Mount Buzhou

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Mount Buzhou

Mount Buzhou was an ancient Chinese mythological mountain which according to old texts lay to the northwest of the Kunlun Mountains, in a location today referred to as the Pamir Mountains. It is the mountain said to have supported the heavens, against which the Chinese water god Gonggong smashed his head in a fit of anger, requiring the goddess Nüwa to repair the sky. Nevertheless, once the spacer between the Earth and Sky was damaged, ever after the land of China permanently tilted to the southeast, causing the rivers all to flow in that same direction.


Modern Mandarin Chinese pronunciation of "bùzhòu" (步骤). Female voice. Speaker from Liaoning, China:

In mythology[edit]

The world was conceived as being divided into eight directional divisions, at each of which a mountain pillar supported the sky. Bu-zhou was the northwest one (Hawkes, 1985 (2011): 94-95, 135-136, 323).

In mythological geography, Buzhou Mountain a was located near Jade Mountain (Yang et al 2005:161-162, 206)

In poetry[edit]

The mountain is mentioned in the Classic of Mountains and Seas and is a location mentioned by Qu Yuan in his classic poem Li Sao, one of the Songs of Chu (line 355), which the poet visits during a shamanic, spiritual journey. Li Bo and other poets also make allusions or references to Buzhou. Former Chinese leader Mao Zedong also refers to Mount Buzhou in his 1931 poem "Against the First Encirclement Campaign".

References cited[edit]

  • Hawkes, David, translation, introduction, and notes (2011 [1985]). Qu Yuan et al., The Songs of the South: An Ancient Chinese Anthology of Poems by Qu Yuan and Other Poets. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-044375-2
  • Yang, Lihui, et al. (2005). Handbook of Chinese Mythology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533263-6

See also[edit]