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The Buzludzha Monument
Aerial view of the monument

Buzludzha (Bulgarian: Бузлуджа - from Turkish meaning "glacially/icy") is a historical peak in the Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria and is 1441 metres high (4728 ft). In 1868 it was the place of the final battle between Bulgarian rebels led by Hadji Dimitar and Stefan Karadzha[1] and the Ottoman Empire.

The Buzludzha Monument on the peak was built by the Bulgarian communist regime to commemorate the events in 1891 when the socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement with the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a fore-runner of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The Monument was opened in 1981.[2] No longer maintained by the Bulgarian government, it has fallen into disuse.

The monument was built at a cost of 14 186 000 lev.[3][citation needed][context?]

Buzludzha can be reached by two side roads from the Shipka Pass:[4] either a 16 km (10 mi) road from Kazanlak or a 12 km (7 mi) road coming north from Gabrovo.

Now the monument is abandoned and vandalised. As the roof of the building is heavily damaged, the main entrance of the building has been closed to the public.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Rough Guide to Bulgaria. Rough Guides. 2002. pp. 302. ISBN 978-1-85828-882-6. 
  2. ^ John D. Bell (1986), The Bulgarian Communist Party from Blagoev to Zhivkov, Hoover Institution Press, p 22
  3. ^ Economist Youtube Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62Qvp4y031k. Retrieved 05/07/2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ The Rough Guide to Bulgaria (2008) ISBN 978-1-85828-068-4 p. 297

Coordinates: 42°44′09″N 25°23′38″E / 42.735819°N 25.393819°E / 42.735819; 25.393819

External links[edit]