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Buzludzha (Bulgarian: Бузлуджа Buzluđa derived from Turkish icy) is a historical peak in the Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria and is 1441 metres high (4728 ft). In 1868 it was the place of the final battle between Bulgarian rebels led by Hadji Dimitar and Stefan Karadzha and the Ottoman Empire.
The Buzludzha Monument on the peak was built by the Bulgarian communist regime to commemorate the events in 1891 when the socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement with the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a forerunner of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The Monument was opened in 1981. No longer maintained by the Bulgarian government, it has fallen into disuse. The building exemplifies the brutalist architectural style common to many state constructed communist buildings. The Architect was Guéorguy Stoilov.
Now the monument is abandoned and vandalised. As the roof of the building is heavily damaged, the main entrance of the building has been closed to the public.
- The Rough Guide to Bulgaria. Rough Guides. 2002. pp. 302. ISBN 978-1-85828-882-6.
- John D. Bell (1986), The Bulgarian Communist Party from Blagoev to Zhivkov, Hoover Institution Press, p 22
- Economist Youtube Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62Qvp4y031k. Retrieved 05/07/2015. Check date values in:
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- The Rough Guide to Bulgaria (2008) ISBN 978-1-85828-068-4 p. 297
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- Website dedicated to Buzludzha Monument
- The Economist, Buzludzha: A crumbling reminder of communism, Published on Oct 20, 2014.
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