.[4][7]

Tourism and culture[edit]

Buzescu’s unique architecture attracts many western tourists interested in the Romani culture. Each building represents the family that lives in it through the use of certain colors in combination with lines or elements of oriental architecture. The size of the building represents the wealth and social standing of its owner. In addition, the Kalderash Roma of Buzescu adhere strictly to cultural clothing practices. Each cultural costume has a certain significance. The colors of the costume worn by women and girls, the number of skirts, and the color and ornamentation of the shirts, all are significant in the Kalderash Romani culture. Tourists have the opportunity to understand the significance of each color in relation to the age of the person wearing that particular object plus the knowledge about Romani family life and customs. Jewellery, especially made of gold, accompany the traditional outfit, individualizing each person.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ National Geographic. "Home of the Roma Kings". National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved July 19, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Hannah Booth (February 15, 2013). "Big picture: The Wealthy Roma Of Buzescu, by Ivan Kashinsky". The Guardian. Retrieved July 19, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d Sebastien Leban (March 20, 2014). "In Pictures: Romania's rich Roma". Al Jazeera. Retrieved July 19, 2021.
  6. ^ a b Teodorescu Camelia, Dinca Iulian, Popovici Adina, Tuduce Adela (2011). "Cultural values of Buzescu Gypsy community and tourism". Valorization by Tourism of Gypsy Culture in Romania (PDF). Recent Researches in Social Science, Digital Convergence, Manufacturing and Tourism. Canary Islands: World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society. pp. 22–28. ISBN 978-1-61804-003-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Claire O’Neill (September 7, 2012). "The Wealthy Roma: Oxymoron Or Reality?". NPR. Writer Tom O'Neill (no relation) explains that Roma in the town of Buzescu originally made money as Kalderash, or coppersmiths. But after the fall of communism, O'Neill explains, the Kalderash traveled the country gathering scrap metal from abandoned factories and sold it for a pretty penny. "By playing the commodity market," the article reads, "some Buzescu Roma reaped hefty profits."